On this date in Newport, members of Newport s Free African Benevolent Society advertise for students for one of the earliest African organized private schools in America


The congregation under the Congdon Street Baptist Church is established as the first independent African heritage church in Rhode Island


African heritage men are barred from voting in Rhode Island


A race riot takes place that destroys a predominately African heritage community in Providence called Hard Scrabble. A second race riot occurs in 1831in a nearby neighborhood called Snowtown


Pond Street Free Baptist Church organized in Providence


Alfred Niger and George Willis of Providence represent Rhode Island in the first American Society of Free Persons of Colour Convention in Philadelphia


The first public school for African heritage children is established on Meeting Street in Providence


As an aftermath to the Dorr Rebellion, at the November session of the General Assembly of Rhode Island meeting at Newport, the Rhode Island Constitution is revised and ratified giving African heritage men among others the right to vote, but not Narraganset Indians


An African Church is located on Wood Street in Bristol. Building also housed a school for African heritage children


Starting in Roger Williams Park and later at Rocky Point and Crescent Park, the Rhode Island African heritage community would come together annually to celebrate the British and later American Slavery Emancipation


Thomas Howland becomes first African heritage man elected to public office in Providence as Warden of the Third Ward


Newport and Providence African heritage leaders begin a movement to fully integrate public schools in Rhode Island


Isaac Rice homestead at the corner of William and Thomas streets in Newport is used as an Underground Railroad stop


The Federal Civil Rights Act declares that all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition stating, All persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall have the same right in every State and Territory to make and enforce contracts, to sue, be parties, give evidence, and to the full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of persons and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains, penalties, taxes, licenses, and exactions of every kind, and to no other.


Led by George T. Downing, the integration of public schools in Rhode Island is enacted stating, No distinction shall be made on account of the race or color of the applicant.


The Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified prohibiting the restriction of voting rights on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.


The Union Colored Congregational Church building is completed and becomes a focal place for religious, civic and political meetings in Newport


Rev. Mahlon Van Horne becomes the first African heritage person elected to a Rhode Island public school board in Newport


White and Colored political and civic leaders come together to raise funds to send a Newport delegation to the National Colored Convention


Rhode Island General Assembly would repeal a Colonial Era Act prohibiting interracial marriages


The United States Supreme Court declares the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional and declares the Fourteenth Amendment forbids states, but not citizens, from discriminating


Rev. Mahlon Van Horne of Newport becomes the first African heritage person elected to the General Assembly of Rhode Island


Led by Rev. Mahlon Van Horne and George T. Downing, Rhode Island General Assembly enacts a law that secures all persons within the State their civil rights declaring no person within the jurisdiction of this state shall be debarred from the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities and privileges of any licensed inns, public conveyances, on land or water, or from any licensed places of public amusement, on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.


The Rhode Island Democratic Party forms an Equal Rights Ticket. John W. Davis is elected Governor and his progressive administration was known for giving foreign-born residents the same voting rights as native-born citizens and expanding suffrage to women.


The first African American owned and operated newspaper in New England, the Torchlight is established by John C. Minkins in Providence


John Hope graduates from Brown University and later becomes President of Morehouse College


Rhode Island enacts General Law, Chapter 277 that all persons within the jurisdiction of this state shall be entitled to the full and equal accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of any place of public accommodation, resort or amusement.


The National Association of Colored Women s Clubs is organized in Washington, DC. Newport businesswoman, Mary Dickerson organizes a Rhode Island Chapter and the Women s League Newport. A major political campaign for the Clubs is advocating for Anti-Lynching Laws.


The United States Supreme Court issues Plessy v. Ferguson ruling deciding that separate but equal facilities satisfy Fourteenth Amendment guarantees, thus giving legal sanction to Jim Crow segregation laws


The Sumner Political Club is organized by George T. Downing, Thomas G. Williams and others in Newport to support political awareness and voting rights of men of color in Newport.


Providence born, William A. Heathman becomes the first African American to be sworn in as an attorney in Rhode Island. He would later become a founder of the Providence NAACP.