800 B.C.-2013 Timeline

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Eastern woodland Indians

800 B.C. - 1492

These Indians live between the Mississippi River to the east coast of the United States. They split into two groups the Cherokee and the Iroquois Indians

Triangle slave trade

1450 - 1860

Ships that would go to Africa, Cuba, and back to the U.S. abducting innocent African civilians, Like Joseph Cinque and Robert Smalls.

San Miguel de Gualdape

1526 - 1527

He led the 1st European exploration since the Vikings in 1000 AD. They were aboard 6 ships in July.

13 English colonies

1607 - 1732

First 13 colonies founded by England in America.

Royal Colony

1607 - 1732

A settlement under the rule by a queen or king from a different country. The colonies in American is an example of Royal Colonies.

Proprietary colony

1660 - 1690

Type of settlement in which the british crown gave large amounts of land to certain people in the "New World." The people were aloud to supervise and develop the land.

Rice and Indigo Trade

1698 - 1783

Rice became a major cash crop for South Carolina. Because of the tidal swamps and loose soil, it was ideal for indigo and rice.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1716

The war was about conflict between the Yemassee Indians and the British colonists in South Carolina. The Indians resented the colonists encroaching on their land. The Indians lost this War and tried to escape to Florida.

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave rebellion in the colony of South Carolina before the American Revolutionary War. It began in 1739.

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was a series of wars between the French and the British.
Native Americans helped the French. The British won and got most of the French land in North America.

The Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The Cherokee declared war against the British. The French wanted to build forts in Cherokee territory.

Regulator Movement

1760 - 1771

The Regulator movement was an uprising of citizens from North and South Carolina against corrupt colonial officials. The Regulators weren't successful, but some Historians believe it to be a start to the American Revolutionary War.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1776

Act that put a 3 cent tax on foreign refined sugar imported by the colonies. The taxes were raised without the colonists' approval. They wanted to be in control of how much they should be taxed.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1776

This required taxes to be paid on every piece of paper that the colonists printed. The money was used to help pay to defend the frontier.

Sons of Liberty

1765 - 1776

In rage from the Stamp Act, these men wanted every stamp distributor to resign. They broke up with the appeal of the stamp act in 1776.

Tea Act

1773 - December 1773

This helped the British East India Company. Also, it helped undercut the tea being smuggled into the colonies. This eventually led to the Boston Tea Party.

Mercantilism

1775 - 1783

The idea that colonies existed for the benefit of the Mother Country. For example, American colonists could be compared to tenants, paying rent to Great Britain.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

This is known as the War of Independence. Conflict grew between the colonies and Great Britain and the war started.

South Carolina Constitution of 1776

March 26, 1776

This is when South Carolina became independent from Great Britain and joined the United States of America.

Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

This was adopted by the colonies, saying that they were no longer a part of Great Britain, yet a country on its own, The United States of America

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

This battle happened between two swamps and at night. This battle continued the British hold on South Carolina for the time being.

Battle of Kings Mountain

October 7, 1780

This was an important American victory during the Revolutionary War. This was the first major victory to occur after the Charleston invasion.

Articles of Confederation

1781 - 1789

It was the first official document that defined the United States government. It provided enough structure for a nation to survive for those eight years. The Americans learned how to run a government and then changed them.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

This became known as the turning point of the war in the south. It led to a chain of Patriot victories, including york town.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

September 8, 1781

This was the last major battle in the south. Some historians say it was the bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War and led to Great Britain surrendering.

Great Compromise

1787

This is the two-house legislature plan that worked for all states, became known as the Great Compromise

Commerce Compromise

1787

The Constitution allows government to tax imports but not exports.

3/5 Compromise

July 12, 1787

A slave would count as 3/5 of a person in both taxation and representation.

Constitution

September 17, 1787 - 2013

A body of principles about which a state should be governed. Rules that the country must follow is known as the Constitution.

Plantation System

1790 - 1860

This was the division of the land into smaller units under private ownership.

Cotton Gin

March 14, 1794

A machine that automatically separates cotton seed. This was a huge accomplishment during this time.

Creation of the Confederate states of america

1800 - 1860

The states starting from when South Carolina was the first to secede to when the civil war ended which called the antebellum period.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1809

This restricted American ships from participating in trade. America could not trade with any other country, but this backfired.

The War of 1812

1812 - 1815

This war started for a lot of reasons. A lot of the things that Britain was doing was considered illegal to the colonists.

William T Sherman

1820 - 1891

Gen. that led march of Union domination and chaos to some of the confederate states.

Denmark Vesey Plot

1822

Most famous for planning a slave rebellion in the United States. His plans were revealed before anything ever happened

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

Attempt to free the slaves and end prejudices against black people.

Nullification Controversy

1832 - 1833

This was a long series of attempts to define the proper powers of the states.

Robert Smalls

1835 - 1915

Became a politician, ship's polite, and a sea captain. Sailed his family back to Africa.

Slave Codes

1848 - 1862

Punishments against slaves for not cooperating with their owner

The Cotton Trade

1850 - 1860

The south would trade cotton against other countries.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

An act to organize Kansas and Nebraska territories. It repealed the Missouri Compromise.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

A question asking if a slave was property or a person by Dred Scott

Secessionist

1860 - 1861

Someone who signs documents saying that state is leaving the union. Along with 11 other states

civil war

1860 - 1864

War that ended slavery for the good of the american people to show that all men are created equal. That the union won to know that we're reunited as one country.

election of 1860

1860

The election of Abraham Lincoln for the Union states. The election of Jefferson Davis for the confederate states

Fort Sumter

1861

Confederate fort that was in Charleston harbor that stands as a south carolina memorial today.

Port royal

1861

Battle that north won, that is a plantation today.

Total war

1864

Led by Will Sherman that caused lots of damage to the south.

lincoln's assassination

1865

lincoln got killed by John Wilkes Booth, a 29 year old actor.