Humanist thinker, wrote divine comedy
The "father of humanism."
The papacy was moved to Avignon, France. Money that was being sent to the church, was not being sent to Avignon. With that resulted in the Great Schism
Boccaccio was a pioneer of humanist studies.
John's writings and ideas gave Lollards in England ideas to justify their demands. Lollards preached in the vernacular disseminated translation of Holy Scripture. Lollards prominent aamong the groups that had something tangible to gain from.
The Hundreds Years War occurred because problems had arrose between the English King trying to intervene in the French throne. The Hundreds Years War was a battle for national Identity and control of territory.
one third of the population was dead, it shook up the economy, and the feudal system was cracking because of the plague.
Wanted to secure their rights, French privileged classes froced the peasants to pay every increasing tax. Being to much to handle the peasants rose up in rebellions called Jacqueries.
Christian movement following the teachings of Czech reformist John Huss.
Changed the ways of thinking into, rational and statistical apporach to reality, and rediscover the individual.
As a result in the moving of the papacy, Rome elected another Pope of their own. Neither Popes were willing to step down from power. As a result of the Great Schism kings are not beginning to draw power.
Portugal began exploring North Africa because of trade for new spices and capturing slaves. Spain sailed to America and colonized and monopolized the American lands
Witch hunts began as an excuse for the poorer economy at the time. Eventually the witch hunts stopped because the economy was once again restored to it's "original beings."
the council asserted its supremacy and elected a new pope, Marvin V. The success of the council was the election of Marvin V.
Due to the printing press the idea of one and others could spread faster. it was a key factor in the reformation.
Columbus brought back to Spain the Americas empire. The Spanish colonies supplies goods for Spain
Erasmus wanted to combine the ideas of humanity and civic virtue with the Christian ideal of love piety. Believed people were more reliable than the Theologians thought. Disliked the scholatics
The marriage of these two united all of Spain. Protestant reformation never occurred.
In the northern renaissance, it was a time of transition from medieval to modern times.more free thinking, and rebirth of the older thoughts of philosophers. Humanism was present in the Northern Renaissance
Wrote 95 theses to discuss his view on the current day religion (Christianity). Which later led to the creation of a new religion. Faith alone
In the Americas, the encountering of Europeans caused wide spread diseases throughout America
Church in Italy loses power= France invading weak Italy
Replaced by indus. rev. created new desire for trade
Henry VIII declared himself supreme ruler. Creation of parliament, changes in religion must go through parliament.
"Warrior Pope." Fought many wars.
Established separate religions within England. Imposed six articles.
Creator/ leader of new religion called Calvinism. Predestination.
Political guide of how to rule, for rulers
Discussion on the ideas of Christianity, which resulted in creation of new religion and reformation.
Style of art discovered in the later Renascence period: multi-colored, definition of muscle, not very secular. More realistic
Assembly held in Worm by the HRE. In response to Luther and Pros. ref. excommunicated Luther.
Luther's ideas influenced the uprising and revolts of peasants against the nobles. Luther was against this because he had to take the nobles sides for they kept him safe from the Church. Condemned the peasants
Reformation=creation of many other religions. After Reformation, pluralism steadily became a fact of Western religious life. The Reformation= many religion appearing.
Stabilized England by preventing religious differences from destroying England= putting the state first not religion. (Current religion under Elizabeth= Protestant.
Leader of the Neterlands, protecting them against Spain. Cared about bettering the state. Did not care too much about religion.
Made Henry VIII supreme ruler/head