cripple, cologny becomes advisor
also controlled by catherine de medici
Catholics kill the Huguenots
Huguenots get raped! lol!
henri de boubon escapes
Henri III kills
gives Huguenots rights, promotes tolerance
ends wars with spain.... Spanish defeat, give French lands back
Walsingham (PRO NETHERLANDS)
Keeps England out of war till 1585
Hawkings and Drake
Passionate, marries Darnley, wears men's clothes
English ally with Netherlands
Leads to the death of Marie Stuart
Married to England!
Charles V splits the empire...
Netherlands dude, gets killed, peeps get mad
Duke of Alba (1567-73)
Rape and pillage motherfuckers!
Utretch - Framework of Dutch state
Arras - Staying loyal to the Spanish crown
Marries Isabelle of Portugal
The declaration of independence!
Tried to ally with Duke of Anjou
Cuts off english trade to Flanders
Lol, bye spanish army
b/c treaty on nonsuch, and babington plot is found out, marie stuart killed
Battle of Rocroi...
Spain wasn't able to drive forcefully drive out French from Catalonia...ends up with Spanish retaking Barcelona but with provincial authority to the Barcelonians
French encourage unrest
Another thing like Catalonia
Naples peeps get fucked, try to revolt, fail, but again, Spanish power diminishing
Frederick gets effed, Protestant Union destroyed
had support of Spain
helps Ferdinard, gets territory
Fred V done, annihilation of Protestanism in Bohemia, 50% land taken from Protestants, German princes imported
1) Christian wants Bremmen, Hamburg, Lubeck
- TRADE b1tch3z
2) Has friends
- getting funds from england and UP
- pick up the mantle of Protestanism
Wallenstein and Tilly!
Refuses to drop religious issue
- P: ahhhh, he's taking my lands
- C: shyt mayne, our political autonomy and lordship over shyt
Political power grab by the Hapsburgs
1) Control all da rivers
2) Crushed invaders
They make him cut army by 2/3 and sent off Wallestein
FRENCH finance Sweden
Saves protestantism in one afternoon!
Imperials get fucked (80% casualities)
Doubles Swedish army
He is a good king, does that good domestic shit, VERY GOOD general
Invades because does not like the idea of the Hapsburgs building a navy on the Baltic coast. Also, happens to be in the area after the cutting of the army and sending home of Wallestein. Good timing, bro.
Re-ignited the protestants!
First defeat of Spain on the battlefield in a while...lol
This is imporant because...
1) Disintegration of Germany
2) Self determination of religion
3) Recognize the Dutch and the Swiss
4) All important German rivers controlled by foreigners
After this, you have:
1) Weak germany
2) Religious co-existance
3) Weaker hapsburgs
and the real big players are now:
3) Dutch (kinda)