Conflict and fighting between England and France (and allies) for control of the French throne. Monarchies demanded more loyalty from lords. Edward lll had the cloak over French throne. The churches were divided, and political and religious aroused.
The Black Death
1346 - 1350
Disease that spread carried on the fleas of rats along trade routes between Europe and Asia.
The Golden Bull
The agreement that established a electoral college of seven German princes that voted on the Holy Roman Emperor.
A revolt of French peasants
Council of Constance
1414 - 1417
Pope Martin V was elected to take over all the popes places. The end of the Great Schism.
1466 - 1536
Humanist who wrote Julius excluded from heaven
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
They married to better the efficiency to which they ruled Spain.
1492 - 1698
Europe and the New World exchange agriculture, livestock, culture, disease, and religion.
Start of Spanish Exploration -Columbus
Beginning of colonial empires. "Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492"
1500 - 1700
The revolution of consumer good.
1500 - 1600
The capturing and killing of women who were thought as being "witches." Thought to be more powerful than god.
1509 - 1547
He was the King of Europe. Divorced his wife, Catherine of Aragon, because she did not give her the male heir he needed to continue his family.
1517 - 1563
The reformation of the Catholic Church establishing Protestantism. Religious movement.
German Peasants Revolt
1524 - 1525
Leaded by the ideas of Luther. Later on Luther was known to be unchristian but the revolt lead to the death of 100,000 peasants.
Council of Trent
1545 - 1563
Council of churches To reassertion church doctrine. Called by Charles V
1550 - 1850
Farmers learned how to grow crops more efficiently through several new advancements in agricultural technology. Rotating of crops etc.
Elizabeth of England
1553 - 1558
Elizabeth passed The Thirty Nine Articles and established the monarchy
Mary l of England
1553 - 1558
She was married to Philip II of Spain. All the protestants feared her and thousands were killed when she was in power
The French Religious Wars
1562 - 1598
Between Hugenots and Catholics. Henry made peace with Protestant catholics
Thirty Nine Articles
Written by Elizabeth Declared Protestantism the official religion of England
Dutch revolt against Spain
In order to stop the spread of Cathlocism to Netherlands Ducth revolted against Philip ll
Pacification of Ghent
A treaty of the Hapsburg Provinence to get rid of Spain from the country. Resulting in peace.
Union of Utretcht
Rid Philip of his power
The army attempts to overthrow Elizabeth but fails.
Henry lV- France
1589 - 1610
Henry tried to protect France from the catholic radicals. Henry took over after Henry III to fix the problems with the catholic church. Said the famous quote “Paris is worth a mass"
Edict of Nantes
Gave the French prosperity and Liberty but ended with a civil war.
James l - England
1603 - 1625
The son of Mary Queen of Scotts. He ruled England with a divided court. He created a new bible
Henry Vl Assination
Henry was killed by a catholic after writing the Edict of Nantes
1610 - 1643
He was the French King with his advisor Cardinal Richelieu. Made up the leading power of Europe. Defeated the Spanish of multiple occasions.
Charles l -England
1625 - 1649
Divine right and taxed without parliaments consent. In the end he was executed.
James ll - England
1633 - 1701
Rule was taken away after the Glorious Revoultion. William of Orange took his place. Last catholic ruler.
Long Parliament/Short Parliament
1640 - 1648
King can not get rid of the Parliament without their consent.
English Civil War
1642 - 1646
Charles I declines his rule and then the Parliament and Cromwell take over making England a Puritan Republic.
Louis XVl- Mazarin
1643 - 1661
Tried to taxed nobles, ended in riot
Treaty of Westphailia
This ends the Thirty Years War. Calvanism is now legal. Prussia and Austria are now German states.
1649 - 1652
Civil War occurring in France that made the government move to Versailles.
Age of Mercantilisim
1650 - 1670
Time when government regulated trade. Resources were limited and colonies serve the motherland.
William of Orange
1650 - 1702
He ruled Holland and led Europe against France. William III gained leadership then died in 1702.
Academic of Sciences - London
Philopspher met in meetings to discuss ideas and to collaberate on scientific thoughts.
Charles ll- England
1660 - 1665
He made the first monarch after the Puritan Republic.
1661 - 1751
Moved the court to Versailles. Created a sales tax.
Peter the Great
1682 - 1775
He westernized Europe, improved taxes, took power from nobles, and bettered the life for his people. All about the westernization and modernizing everything.
The Restoration & Glorious Revolution
William of Orange took the throne and signed the English Bill of Rights along with Mary II.
English Bill of Rights
William of Orange signed the Bill of Rights which gave civil liberties to classes and limited the government.
Decline of Netherlands
Netherlands decline due to political failures
1700 - 1850
The Great Northern War- RussiaVSweden
1700 - 1721
Russia wins and gains territory on the black sea.
Act of Settlement
An Act passed by Parliament to settle the succession to the English throne to Sophia of Hanover
War of Spanish Sucession
1701 - 1714
Charles II had no male heir when he was dying. This war included Louis XIV of France, Maria Teresa of Austria, Leopold I of HRE, Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria.
Death of William lll - England
The Orange dynasty fails without its strong powerful monarch
Charles lV -Austria
Passed by the Holy Roman Empire. The Possessions of the Hapsburgs could be inherited by the daughters.
Frederick Wilhelm/ Prussian Militarianism
1713 - 1740
Increased Puritans military power
Treaty of Utretcht
Peace treaties that ended the War of Spanish Succession. Ducke of Anjou is now king. France and Spain are still not united.
Death of Louis XlV
John Law didn’t have the money to cash out his gold and silver. The bubble burst and put France in trouble.
Dominance of Robert Walpole
1721 - 1742
First Prime Minister of Britian. He had influence in the Parliamentary
War of Jenkins Ear
1739 - 1742
Frederick the Great of Prussia
1740 - 1786
The Enlightened Despot of Prussia. Declared himself ‘The First Servant of the State’. He made religious toleration, freedom of press, educational and agricultural reforms, and expanded his territory.