Father of humanism.
The pope lived in Avigon.
Italian Humanist, talked about Human behavior.
Believed man should be able to question the church.
Gave France a nationality broke from England.
Plague hit Europe taking power from the church.
A German committee to elect a emperor.
Peasant rebellions during 100 year war.
Killed for speaking against church.
New art rose in Italy.
Two popes trying for the church.
People burned for being "witches".
Followers of John Huss beliefs.
Ended The Great Schism.
Allowed for knowledge to be spread through text much easier.
Art rising in the north. Carving of blocks was popular.
Renaissance replaced Gothic Art.
Aargon and Castile came together over their marriage.
Humanist that disagreed with church, forced to recant.
Exploration overseas. Lead to discoveries of new trade routes.
Found Americas, leading to destruction of the Incas/Aztecs.
Trade from Europe to Americas.
Italy falling due to french invasion, ended Italian renaissance.
Got the french out of Italy.
King of England created the English Church.
Wrote the Prince, how to be a good leader.
Converted England back to Catholicism.
Ended Holy Roman Empire, created more religions.
Letter towards the church showing them their wrongs.
A group trying to make Luther recant, eventually outlawing him.
Revolts due to Luther's idea of religion.
Founder of Calvinism
Ended popes control over the church thus giving it to the king.
Leader of Netherlands army.
Catholic sub group, against the reformation.
Copernicus wrote about the heliocentric model.
A council of church for counter reformation.
An art style with immense detail.
Allowed ruler to chose the religion of the state.
Had religious tolerance, executed Mary of Scots.
Huguenots vs France led to religious tolerance.
Made protestant the religion of England.
Very popular English play writer.
Sent to end protestant movement in Netherlands.
Spanish Netherlands began to revolt against Spain.
Brahe's assistant, explained planets orbit.
during french wars, French killed 20k Huguenots.
Had best sea trade, and a stable country.
Massacre by Spanish, lead to rebellion towards Spain.
Response to Union of Arras
Father of empiricism
Tried to invade England to impose Catholicism, failed.
Philosopher that supported absolute monarchy.
Leader of France created Edict of Nantes.
Demand for goods and supply evened out allowing for a easier life.
Mathematician. Said don't need god to think.
Gave religious freedom to France.
Was a art style used by Michelangelo.
Scientist that helped support earth centered galaxy.
King of England, caused religious problems.
Found enlightenment in Catholicism.
Book written by Kepler proved orbit of planets.
Killed by radical Catholic.
Mathematician, Influenced social sciences.
Destruction of Holy Roman Empire.
Book written by Bacon.
Believed absolute monarchy was the best
Ignored parliament, ended up being killed in English revolution.
In trouble with church for supporting heliocentric model.
Written by Descartes in which he rejected scholastic philosophy.
Charles called them for 1 month to raise funds but disbanded them for wanting to much power.
Parliament met for 20 years.
Parliament took full control over English throne.
French nobility rebelled against royalty, failing.
Period when Europe began to change it ways to the individual.
Improved of farming techniques to increase production.
Hobbes writings about the revolution him supporting the monarchy.
Gained English throne after Cromwell.
Place for scientists to discus and share ideas.
Charles II took back the throne.
Introduced Modern ideas into Russia.
Louis XIV revocted the Edict of Nantes
Fought with parliament being dethroned.
William of Orange took the Throne.
Gave citizens rights that could not be taken.
Locke believed government was meant to protect.
Philosopher that believed in religious tolerance. Wrote Candide.
Art style using Greek and Roman styles.
Peter the Great trying to get a port to the sea. Failing
started because Phillip V became leader of England.
After William Orange, they had no military leader.
Philosopher, believed in the common good.
Ended Spanish War of Succession.
Made Prussia strong through its army.
Should make Charles VI daughter ruler, failed due to her being a woman.
Left France weak.
France economy crashes due to loans.
An art style emerging.
Control over House of Commons.
Believed in Laizze-faire.
Improved production of cotton.
Between Spain and English, over merchants.
Took Austrian throne.
Reformed and modernized Prussia.
Prussia and France vs Austria and England. Over Austria territory.
Creation of technology to allow factory's and mass production.
England allied with Prussia and France with Austria.
France lost all its territory in North America.
Defender of women rights.
Rousseau's perfect government guidelines.
Enlightened leader of Prussia.
Ended seven years war.
Used the concept of Mercantilism in colonies.
Absolute monarch of Austria.
Economist, believed middle class would lower.
Rebellion of American colonies for England.
Economic book written by Adam Smith.
States all men are born free and Equal.
The French Revolution was common people of the third estate rebelling due to lack of food and a poor leader. Through many acts of change Louis XVI was killed and eventually a new monarch was put into place.