Black History

Main

First Slaves Come to U.S.

1619

First slaves arrive in Virginia.

First Black Poet

1745

Lucy Terry, a slave poet, writes about a native American attack.

First Slave Publication

1773

Phillis Wheatley publishes Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral.

Slavery Made Illegal in Northwest Territory

1787

US Contstitution states that Congress cannot make slavery illegal until 1808.

Fugitive Slave Act

1793

Slaves who escape are to be returned to owner.

Cotton Gin Invented

1793

Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin which increases the demand for slave labor.

Slave Revolt

1800

Gabriel Prosser, a slave blacksmith, organizes a slave revolt. He is hanged along with other conspirators. Virginia strengthens slave laws.

Importing Slaves Prohibited

1808

Congress bans importing slaves from Africa.

Missouri Compromise

1820

Missouri Compromise bans slavery north of the southern boundary of Missouri.