Greece 1500 - 2000

Main

Ottoman Empire

1453 - 1821

Greece is under the control of the Ottoman Empire.

Modern Greece

1828 - 2013

History of Greece after recognition of autonomy from Ottoman Empire

Events

Greek National Movement

1750

Some Young Greeks were sent to Western Europe to study. There, they learned about the European Enlightenment, the French Revolution, and romantic nationalism.

Filiki Eteria

1814 - 1821

This secret organization is founded to liberate Greece. Also, this group planned the Peloponnese Revolts.

Greek War of Independence

1821 - 1832

Also known as the Greek Revolution.

First National Assembly

1821

First Greek National Assembly. This was where the First Greek Constitution was drafted. Members of an executive and legislative body were appointed.

Greek Civil Wars

1824 - 1825

Two civil wars - Roumeliots (Central Greece) versus Moreots (Peloponnesians)

Ibrahim Pasha

1825 - 1826

Egyptian, son of Mehmet Ali of Egypt, suppresses most of Peloponnese Revolt. During this time, Egypt gained control of Peloponnese.

Three Great Powers

1827

Russia, UK, and France send troops to help Greece. The Ottoman-Egyptian fleet is defeated with aid from the French Expeditionary Force.

First Hellenic Republic

1829 - 1832

During the Greek War of Independence - Series of councils and "Provisional Governments"

Greece recognized as independent nation

May 1832

Reign of King Otto

1833 - 1862

King George I

1864 - 1913

There was a more democratic constitution during King George I's reign.

A More Democratic Constitution

1864

A more democratic constitution is adopted in Greece.

Poverty

1890

Greece was poor and one of the few things that helped Greece was emigration to the U.S.

Revival of the Olympic Games

1896

The Olympics were held in Athens, Greece. The Olympics were a success and improved Greece's economy slightly.

Goudi Coup

August 1909

Military coup d'état - Brought Eleftherios Venizelos to Greece.

Eleftherios Venizelos - Prime Minister

1910

Venizelos elected Prime Minister and is called "The Maker of Modern Greece."

National Schism

1910 - 1922

King Constantine I versus Prime Minister Eleftherios - Major question = Should Greece join World War I? If so, what side?
PM Venizelos wanted to support the Allies. The King wanted to remain neutral because it would benefit the plans of the Central Powers. Greece joined the Allies after full unification in May 1917.

First Balkan War

1912 - 1913

Greece, Bulgaria, Montenegro, and Serbia versus Ottoman Empire - Most of Ottoman Empire captured and divided amongst allies

Second Balkan War

June 1913 - August 1913

Bulgaria did not like the division of the territories, specifically Macedonia. Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia versus Bulgaria

Alexander (King of Greece)

1917 - 1920

King Constantine I Abdicates. His son, Alexander, succeeded him during World War I.

Greco-Turkish War

1919 - 1922

Greece is defeated. Allies abandoned Treaty of Sèvres and negotiated the Teaty of Lausanne. The Treaty of Lausanne recognized the Republic of Turkey's Independence.

Treaty of Sèvres

1920

Peace Treaty after WWI between Ottoman Empire and Allies

Second Hellenic Republic

1924 - 1935

Political regime of Greece

4th of August Regime

1936 - 1941

A.K.A. Metaxas Regime - Authoritarian Regime
Led by General Loannis Metaxas

UN

October 1945

Greece joins the United Nations.

EU

1981

Greece joins European Union.

Orthodox Church

2013

Orthodoxy is currently the main religion in Greece.