British Imperialism in India

Main

War between France & Britain

1756

Britain defeats France in the first global conflict & gains complete European presence in India

British East India Company became real ruler in Bengal

1780

British intro Western edu & legal

1820

conversion to Christianity
social changes: tried to end caste system & slvary, sati prohibited

Ram Mohun Roy fused Western & Indian cultures

1830

condemned some Indian traditions: caste, child marriages, sati, purdah
wanted to revitalize "Indian" culture...seen later as the founder of Indian nationalism

Discontent among Sepoys

1850

Sepoys required to serve overseas
allowed Hindu widows to remarry

Sepoy Rebellion

1857

Sepoys rebelled after the practice of biting tips of the rifle cartridges off (that had been greased in animal fats...offensive to both Muslims & Hindus)

Viceroy established in India

1858

Colonial rule established. Power transferred to Parliament from the East India Trading Company

Suez Canal opened

1869

British trade with India soared

Cash crops introduced

1870

transformed agriculture to cash crops...leading to famine

Indian National Congress establishee

1885

mostly professionals & business leaders
peaceful protest to gain their goals of greater democracy
worked toward eventual self-rule, but supported western-style modernization

Muslim League established

1906

Muslims League established to prevent oppression of Muslims and to work toward a separate Muslim state.