European Leaders

Scotland

841 - February 13, 858
February 13, 858 - April 13, 862
April 13, 862 - 877
877 - 878
878 - 889
889 - 900
900 - 943
943 - 954
954 - 962
962 - 967
967 - 971
971 - 995
995 - 997
997 - 1005
1005 - 1034
1034 - 1040
1040 - 1057
August 15, 1057 - March 17, 1058
March 17, 1058 - November 13, 1093
November 13, 1093 - June 1094
June 1094 - November 12, 1094
November 12, 1094 - 1097
1097 - January 8, 1107
January 8, 1107 - April 23, 1124
May 1124 - May 24, 1153
May 24, 1153 - December 9, 1165
December 9, 1165 - December 4, 1214
December 4, 1214 - July 6, 1249
July 6, 1249 - March 19, 1286
November 25, 1286 - September 26, 1290
November 17, 1292 - July 10, 1296
March 25, 1306 - June 7, 1329
June 7, 1329 - February 22, 1371
February 22, 1371 - April 19, 1390
April 19, 1390 - April 4, 1406
April 4, 1406 - February 21, 1437
February 21, 1437 - August 3, 1460
August 3, 1460 - June 11, 1488
June 11, 1488 - September 9, 1513
September 9, 1513 - December 14, 1542
December 14, 1542 - July 24, 1567
July 24, 1567 - March 27, 1625
March 27, 1625 - January 30, 1649
January 30, 1649 - September 3, 1651
1653 - 1660
May 29, 1660

England

871 - 899
899 - 924
924 - October 27, 939
October 27, 939 - May 26, 946
May 26, 946 - November 23, 955
November 23, 955 - October 1, 959
October 1, 959 - July 8, 975
July 8, 975 - March 18, 978
March 18, 978 - 1013
1013 - February 3, 1014
February 3, 1014 - April 23, 1016
April 23, 1016 - October 18, 1016
October 18, 1016 - November 12, 1035
November 12, 1035 - March 17, 1040
March 17, 1040 - June 8, 1042
June 8, 1042 - January 5, 1066
January 5, 1066 - October 14, 1066
October 14, 1066 - December 10, 1066
December 25, 1066 - September 9, 1087
September 9, 1087 - August 2, 1100
August 2, 1100 - December 1, 1135
December 22, 1135 - April 7, 1141
April 7, 1141 - November 1, 1141
November 1, 1141 - October 25, 1154
October 25, 1154 - July 6, 1189
July 6, 1189 - April 6, 1199
April 6, 1199 - October 19, 1216
October 19, 1216 - November 16, 1272
November 16, 1272 - July 7, 1307
July 7, 1307 - January 25, 1327
February 1,1327 - June 21, 1377
June 21, 1377 - September 30, 1399
September 30, 1399 - March 20, 1413
March 20, 1413 - August 31, 1422
August 31, 1422 - March 4, 1461
March 4, 1461 - October 3, 1470
October 30, 1470 - April 11, 1471
April 11, 1471 - April 9, 1483
April 9, 1483 - June 26, 1483
June 26, 1483 - August 22, 1485
August 22, 1485 - April 21, 1509
April 21, 1509 - January 28, 1547
January 28, 1547 - July 6, 1553
July 10, 1553 - July 19, 1553
July 19, 1553 - November 17, 1558
November 17, 1558 - March 24, 1603
March 24, 1603 - March 27, 1625
March 27, 1625 - January 30, 1649
May 19, 1649 - May 29, 1660
May 29, 1660 - February 6, 1685
February 6, 1685 - December 11, 1688
February 13, 1689 - December 28, 1694
February 13, 1689 - March 8, 1702
March 8, 1702 - May 1, 1707
May 1, 1707

Great Britain

May 1, 1707 - August 1, 1714
August 1, 1714 - June 11, 1727
June 11, 1727 - October 25, 1760
October 25, 1760 - January 29, 1820
January 29, 1820 - June 26, 1830
June 26, 1830 - June 20, 1837
June 20, 1837 - January 22, 1901
January 22, 1901 - May 6, 1910
May 6, 1910 - January 20, 1936
January 20, 1936 - December 11, 1936
December 11, 1936 - February 6, 1952
February 6, 1952 - Present

Republic of Ireland

June 25, 1938 - June 24, 1945
June 25, 1945 - June 24, 1959
June 25, 1959 - June 24, 1973
June 25, 1973 - November 17, 1974
December 19, 1974 - October 22, 1976
December 3, 1976 - December 2, 1990
December 3, 1990 - September 12, 1997
November 11, 1997 - November 10, 2011
November 11, 2011 - Present

