Interregional Patterns of Culture and Contact Timeline

Chapter 12: Mongol Eurasia and its Aftermath

Mongols unified China by conquering the Song and Chinese Territories

1200 - 1399

Represents Mongol stability in China

Mongols conquered Mongolia

1200 - 1299

Symbolizes Mongol rise to power

Temujin acknowledged as supreme leader, or Genghis Khan

1206

Symbolizes Mongol beginning

Mongols controlled Northern China

1234

Symbolizes Mongol rise to power

Genghis Khan's successors continued his conquests

1236

Symbolizes Mongol rise to power

Mongols conquered Kievan Russia

1240

Demonstrate move to centralized military power and control of all of East Asia

Mongols capture Baghdad and kill caliph

1258

Demonstrates Mongol interaction with Islam

Nasir al-Din Tusi wrote on history, poetry, ethics, and religion of Islam

1260

Demonstrates Mongol interaction with Islam

Japan unites with Mongols

1271

Represents Mongol stability in China

Yuan destroyed southern Song

1279

Represents Mongol stability in China

Mongols attacked Japan

1281

Demonstrate move to centralized military power and control of all of East Asia

Mongols conquered Song/All of China

1281

Height of Mongol rule

Khubilai had third invasion of Japan in mind

1293

Demonstrates the move to centralized power and control of all of East Asia

Il-Khan Ghazan converts to Islam

1295

Demonstrates Mongol interaction with Islam

Adoption of Tibetan Buddhism

1300 - 1399

Demonstrate move to centralized military power and control of all of East Asia

Mongols conquered Middle East

1300 - 1399

Demonstrate move to centralized military power and control of all of East Asia

Go-Daigo broke centuries-old traditions trying to reclaim power from the shoguns

1335

Demonstrates the move to centralized military power and control of all of East Asia

Khans fight for power

1340 - 1349

Mongolian decline of power

The Ming Empire founded

1368

Mongolian decline of power

Yi establish a kingdom in former Mongol-Korea

1392

Mongolian decline of power

Chapter 13: Tropical Africa and Asia

Most Africans made their lives through agriculture for many centuries

1200

Explains civilization building in tropical Africa

Delhi Sultanate founded in India

1206

Explains civilization building in tropical Asia

Muslim invaders extended their rule over Hindu princes

1206 - 1236

Demonstrates the spread of Islam out of Arabia to the East

Mali Empire founded

1230 - 1239

Explains civilization building in tropical Africa

Mali rulers regulated the spread of Islam among elite of empire

1230

Explains the rise of Mali as a power base in Western Sudan

Ethiopian Empire founded

1270

Explains civilization building in tropical Africa

Delhi Sultanate annexes Gujarat

1298

Explains civilization building in tropical Asia

Independence of Gurajat in India

1309

Mali controlled core trading area and gold fields in Niger

1320

Explains the rise of Mali as a power base in Western Sudan

Mansa Kankan Musa pilgrimages to Mecca

1324

Explains the rise of Mali as a power base in Western Sudan

Muslim nobles established Bahmani Kingdom

1347

Explains civilization building in tropical Asia

Bahmani Kingdom formed an alliance with Muslim-ruled state of Gujarat

1350

Demonstrates the spread of Islam out of Arabia to the East

Firuz Shah preferred to cultivate good relations with the Muslim elite.

1351 - 1388

Demonstrates the spread of Islam out of Arabia to the East

ibn Battuta praises Malians for faithful recitation of Islamic prayers

1353

Demonstrates the spread of Islam out of Arabia to the West

Gujarat's rulers extended their control over neighboring Hindu states

1390

Demonstrates the height of Indian Maritime power

Sunni Muslim King of Yemen sent materials for the building of a mosque in Zeila

1400

Demonstrates the spread of Islam out of Arabia to the West

Hausa city-states adopted Islam as their official religion

1450

Demonstrates the spread of Islam out of Arabia to the West

Chapter 14: The Latin West

Spain and Portugal's Reconquest of Iberia

1085 - 1415

Demonstrates political and Military Transformation in Europe

Large numbers of Germans migrated east of Elbe River and eastern Baltic States

1150 - 1250

Shows rural growth of the Latin West

Growth of Trading Cities

1200

Shows urban revival

Latin West: more land under cultivation, new farming techniques

1200 - 1500

Shows rural growth of the Latin West

Dominicans and Franciscans contributed talented professors to new colleges

1200

Symbolizes rise of the Renaissance

Armor-piercing crossbows and firearms were invented

1200

Demonstrates political and Military Transformation in Europe

Theologists tried to synthesize reason and faith, or scholasticism

1200 - 1299

Symbolizes rise of the Renaissance

Magna Carta issued

1215

Shows urban revival

60 new universities joined the twenty existing colleges of higher learning

1300 - 1500

Symbolizes rise of the Renaissance

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

Demonstrates political and Military Transformation in Europe

Three-Field system

1345

Shows rural growth of the Latin West

Venice surpassed its European rivals in the volume of it's trade

1400

Shows urban revival

Chapter 15: The Maritime Revolution

Polynesian sailors first reach the Hawaiian Islands

500

Demonstrates the global maritime trade network pre revolution

Polynesian settlers from Tahiti arrive in Hawaii

1100 - 1300

Demonstrates the global maritime trade network pre revolution

New Zealand was settled upon by Polynesians

1300

Demonstrates the global maritime trade network pre revolution

Henry the Navigator's ships established permanent contact with Madeira

1418

Symbolizes European Expansion of trade 1400 - 1550

Henry the Navigator's ships established permanent contact with Azores

1439

Symbolizes European Expansion of trade 1400 - 1550

Henry the Navigator sells into slavery Africans captured on NW coast of Africa

1440 - 1449

Symbolizes West African interaction with European traders

Iberian kingdoms have trade links with northern Europe, Indian Ocean, Black Sea

1450

Symbolizes European Expansion of trade 1400 - 1550

Portugese sailors arrived at Gold Coast of West Africa, erected trading post

1482

Symbolizes West African interaction with European traders

Arawak rebellion against Spain

1495

Demonstrates interactions between European traders and Americans

Portuguese fleet bombarded Swahili Coast cities

1505

Symbolizes interactions between Indian Ocean States and European traders

Helena sent a letter to king of Portugal, proposed alliance against Turks

1509

Symbolizes Eastern African interaction with European traders

Portuguese fleet ransacked Goa

1510

Symbolizes interactions between Indian Ocean States and European traders

Cuba conquered by Diego Velazquez

1510 - 1511

Demonstrates interactions between European traders and Americans

Ottoman Turks conquered Egypt

1517

Symbolizes Eastern African interaction with European traders

Spanish spread deadly new diseases among Amerindians, weakened ability to resist

1518

Demonstrates interactions between European traders and Americans

Alfonso I wrote king of Portugal for help stopping trade

1526

Symbolizes West African interaction with European traders

Portuguese fleet attacked Gujarati port of Diu

1535

Symbolizes interactions between Indian Ocean States and European traders

Christopher da Gama reaches Ethiopia

1539

Symbolizes Eastern African interaction with European traders