AP Euro, Semester 1

Main

Dante

1265 - 1321

Lollards (John Wycliff)

1300 - 1400

-Wycliff: believed that merit made a good priest, not rank; Donatism: believing that what the clergy said was false and only worked if clergyman was a good person

Petrarch

1304 - 1374

Avignon Papacy (Babylonian Captivity)

1309 - 1377

-Pope Boniface writes Unam Sanctum
-popes humiliated by kings
-papacy moved to Avignon, France

Boccoccio

1313 - 1375

Hundred Years War

1347 - 1453

Causes:
1. Controversy over succession
2. French land owned by England
3. Conflict over Flanders
4. Struggle for French national identity
5, Military characteristics
6. French advantage

Black Death

1348 - 1350

-came from fleas brought by rats on trade ships
-cities population down 60-70%
-rural population down 30-40%

The Golden Bull

1356

Jacquerie

1358

Rennaissance in Italy

1375 - 1527

-trying to bring back old Roman/Greek ideals
-Italian City-States
-Medici: richest family
Humanism: interest in the individual, liberal arts, found classic scrolls to teach people,

The Great Schism

1378 - 1417

-two popes
-Italian: Urban V
-French: Clement VIII
Plentitude of Power: centralization of church
Edward I removes protection over church

Witch Hunts

1400 - 1700

Agricultural Revolution

1400 - 1800

Hussites (John Huss)

1403 - 1415

religious reform leader influenced by Wycliff

Council of Constance

1414 - 1418

Julius II

1443 - 1514

Mannerism

1450

High Rennaissance

1450

Northern Rennaissance

1450

Revival of Monarchies

1450 - 1550

-monarchies took control over churches again

Printing Press - Johann Gutenburg

1460

-invented movable type

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Ferdinand and Isabella

1469 - 1515

Henry VII

1485 - 1509

Henry VIII

1491 - 1547

Columbus/Spanish Empire

1492

Columbian Exchange

1493

Machiavelli - "The Prince"

1513

Martin Luther's 95 Theses

October 31, 1517

Diet of Worms

1521

Diet of Worms

1521

William the Silent

1533 - 1584

Jesuits

1534

Act of Supremacy

1534

Copernicus- "On Heavenly Spheres"

1539

John Calvin/Geneva

1541 - 1549

Copernicus- "On the Revolution of Heavenly Spheres"

1543

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

Peace of Augsburg

1547

Consumer Revolution

1550 - 1800

Mary I (Bloody Mary)

1553 - 1558

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

Francis Bacon

1561 - 1626

Shakespeare

1564 - 1616

King James I

1567 - 1603

Revolt in the Spanish Netherlands

1568 - 1648

Henry IV

1572 - 1610

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Pacification of Ghent

1576

Union of Utrecht

1579

United Netherlands

1581 - 1795

Death of Mary Stuart

1587

Spanish Armada

1587

Edict of Nantes

1598

Baroque Art

1600

Dutch Golden Age

1600 - 1700

Don Quixote

1605 - 1615

Kepler- "A New Astronomy"

1609

King Louis XIII

1610 - 1643

Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

Blaise Pascal

1623 - 1662

Charles I

1625 - 1649

King Charles II

1630 - 1685

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Galileo Condemned

1633

Descartes- "Discourse on Method"

1637

Short Parliament

1640

Long Parliament

1640 - 1660

The Fronde

1648 - 1659

Hobbes- "Leviathan"

1651

Academies of Science

1660

Peter the Great

1682 - 1725

Revocation of the Edict of Nantes

1685

King James II

1685 - 1701

Frederick Wilhelm

1688 - 1740

Rococo Art

1699 - 1800

The Great Northern War

1700 - 1721

Neoclassicism

1700 - 1800

Robert Walpole's Reign

1701 - 1742

Act of Settlement

1701

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

King Charles VI

1711 - 1740

Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Steam Engine

1712

Treaty of Utrecht

1713

Death of Louis XIV

1715

Maria Theresa

1717 - 1780

Mississippi Bubble

1720 - 1800

War of Jenkins Ear

1739 - 1748

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Frederick II the Great

1740 - 1786

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

Seven Years' War

1754 - 1763

Diplomatic Revolution

1756

Voltaire- "Candide"

1759

Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Age of Mercantilism

1763 - 1828

American Revolution

1763 - 1776

Spinning Jenny

1764

Joseph II of Austria

1765 - 1790

Water Frame

1768

Adam Smith- "Wealth of Nations"

1776

French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Tennis Court Oath- June 4th, 1789
Fall of Bastille- July 14th, 1789
Great Fear: July, 1789
Nobles Renounce Priv.: August 4th, 1789
Rights of Man and Citizen: August 27th, 1789
March of the Fishwives: October 5th-6th, 1789
Civil...Clergy: July 12th, 1790
Legislative Assembly Meets: October 1st, 1791
War w/ Austria: April 20th, 1792
Tuieries Stormed: August 10th, 1792
Levee en masse: August 23rd, 1793
Reign of Terror: 1793-94
Convention Meets, Monarch Abolished: September 21st, 1792
Cult of Reason: November 10th, 1793
Louis XVI Executed: January 21st, 1793
Danton Executed: April 6th, 1794
Cult of the Supreme Being: May 7th, 1794
Fall of Robespierre: July 27th, 1794
Constitution of the Year III: August 22nd, 1795
The Directory: "
Napoleon: November 9th, 1799

Malthus- "Principle of Population"

1798 - 1826