The papacy was moved to Avignon, France. Money that was being sent to the church, was not being sent to Avignon. With that resulted in the Great Schism
1313 - 1375
Boccaccio was a pioneer of humanist studies.
Lollards, John Wycliffe
1328 - 1384
John's writings and ideas gave Lollards in England ideas to justify their demands. Lollards preached in the vernacular disseminated translation of Holy Scripture. Lollards prominent aamong the groups that had something tangible to gain from.
The Hundreds Years War
1337 - 1453
The Hundreds Years War occurred because problems had arrose between the English King trying to intervene in the French throne. The Hundreds Years War was a battle for national Identity and control of territory.
1348 - 1350
one third of the population was dead, it shook up the economy, and the feudal system was cracking because of the plague.
June 1358 - July 1358
Wanted to secure their rights, French privileged classes froced the peasants to pay every increasing tax. Being to much to handle the peasants rose up in rebellions called Jacqueries.
Hussites, John Huss
1369 - 1415
Christian movement following the teachings of Czech reformist John Huss.
Rennissance in Italy
1375 - 1527
Changed the ways of thinking into, rational and statistical apporach to reality, and rediscover the individual.
The great schism
1378 - 1417
As a result in the moving of the papacy, Rome elected another Pope of their own. Neither Popes were willing to step down from power. As a result of the Great Schism kings are not beginning to draw power.
Early Exporaltion(Portugal and Spain)
1394 - 1521
Portugal began exploring North Africa because of trade for new spices and capturing slaves. Spain sailed to America and colonized and monopolized the American lands
1400 - 1700
Witch hunts began as an excuse for the poorer economy at the time. Eventually the witch hunts stopped because the economy was once again restored to it's "original beings."
Council of Constance
1414 - 1418
the council asserted its supremacy and elected a new pope, Marvin V. The success of the council was the election of Marvin V.
Printing Press, Guttenberg
January 1, 1440 - January 2, 1440
Due to the printing press the idea of one and others could spread faster. it was a key factor in the reformation.
1451 - 1536
Columbus brought back to Spain the Americas empire. The Spanish colonies supplies goods for Spain
1466 - 1504
Erasmus wanted to combine the ideas of humanity and civic virtue with the Christian ideal of love piety. Believed people were more reliable than the Theologians thought. Disliked the scholatics
Ferdinand and Issabella
1474 - 1504
The marriage of these two united all of Spain. Protestant reformation never occurred.
1480 - 1550
In the northern renaissance, it was a time of transition from medieval to modern times.more free thinking, and rebirth of the older thoughts of philosophers. Humanism was present in the Northern Renaissance
1483 - 1546
Wrote 95 theses to discuss his view on the current day religion (Christianity). Which later led to the creation of a new religion. Faith alone
1492 - 1619
In the Americas, the encountering of Europeans caused wide spread diseases throughout America
1494 - 1527
Church in Italy loses power= France invading weak Italy
1500 - 1750
Replaced by indus. rev. created new desire for trade
1500 - 1553
Henry VIII declared himself supreme ruler. Creation of parliament, changes in religion must go through parliament.
Pope Julius II
1503 - 1513
"Warrior Pope." Fought many wars.
1509 - 1547
Established separate religions within England. Imposed six articles.
John Calvin, Geneva
1509 - 1564
Creator/ leader of new religion called Calvinism. Predestination.
The Prince Machiavelli
January 1513 - February 1513
Political guide of how to rule, for rulers
1517 - 1518
Discussion on the ideas of Christianity, which resulted in creation of new religion and reformation.
1520 - 1580
Style of art discovered in the later Renascence period: multi-colored, definition of muscle, not very secular. More realistic
Diet of Worms
1521 - 1522
Assembly held in Worm by the HRE. In response to Luther and Pros. ref. excommunicated Luther.
German Peasants Revolts
1524 - 1525
Luther's ideas influenced the uprising and revolts of peasants against the nobles. Luther was against this because he had to take the nobles sides for they kept him safe from the Church. Condemned the peasants
Dutch Golden Age
1527 - 1702
1529 - 1558
Reformation=creation of many other religions. After Reformation, pluralism steadily became a fact of Western religious life. The Reformation= many religion appearing.
1533 - 1603
Stabilized England by preventing religious differences from destroying England= putting the state first not religion. (Current religion under Elizabeth= Protestant.
William of Orange
1533 - 1584
Leader of the Neterlands, protecting them against Spain. Cared about bettering the state. Did not care too much about religion.