1st Semester AP Euro Timeline

Collins 5th period: CBoatright

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100 Years War

May 1337 - October 1453

The 100 years war occurred when King Edward III claimed the French Throne, because he was the last heir of Phillip the Fare of France. The French Barons would not allow this. the 100 years war changed England from a fuetal society to a monarchy, and France became a Union. This war changed warfare forever.

The Black Death

1348 - 1358

The Golden Bull

1356

The Golden Bull of 1356 was a decree issued by the Reichstag assembly in Nuremberg and Metz headed by the Luxembourg Emperor Charles IV that fixed, for a period of more than four hundred years, important aspects of the constitutional structure of the Holy Roman Empire

Jacquerie

1358

The Jacquerie was a revolt in late medieval Europe by peasants that took place in northern France in the summer of 1358, during the Hundred Years' War. The revolt, which was violently suppressed after a few weeks. This rebellion became known as the Jacquerie because the nobles derided peasants as "Jacques" or "Jacques Bonhomme" for their padded surplice called "jacque".

Witch Hunts

1400 - 1700

Council of Constance

1414 - 1417

The council ended the Three-Popes Controversy, by deposing or accepting the resignation of the remaining Papal claimants and electing Pope Martin V.The Council also condemned and executed Jan Hus and ruled on issues of national sovereignty, the rights of pagans, and just war in response to a conflict between the Kingdom of Poland and the Order of the Teutonic Knights. The Council is important for its relationship to ecclesial Conciliarism and Papal supremacy.

Early Exploration

1455 - 1498

Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Ferdinand and Isabella

1469 - 1516

Colombian Exchange

1493 - 1776

The Colombian Exchange was a widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations, slaves, communicable disease, and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian Hemispheres following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492.

Columbus/ start of Spanish Empire

1497

Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

German Peasant Revolts

1524 - 1525

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

The Council of Trent was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. It is considered to be one of the Church's most important.

Pacification of Ghent

November 8, 1546

The Pacification of Ghent, signed on November 8, 1576, was an alliance of the provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands for the purpose of driving Spanish mercenary troops from the country and promoting a peace treaty with the rebelling provinces Holland.

Mary I

1553 - 1558

Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

French Religious Wars

1562 - 1598

The French Religious wars is the name of a period of civil infighting, primarily fought between French Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). The conflict involved the factional disputes between the aristocratic houses of France, such as the House of Bourbon and House of Guise (Lorraine), and both sides received assistance from foreign sources.

Thirty Nine Articles

1563

The Thirty-Nine Articles are the defining statements of doctrines of the Church of England with respect to the controversies of the English Reformation. First established in 1563, the articles served to define the doctrine of the Church of England

James I

1567 - 1624

Dutch Revolt (agaisnt Spain)

1572 - 1648

Union of Utrecht

1579

The Union of Utrecht was a treaty signed on January 23, 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.

Spanish Armada

1587 - 1588

The Spanish Armada was the fleet of ships that traveled to England during the rule of Elizabeth I. The plan was to overthrow Elizabeth and make Spain the most powerful country in Europe.

Mary Stuart Executed

Feb 8, 1587

Henry IV

1589 - 1610

Mazarin

1602 - 1661

Mazarin was an Italian and French cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the chief minister of France from 1642 until his death. Mazarin succeeded his mentor, Cardinal Richelieu.

Louis XIII ( Richeliue)

1610 - 1643

Henry IV assasinated

May, 1610

The Thirty Years War

1618 - 1648

The Thirty Years War in The Holy Roman Empire was the last and most destructive of the the wars of religion. What made the Thirty Years war so devastating was the entrenched hatred between the various sides/religions.

Charles I

1629 - 1645

harles I was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland from March 27,1625 until his execution in 1649. Charles engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England, attempting to obtain royal revenue whilst Parliament sought to curb his Royal prestige which Charles believed was divinely ordained.

Long Parliament/Short Parliament

1640 - 1660

The Short Parliament was a Parliament of England that sat from 13 April to 5 May 1640 during the reign of King Charles I of England, so called because it lasted only three weeks.

The Long Parliament of England was established on 3 November 1640 to pass financial bills, following the Bishops' Wars. It received its name from the fact that through an Act of
Parliament, it could be dissolved only with the agreement of the members.

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Louis XIV's reign was a time where the French monarchy exerted far reaching, direct control of the nation at all levels

The Fronde

1649 - 1652

The Fronde of Parliament took place between 1648 and 1649. Three of the major causes leading up to the first fronde were 1) the Parliament of Paris tried to limit the power of King Louis XIV. 2) the nobility was threatened by the king and wanted more of a voice in the government. 3) the people were unhappy with the tax burdens they had dealt with under Cardinal Richelieu and Cardinal Mazarin.