Denmark

936 - 956
958 - 986
986 - February 3, 1014
February 3, 1014 - 1018
1018 - November 12, 1035
November 12, 1035 - June 8, 1042
June 8, 1042 - October 25, 1047
October 25, 1047 - April 28, 1074
April 28, 1074 - April 17, 1080
April 17, 1080 - July 10, 1086
July 10, 1086 - August 18, 1095
August 18, 1095 - July 10, 1103
1104 - June 25, 1134
June 25, 1134 - July 18, 1137
July 18, 1137 - 1146
1146 - October 23, 1157
October 23, 1157 - May 12, 1182
May 12, 1182 - November 12, 1202
November 12, 1202 - March 28, 1241
March 28, 1241 - August 9, 1250
November 1, 1250 - June 29, 1252
June 29, 1252 - May 29, 1259
May 29, 1259 - November 22, 1286
November 22, 1286 - November 13, 1319
January 1320 - 1326
1326 - 1329
1329 - August 2, 1332
June 21, 1340 - October 24, 1375
May 3, 1376 - August 23, 1387
August 10, 1387 - October 28, 1412
1396 - 1439
April 9, 1440 - January 5, 1448
September 1, 1448 - May 21, 1481
May 21, 1481 - February 20, 1513
July 22, 1513 - January 20, 1523
January 20, 1523 - April 10, 1533
1534 - January 1, 1559
January 1, 1559 - April 4, 1588
April 4, 1588 - February 28, 1648
May 1, 1648 - February 9, 1670
February 9, 1670 - August 25, 1699
August 25, 1699 - October 12, 1730
October 12, 1730 - August 6, 1746
August 6, 1746 - January 14, 1766
January 14, 1766 - March 13, 1808
March 13, 1808 - December 3, 1839
December 3, 1839 - January 20, 1848
January 20, 1848 - November 15, 1863
November 15, 1863 - January 29, 1906
January 29, 1906 - May 14, 1912
May 14, 1912 - April 20, 1947
April 20, 1947 - January 14, 1972
January 14, 1972 - Present

Norway

872 - 932
929 - 934
934 - 960
961 - 970
970 - 986
986 - 995
995 - 1000
999 - February 3, 1014
1015 - 1028
1028 - November 12, 1035
November 12, 1035 - October 25, 1047
1046 - September 25, 1066
September 25, 1066 - April 28, 1069
1067 - September 1093
September 1093 - August 24, 1103
August 24, 1103 - March 26, 1130
August 24, 1103 - August 29, 1123
March 26, 1130 - 1135
March 26, 1130 - December 14, 1136
1136 - February 6, 1155
1136 - February 13, 1161
1137 - November 12, 1139
1142 - 1157
1157 - July 7, 1162
1161 - June 15, 1184
June 15, 1184 - March 9, 1202
March 9, 1202 - January 1, 1204
January 2, 1204 - August 11, 1204
August 11, 1204 - April 23, 1217
June 1217 - December 16, 1263
December 16, 1263 - May 9, 1280
May 9, 1280 - July 15, 1299
July 15, 1299 - May 8, 1319
August 1319 - August 15, 1343
August 15, 1343 - 1380
July 29, 1380 - August 23, 1387
August 3, 1387 - October 28, 1412
1389 - 1442
1396 - 1439
June 1442 - January 5, 1448
November 20, 1449 - June 1450
May 13, 1450 - May 21, 1481
July 20, 1483 - February 20, 1513

Sweden

970 - 995
995 - 1022
1022 - 1050
1050 - 1060
1060 - 1066
1066 - 1067
1067 - 1070
1070 - 1075
1075 - 1079
1079 - 1084
1084 - 1087
1087 - 1105
1105 - 1118
1110 - 1125
1125 - 1126
1125 - December 25, 1156
1126 - 1130
December 25, 1156 - May 18, 1160
May 19, 1160 - 1161
1161 - April 12, 1167
April 12, 1167 - 1196
1196 - January 31, 1208
January 31, 1208 - April 10, 1216
April 10, 1216 - March 10, 1222
June 1222 - November 29, 1229
November 29, 1229 - 1234
1234 - February 2, 1250
March 1250 - July 22, 1275
July 22, 1275 - December 18, 1290
December 18, 1290 - April 1318
June 27, 1318 - July 8, 1319
July 8, 1319 - February 15, 1364
October 17, 1356 - June 20, 1359
February 15, 1362 - February 15, 1364
February 15, 1364 - February 24, 1389
February 24, 1389 - October 28, 1412
July 23, 1396 - September 24, 1439
January 13, 1435 - May 4, 1436
October 1438 - October 1440
1441 - January 5, 1448
January 6, 1448 - June 20, 1448
June 20, 1448 - February 24, 1457
March 1457 - June 23, 1457
June 23, 1457 - June 23, 1464
August 9, 1464 - January 30, 1465
December 26, 1464 - August 11, 1465
August 11, 1465 - October 18, 1466
October 18, 1466 - November 12, 1467
November 12, 1467 - May 15, 1470
May 16, 1470 - October 6, 1497
October 6, 1497 - August 1501
November 12, 1501 - December 14, 1503
January 21, 1504 - January 2, 1512

Finland