South Carolina History

Isabella Brockmann

South Carolina history

Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 900

The Eastern Woodland Indians lived in forests, and depended on the forests around them for food shelter, etc. The two main tribes were the Cherokee and the Iroquois.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement in the United States. A Spaniard, Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón found the land in 1526.

Plantation system

1600

The division of land into small private ownerships.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1733

The thirteen colonies were the colonies that belonged to England.

Proprietary colony

1629 - 1729

The proprietary colony was run by the 8 lord proprietors. They owned a land under the kings permission and sold it off to the settler

Mercantilism

1650 - 1673

Mercantilism is an economic system where the mother country dominants the trade with the colonies. The mother country is trying to make money for the colonies.

Triangle Slave Trade

1680 - 1880

The Triangle Trade carried cash, slaves, crops, and manufactured goods between America, Africa, England, and the Caribbean.

Rice and indigo trade

1698 - 1730

In South Carolina, rice and indigo were major cash crops.

Slave Codes

1705

The slave codes were a list of limits for slaves and laws for the masters, to prevent future rebellions.

Yemassee war

1715 - 1717

The yemassee war was a conflict between the British settlers and various Native American tribes.

Royal colony

1729 - 1776

Were also called crown colonies and were loyal to the king. They were ruled by a governor chosen by the king.

Stono Rebellion

1739

A slave rebellion led by an African American called Jemmy. 20 whites and 44 slaves were killed as a result of the rebellion.

French and Indian war

1754 - 1763

Fought between the colonies of British America and New France and the native Americans in America.

Cherokee war

1758 - 1761

It was between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indian tribes during the French and Indian War.

Sugar act

1764 - 1766

Sugar act was a tax put on foreign sugar and higher tax on coffee indigo and some kinds of wine.

Regulator movement

1765 - 1771

Was an uprising in North Carolina that colonist took against officials in which was unsuccessful.

Stamp act

1765

the stamp act was taxes by the British Parliament specifically on the colonies of British America.

Sons of liberty

1765 - 1766

Group of American patriots that wanted to protect the rights of the colonists and put a stop to British taxes.

Tea act

1773

Told the Americans they could only buy tea from the East Indian company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The revolutionary war won America its independence.

Declaration of Independence

1776

A document that stated America's thirteen colonies independent.

South Carolina Constitution

1776

the south carolina constitution was a list of laws that was made after breaking free from Great Britain.

Articles of confederation

1777 - 1789

It was Americas first constitution before the United States constitution.

Battle of Camden

1780

The battle of Camden was one of the battles that took place in the revolutionary war and ended with a British victory.

Battle of kings mountain

1780

The battle of kings mountain took place in North Carolina, and it was between the patriots and loyalists. The patriots won.

Battle of cowpens

1781

The battle of cowpens was in the revolutionary war, and resulted in an overwhelming American victory.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

The Battle of Eutaw Springs was a battle in the revolutionary war which resulted with a British victory.

Commerce compromise

1787

The commerce compromise states that the government can tax imports but not exports

3/5 compromise

1787

The 3/5 compromise was a compromise between the Northern and Southern states that said the slaves would only be counted as 3/5 of a person

The Great Compromise

1787 - 1800

The Great Compromise was also known as the Connecticut compromise, the bigger the state the more representation. Needed.

Constitution

1789

The constitution is the laws of the United States of America.

Denmark vesey plot

1791

The denmark vesey plot was when an African American planned to start a slave rebellion in the USA

Cotton gin

1793

The cotton gin was a machine that quickly and easily removes the seeds from cotton.

Cotton Trade

1800 - 1900

Because of the invention of the cotton fin, more people sold and traded cotton.

Embargo act

1807

An embargo from the United States, against Great Britain.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

The war of 1812 was when the United States took on Great Britain because they wanted to expand their territory.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

William was a general during the Civil War.

Abolitionist movement

1830

The abolitionist movement started to get rid of slavery. Examples of abolitionists: Harriet Tubman, John Brown, etc.

Nullification controversy

1832

A crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. This crisis was over tariffs.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Robert Smalls was an enslaved African American during the Civil War. He worked as a ship's pilot, sea captain, and politician. He also freed he and the rest of his family.

"Total War"

1850 - 1900

Wars during the mid-19th century.

Kansas Nebraska act

1854

Created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to open new land for settlers.

Dred Scott decision

1857

Federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories, and Africans (both slave and free) were not protected by the Constitution and were not U.S. citizens

Secessionist

1860

Someone who wanted to separate themselves from the North in 1860

Election of 1860

1860

The election of 1860 was the 19th presidential election. Abraham Lincoln won, who was from the republican party.

Civil War

1861 - 1865

A war between the south and the north over slavery.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The CSA was set up to separate the southern states from the northern states.

Fort Sumter

1861

The battle of Fort Sumter was the battle that started the Civil War.

Port Royal

1861

The battle of Port Royal was a battle in the Civil War.

Lincoln's Assassination

1865

Abraham Lincoln was assassinated April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth in the Ford theater.