Height of Athenian power. Art, architecture, and democracy were at their highest state.
Sparta vs. Athens
Great conqueror and lover of Greek culture, he set out to try and conquer the world. He successfully took over Greece, Egypt, and further east into Asia, almost to India.
Greek culture spreads to areas conquered by Alexander.
The king took advice from a council of elders, which limited his power. His position was not hereditary; instead, he was elected by a committee of 300 members of the ruling patrician class - the Senate.