-A series of wars between the Christians and Muslims to reclaim lost land
-Fighting for the “Holy Land”
-A document that limits the Monarch’s Power
-A war between England and France
-Fighting over land located in France
-A battle between Christians and Muslims
-Muslims faced a brutal defeat after much bloodshed
-United Christians to fight a common enemy
-A disease that killed a large population of Europe
-Slowed the intellectual growth of Europe
The Great Schism was a split in the Church which led to two popes, which hurt the Church's power.
-Started the slave trade in Europe
-Portuguese traded gold with the natives
-Petrarch , also know as the Father of Humanism, shows his commitment to classic Greek and Roman works and learning, and inspires others to do the same.
-The cultural movement of new ideas and classical learning started In Italy
-The Medici were major patrons and contributed to the renaissance starting in Italy.
-Brunelleschi was commissioned to build the dome for the Florence Cathedral, which was a major achievement in architecture that occurred during the renaissance
-The rebirth of learning spread across the Alps,and started the Northern Renaissance.
- It was more closely tied to religion , and important people such as Erasmus and More arose from the Northern Renaissance.
-In this writing , Castiglione writes about what it takes to be a courtier, and shows individualism through his writing.
Tetzel selling indulgences in Wittenburg, Germany. 95 Theses created to present Luther’s oppositions to the corruptions and indulgences that are taking place in the church
Million pamphlets circulating in Germany. He had the support of Fredrick of Saxony, influential German Prince.
Henry VIII got Parliament to accept the the reformation in England. He became the Head of his own Church that became the Anglican Church. This was all so he could terminate his marriage to the Spanish princess Catherine of Aragon.
The Protestant Reformation began to spread through Paris. It gained a good amount of influence there
Calvin met French followers called Huguenots. He then began to spread the ideas of Calvinism