South Carolina History

Main

Eastern Woodland Indians

1491 - 1492

These Indians were made up of many tribes. They lived in the eastern part of the states

Mercantilism

1500 - 1800

Mercantilism is the economic system that gives the government control of foreign trade

Port Royal

1518

It was the centre of shipping commerce in the Caribbean Sea during the latter half of the 17th century.

San Miguel De Gualdape

1526 - 1527

was the first European settlement inside what is now United States territory, founded by Spaniard Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón in 1526.

Triangle Slave Trade

1600 - 1900

triangular trading system is the transatlantic slave trade, carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between West Africa, Caribbean or American colonies and the European colonial powers.

Proprietary Colony

1600 - 1830

A colony that had one or more individuals that were usually land owners. Staying loyal to their parent states.

13 English Colonies

1607 - 1732

The first colony was Virginia. It was started in 1607 at Jamestown. The last colony of the thirteen to be started was Georgia in 1732.

Royal Colony

1700 - 1800

Royal colonies were established in North America by England, France, and the Netherlands over the course of the seventeenth and eighteenth century’s.

Yemassee War

1715 - 1717

A conflict between British settlers of colonial South Carolina and Native Americans tribes. And other American Indian tribes

Stono Rebellion

1739

The Stono Rebellion was a slave rebellion, that happened in South Carolina. Also the largest slave uprising in British mainland colonies

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

The war was between New France and the British colonies. France was joined by Indians tribes. The British won and as result they created the Treaty of Paris.

Cherokee War

1758 - 1761

The war was a conflict between the British and the Cherokee Indian Tribes. The British and the Cherokee Indian Tribes were suspected of others betrayals

Rice and Indigo Trade

1763 - 1783

High value crops that were traded for other crops, cash, and other food and living needs.

Sugar Act

1764 - 1766

Act that put three-cent increased taxing on coffee, indigo, and certain kinds of wine. And refined sugar.

Sons of Liberty

1764 - 1775

The Sons of Liberty was a group consisting of American patriots that originated in the pre-independence North American British colonies

Regulator Movement

1765 - 1771

A group of western farmers in North Carolina who came together to fight against the local colonial officials who were overtaxing them.

Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

Put taxes on anything that was paper made

Denmark Vesey Plot

1767 - 1822

He was most famous for planning a rebellion with all the slaves against the US.

Tea Act

1773 - 1869

When they put taxes on the tea.

Revolutionary War

1775 - 1783

The Revolutionary War in the United States, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew into a world war between Britain on one side and the newly formed United States, France, Netherlands and Spain on the other. Pretty much just fighting for their rights

Battle of Cowpens

1775

The battle of Cowpens was a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary War.

Declaration of Independence

1776 - 1777

On June 11 and June 28 1776 Thomas Jefferson signed it.

South Carolina Constitution

1776

The provincial congress of South Carolina approves a new constitution and government. Legislature renames it selfs the general assembly.

Articles of Confederation

1777 - 1789

Was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America.

Battle of Camden

1780 - 1781

Was a great victory for the British. Over 900 people killed.

Battle of Kings Mountain

1780

Battle between the Loyalists and the Patriots militias.

Battle of Eutaw Springs

1781

A battle of the Revolutionary War. The last of the major engagement of the war in the Carolina’s

3/5 Compromise

1787

Was a compromise between Southern and Northern states.

Constitution

1787 - 1788

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America

Great Compromise

1787

Was an agreement that reached large and small states

Commerce Compromise

1787

Was when The Constitution allows the government to tax imports but not exports.

Cotton Trade

1793 - 1861

When they traded cotton to different places

Cotton Gin

1794 - 1865

A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds.

Plantation System

1800 - 1820

The division of the land into smaller units under private ownership became known as the plantation system.

Embargo Act

1807 - 1808

The embargo was created in response to violations of U.S.

War of 1812

1812 - 1815

Was a 32 month long military conflict between the United States and the British Empire.

William T. Sherman

1820 - 1891

Was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author.

Abolitionist Movement

1830 - 1870

Abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves and the ending of racial segregation and discrimination.

Nullification Controversy

1832

Was a major milestone in the national debate over federal versus state authority.

Robert Smalls

1839 - 1915

Was an enslaved African American who, during and after the American Civil War

Slave Codes

1840 - 1865

The slave codes were laws in each US state, which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Kansas-Nebraska Act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska.

Dred Scott Decision

1857

It held that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the territories.

Election of 1860

1860

The election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election.

Creation of the Confederate States of America

1861 - 1865

Was a government set up from 1861 to 1865 by a number of Southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 between the United States (the “Union” or the “North”) and several Southern slave states

Secessionist

1861

Is the act of withdrawing from an organization.

Ft Sumter

1861

The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter.

"Total War"

1864 - 1865

Total war was identified by scholars as a separate class of warfare.

Lincoln’s assassination

1865

April 14th Lincoln was shot in fords theater around the time the war was ending.