The Italian City-State:
Were prosperous due to geographical location, commerce increased greatly which opened up markets fo them to dominate and monopolize. Became the bankers of Europe. Were independent and expanding. For factions arose: Grandi(old rich), popolo grosso(new rich), the smaller business people, and the popolo minuto.
An educational program built on rhetoric and scholarship for their own sake. Traits: Individualism, classicalism, rhetoric, studying the original sources.
Humanists wanted educational reform.
Renaissance Art: Mannerism. Portrayed humanism, focus on the individual. Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo
Slavery in the Renaissance: