Made Arianism -- religion of Visigoths, Ostrogoths and Vandals -- heresy. Franks became Catholic ('Nicene") early on and helped convert everybody else when they conquered territory
Moved capitol from Rome, new imperial residence and center of administration: "new Rome". Gained power as West fell to political/economic disarray
pushed by Huns. Settled in Southern Gaul and Spain, Eastern Emperor Valens hires to protect eastern border, treats badly
After that, barbarians basically take over. Vandals come in 406, take over Mediterranean and Africa; Franks take northern/central Gaul. Romans stretched, tried to "barbarize army'. Nope.
Odovacer deposed last Roman emperor Romulus Augustus
has acceptance of Roman people, emperor in Constantinople, and Christian Church
Carolingians had been gaining power as "mayor of the palace", took over kingships with help of Pope Zacharias
Created Frankish Christian Empire. In 790s, created Libri Carolini = "no compromise on iconoclasm
Started to rescue Jersualem, actually hurt Constantinople
Period between end of ancient world and birth of Middle Ages
Rome was falling and barbarians were taking over West
*Byzantine refers to Hellenistic Greek/Roman/Judaic culture
Expected everyone to obey him absolutely, co-ruled with wife, who convinced him to re-establish power after Nika Revolt. "One God, one empire, one religion" He wrote law textbooks including The Code, which is still basis of European law, and oversaw building of Hagia Sofia (Church of Holy Wisdom) Tried to reconquer territory.
Asia minor conquered by Seljuk Turks in 1071
beginning of Islamic calendar