Midterm Timeline

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

100 - 900

This was a group of Indians who lived from the Mississippi River to the east coast of America. These Indians lived off of what resources they had around them in the forest.

Triangle Slave Trade

1500 - 1800

This was a trading system including America, England, and Africa. These three countries traded slaves, crops, and manufactured goods.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

This was the first European settlement in the United States. This settlement was founded by Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón but was not able to last through the harsh winter months.

Plantation System

1600

Plantation System is when people took big pieces of land and broke them up for induvidual people to own. Many times these pieces of land had slaves working on them.

Mercantilism

1600 - 1800

Was a system where the colonies sold all their goods to England and England sold them off to other countries for more than they bought them for to make a greater profit. Also, the colonies could only buy their goods from England so England could raise the prices with no competition.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1763

These colonies were controlled by Great Britain.

Proprietary Colony

1629 - 1729

The Proprietary Colony was run by the 8 Lord Proprieters. They owned all the land under the Kings permission and sold it off to the settlers.

Slave Codes

1650 - 1712

The Slave Codes were a set laws to enforce slaves with. This gave slave owners absolute control over slaves.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1680 - 1775

South Carolina was well equipped for growing rice and indigo. This made it very easy to grow a large amount of the cash crops and make a lot of money from them. These crops were sold all around the world.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

The Yemassee War was a conflict between the British settlers and various Native American tribes.

Royal Colony

1729 - 1776

These were also called the Crown Colonies. They were ruled directly by a governor chosen by the king.

Stono Rebellion

September 9, 1739

This rebellion was the largest rebellion in the 13 colonies. It took place in the colony of South Carolina. This uprising did not succeed.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

War fought mainly between British America and New France.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

This war was fought between British and Cherokee Indian Tribe. These two sides faught because they both betrayed each other.

Sugar Act

1764

The Sugar Act, put in place by the British, placed taxes on sugar, wine, and other imported things. They did this because they wanted more money to provide more security for the colonies.

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

It was an organized effort by settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government.

Stamp Act

1765

The Stamp Act was created by the British Parliment on American colonies. This put taxes on any piece of printed paper they used.

Sons of Liberty

1765

The Sons Of Liberty was a group of people who were loyal to the American Colonies and revolted against British tax laws.

Cotton Trade

1770

Cotton is one of the biggestcash crops in America. Trading cotton with other countries brings in a lo of money.

Tea Act

1773

It told the Americans they could only buy tea from the East India Company.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

A war between the British and the 13 colonies. They were fighting over American Independence and who was to get the control of the land. America defeated the British with all odds against them.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

March 26, 1776

The Provincial Congress approved a new state constitution. The legislator became the General Assembly of South Carolina.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

A statement written by the Continental Congress which said that the American colonies were independent.

Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777

This was an agreement of the 13 original states. This agreement was used as the original constitution.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

This was a battle fought in the south. The British came out with a victory against America. This battle was a statement made by Great Britain, telling America they were in charge.

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7, 1780

This battle was a turning point in the Revolutionary War. Americans defeated the British with a suprise attack.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

This Battle definatley switch the point of the Reevolutionary war. At first, it seemed that the British forces had the war won. But after this battle, America came back on top.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

This was one of the last battles fought in the Carolinas. Great Britain won this Battle.

3/5 Compromise

1787

This was a comprimise between the Northern and Southern states. It said that 3/5 of slaves would be counted for population. They needed numbers of population for taxing and representation.

Commerce Compromise

1787

This was another comprimise between the north and the south. This said the the government was allowed to tax on imports but not exports.

Great Compromise

1787

This was a comprimise between small and large states. They agreed that the Senate should have equal representation throught all of the states but the House of Representatives should have representation based on population.

Constitution

September 17, 1787

This document is placed in the National Archives. The Constitution is where all the laws of the United States of America come from.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

The Embargo Act put an embargo on Great Britain and France. This was inplaced on these countries because they were attacking American trading ships. This Act hurt America because they were unable to trade with certain countries and did not make profit.

War of 1812

June 18, 1812 - February 18, 1815

This was a war between England and America. This war did not end in any territorial change but solved many ongoing desputes.

William T. Sherman

February 8, 1820 - February 14, 1891

Sherman was a northern general in the Civil War. He used the "Total Warfare" strategy to destroy everything the South had. He is responsible for a majority of the damage done in the South during the Civil War.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

The goal of this plan was to have slaves escape their owners and then flee to Haiti for freedom. This plan was known by many white people, and they took action to make sure it never happened.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

The abolitionist movement was a time where people tried to put an end to slavery. This envolved many protest and lots of violence.

Nullification Controversy

1832

This was an argument between Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun. Andrew Jackson believed Taxes should be control by the federal government where Calhoun thought that idividual states should have their own power. South Carolina tried nullifing the tax law but ended up not being allowed to do that.

Robert Smalls

April 5, 1839 - February 23, 1915

He was a slave during the civil war. He freed himself, his family, and his crew from slavery. He did this by pertending to be a confederate and drive their ship out of the harbor to the north.

Dred Scott Decision

1846 - 1857

Dred Scott went to court to fight for his freedom. After ten years of tossing back and forth, he finally became before the Supreme Court. The court told him because he was black and not a citizen of the US, he could not sue in federal court.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

This act created the territories Kansas and Nebraska. In these two territories, the people had the choice weather they wanted slavery or not.

Election of 1860

1860

Abraham Lincoln won the election of 1860.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

The Confederate States of America was created by a bunch of southern slave states that were scared that Abraham Lincoln, the new president, was going to take slavery away. When these states secceded, the outbreak of the Civil War started.

Secessionist

1861 - 1865

A secessionist is a person who joins into a secession or break away. These people broke away from the US and and formed the CSA.

“Total War”

1861 - 1865

Total War is where one side totally distroys and disables a perfectl population and resources.

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - June 22, 1865

The Civil war was a war between the north and south. The North fought for the abolishment of slavery and the South wanted to keep it. The North ended up winning this war.

Ft Sumter

April 12, 1861 - April 14, 1861

This battle was the first battle in the Civil War. It resulted in a southern victory.

Port Royal

November 3, 1861 - November 7, 1861

This battle was one of the first amphibious operations of the Civil War. This means the soliders came from fighting on the water to on the land. The north won this battle.

Lincoln’s assassination

April 14, 1865

Licoln was assassinated while he was watching a play in D.C. The man who shot him was named John Wilkes Booth.

Cotton Gin

1974

The Cotton Gin was a macheine that changed the way cotton was sold in America. This macheine seperated the seed out of the cotton. It did the job quickly where when people had to do it, it took long, painful hours.