Henry VIII movement away from Pope
Kept people from appealing to outside courts, including Catherine, put Henry VIII in charge of church, movement away from Catholicism.
Movement away from the Pope, Henry tacking control of English churches
More land for the monarchy, most people go along with Henry VIII out of fear, following the nobles and clergy.
Revolt, people have problem with Henry VIII throwing out the Pope
Required Political Office-Holders to swear to the Church of England
England thought of as "Island of Protestantism", wanted Scotland to be a part of that for strength. Scottish religious and political system very different from England.
Protestants used to show the horror of Catholics
English felt that God was on their side
Need to be Protestant for state office, penalties against Catholics and non-conformists.
Religious Tolerance under James II, alienates the anti-Catholic elite, London merchants.
Must be Protestant to ascend the throne, attack on William III as well, can't fight wars without Parliament consent.