Greece is under the control of the Ottoman Empire.
1828 - 2013
History of Greece after recognition of autonomy from Ottoman Empire
Greek National Movement
Some Young Greeks were sent to Western Europe to study. There, they learned about the European Enlightenment, the French Revolution, and romantic nationalism.
1814 - 1821
This secret organization is founded to liberate Greece. Also, this group planned the Peloponnese Revolts.
First National Assembly
First Greek National Assembly. This was where the First Greek Constitution was drafted. Members of an executive and legislative body were appointed.
Greek War of Independence
1821 - 1832
Also known as the Greek Revolution.
Greek Civil Wars
1824 - 1825
Two civil wars - Roumeliots (Central Greece) versus Moreots (Peloponnesians)
1825 - 1826
Egyptian, son of Mehmet Ali of Egypt, suppresses most of Peloponnese Revolt. During this time, Egypt gained control of Peloponnese.
Three Great Powers
Russia, UK, and France send troops to help Greece. The Ottoman-Egyptian fleet is defeated with aid from the French Expeditionary Force.
First Hellenic Republic
1829 - 1832
During the Greek War of Independence - Series of councils and "Provisional Governments"
Greece recognized as independent nation
Reign of King Otto
1833 - 1862
A More Democratic Constitution
A more democratic constitution is adopted in Greece.
King George I
1864 - 1913
There was a more democratic constitution during King George I's reign.
Greece was poor and one of the few things that helped Greece was emigration to the U.S.
Revival of the Olympic Games
The Olympics were held in Athens, Greece. The Olympics were a success and improved Greece's economy slightly.
Military coup d'état - Brought Eleftherios Venizelos to Greece.
1910 - 1922
King Constantine I versus Prime Minister Eleftherios - Major question = Should Greece join World War I? If so, what side?
PM Venizelos wanted to support the Allies. The King wanted to remain neutral because it would benefit the plans of the Central Powers. Greece joined the Allies after full unification in May 1917.
Eleftherios Venizelos - Prime Minister
Venizelos elected Prime Minister and is called "The Maker of Modern Greece."
First Balkan War
1912 - 1913
Greece, Bulgaria, Montenegro, and Serbia versus Ottoman Empire - Most of Ottoman Empire captured and divided amongst allies
Second Balkan War
June 1913 - August 1913
Bulgaria did not like the division of the territories, specifically Macedonia. Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia versus Bulgaria
Alexander (King of Greece)
1917 - 1920
King Constantine I Abdicates. His son, Alexander, succeeded him during World War I.
1919 - 1922
Greece is defeated. Allies abandoned Treaty of Sèvres and negotiated the Teaty of Lausanne. The Treaty of Lausanne recognized the Republic of Turkey's Independence.
Treaty of Sèvres
Peace Treaty after WWI between Ottoman Empire and Allies
Second Hellenic Republic
1924 - 1935
Political regime of Greece
4th of August Regime
1936 - 1941
A.K.A. Metaxas Regime - Authoritarian Regime
Led by General Loannis Metaxas
Greece joins the United Nations.
Greece joins European Union.
Orthodoxy is currently the main religion in Greece.