The English show up in North America and Queen Elizabeth I sets up the Roanoke Island Colony.
The English set up the first permanent settlement in North America at Jamestown, settling on what they call the James River.
Virginia is founded by John Smith and the Virginia Company.
Henry Hudson claims New Netherland for the Dutch, founds what will become New York City.
Settled in 1620 by the Pilgrims. Plymouth was merged into the Province of Massachusetts Bay in the charter of 1691.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Puritans from England settle in what they call the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Maryland was founded in 1632 as a proprietary colony.
Connecticut is established by Royal Charter in 1636 with Thomas Hooker.
Rhode Island Establishment
Rhode Island is established in 1636 by Roger Williams because he was banished from Massachusetts.
A group of Dutch merchants establish Dutch Delaware in 1638.
Province of Carolina
Founded in 1663. Carolina colony was divided into two colonies, North Carolina and South Carolina, in 1712. Both colonies became royal colonies in 1729.
New Amsterdam no longer
The Dutch formally turn over New Amsterdam to the British in 1667 who name it New York.
William Penn's Pennsylvania
King Charles II of England formally grants William Penn a land charter in the New World which he turns into Pennsylvania.
Dominion of New England
Great Britain created the Dominion of New England in the present day New England in the United States. It composed of present-day Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey.
Territory of the Original 13 States
At the end of the American Revolution, Great Britain ceded what we know as the original 13 states to the United States.
Treaty of Paris
March 5, 1783
This treaty ended the French and Indian War during which the British gave up everything from the Atlantic to the Mississippi River. Loyalist were offered a free trip to Canada.
March 5, 1803
In the Louisiana Purchase, the United States bought all of Louisiana from France for $15 million. With this purchase, they more than doubled their landmass and they now controlled the port of New Orleans.
Treaty of 1818
October 20, 1818
In the Treaty of 1818, the United States gained land from Britain in present day North Dakota and Minnesota. In exchange, both nations were granted joint control in the Oregon Country for ten years.
The Adams-Onís Treaty was a treaty between the United States and Spain in which Spain ceded Florida to the US in two parts, East Florida (modern day Florida) and West Florida (the southernmost parts of Mississippi and Alabama). The US also redefined their territory line along the 32N, the Sabine and Arkansas Rivers, and the 42N all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
The United States annexed Texas in 1845 and admitted it into the Union as its 28th state. With this new state, the US also adopted Texas' border scuffles which lead to the Mexican-American War of 1848-1848.
June 15, 1846
The Oregon Treaty was a treaty between Britain and the United States. In this treaty, the border between British and American claims was set at the 49th parallel. It was negotiated by James Buchanan and Richard Pakenham.
In the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexico ceded what is now the southwest United States to the United States.
December 30, 1853
The US purchased what is now southern Arizona and southwest New Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase. The treaty was signed by the then US ambassador to Mexico, James Gadsden, for $10 million.
Secession of South Carolina
December 20, 1860
South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union.
Secession of Mississippi
January 9, 1861
Mississippi was the second state to secede from the Union and later formed the Confederate States of America.
Secession of Florida
January 10, 1861
Florida was the third state to secede from the Union only one day after Mississippi.
Secession of Alabama
January 11, 1861
Alabama was the fourth state to secede from the Union, only a day behind Florida.
Secession of Georgia
January 19, 1861
Georgia was the fifth state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
Secession of Louisiana
January 26, 1861
Louisiana was the sixth state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
Secession of Texas
February 1, 1861
Texas was the seventh state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
Secession of Virginia
April 17, 1861
Virginia was the eigth state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
Secession of Arkansas
May 6, 1861
Arkansas was the ninth state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
Secession of Tennessee
May 7, 1861
Tennessee was the tenth state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
Secession of North Carolina
May 20, 1861
North Carolina was the eleventh and final state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
End of the American Civil War
April 9, 1865
General Lee surrenders to Grant and the Union is restored.