Shows growth of discovery, trade, interest in business, privateering.
Sells Church lands for money for war, increases strength of nobility and down the road Parliament.
Competition with Spain, Spain making many conquests.
Letters of Reprisal, Maritime Power, Advanced Technology, Increased Trade, Discovery.
Financial problems, only fights when necessary, like Scots in 1571.
Moves through Ireland establishing authority, continues surrender and regrant. Says it's just business, unlike Canny's argument.
Increased agrarian culture in Ireland, plantations, become dependent on English market, English population grows.
Colonies can only export to England on English ships with crews of mostly English sailors. Hurst economy in the short-run, makes Cromwell unpopular, helps in the long run.