William of Orange

1650 - 1702

William of Orange or William III was the prince of Orange and later became the ruler of England and Ireland (Great Britain) due to his marriage with Mary II

Royal Society Of London

1660

The Royal Society of London was created to support the expansion of learning and scientific exploration. The Royal society supported the knew knowledge during the Scientific revolution.

Charles II

1660 - 1685

Personal Reign

1661 - 1715

Emergence/Dominance of Robert Walpole

1676 - 1745

Peter the Great

1682 - 1725

Peter the Great ruled Russia and brought it up to date with the rest of Europe. Peter expanded Russia along the black sea and brought the country into the western ways.

James II

1685 - 1688

Rise of The Netherlands- Dutch Golden Age

1698 - 1702

he Dutch Golden Age, was a period in Dutch history, in the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. The Golden Age went on in peace time during the Dutch Republic until the end of the century.

Act Of Settlement

1701

The Act for the Settlement of Ireland imposed penalties including death and land confiscation against participants and bystanders of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 and subsequent unrest.

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

The War of the Spanish Succession was fought among several European powers, including a divided Spain, over the feared possible unification of the Kingdoms of Spain and France under one Bourbon monarch.

The Great Northern War: Russia/Swenden

1702 - 1721

The Great Northern War was a conflict in which a coalition led by
Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern Europe,

Decline on Netherlands

1702

Death of William III

1702

Charles VI Pragmatic Sanction

1711 - 1740

The Pragmatic Sanction was an edict issued by Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI to ensure that the hereditary possessions of the Habsburgs could be inherited by a daughter.

Age of Mercantilism

1713 - 1776

The age of Mercantilism was the age where the riches of a government were juged by the amount of gold and silver the country had. The markets were also completely regulated by the government.

Treaty of Utrecht

July 1713

The Treaty of Utrecht registered the defeat of French ambitions expressed in the wars of Louis XIV and preserved the European system based on the balance of power.

Mississippi Bubble

1715

Law exaggerated the wealth of Louisiana with an effective marketing scheme, which led to wild speculation on the shares of the company in 1719. The scheme was to have the success of the Mississippi Company combine investor fervor and the wealth of its Louisiana prospects into a sustainable joint-trading company. The popularity of company shares were such that they sparked a need for more paper bank notes, and when shares generated profits the investors were paid out in paper bank notes.

Death of Louis XIV

1715

War of Jenkins Ear

1739 - 1815

The War of Jenkins' Ear, was a conflict between Great Britain and Spain that lasted from 1739 to 1748, with major operations largely ended by 1742.

Fredrick II the Great

1740 - 1786

Frederick II was King in Prussia from the Hohenzollern dynasty. He is best known for his brilliance in military campaigning and organization of Prussian armies. He became known as Frederick the Great.

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

The war began under the pretext that Maria Theresa was ineligible to succeed to the Habsburg thrones of her father, Charles VI, because Salic law precluded royal inheritance by a woman—though in reality this was a convenient excuse put forward by Prussia and France to challenge Habsburg power.

Maria Thressa

1740 - 1780

Maria Theressawas the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia,etc.

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1800

The Industrial revolution was the period of time where major industrial advancements happened throughout Europe. This was the cause of advancement in technology throughout the planet.

Consumer Revolution

1750 - 1800

The Consumer revolution refers to the period from the late sixteenth century to the nineteenth century in which there was a marked increase in consumption of various goods and products by individuals from different economic and social backgrounds

Agriculture Revolution

1750 - 1800

This was the period of time where many Agriculture advancements were made which improved production of food and more.

Diplomatic Revolution

1756

The Diplomatic Revolution of 1756 was applied to the reversal of longstanding diplomatic alliances which were upheld until the War of the Austrian Succession and then reversed in the Seven Years' War

Seven Years war

1756 - 1763

Also known as the French and Indian war, was a battle between the French and English for the Northern part of the new found North America

Catherine the Great (Russia)

1762 - 1796

Treaty of Paris

1763

The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763, was signed in 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War

Joseph II

1765 - 1790

Spinning Jenny

1765

The spinning jenny is a multi-spool spinning frame. It was invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Stanhill, Oswaldtwistle, Lancashire in England. The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once.

Water Frame

1765

The water frame is the name given to the spinning frame, when water power is used to drive it.

Steam Engine

1769

he steam engine was a critical component of the Industrial Revolution, providing the prime mover for modern mass-production manufacturing methods.

American Revolution

1772 - 1783

The American Revolution was a political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America.

Estates General Called/meets

Aug 8, 1788

The estates general was called to meet to discuss French laws and politics. The 1st estate (Nobility) and the 2nd estate (clergy) teamed against the 3rd estate (everybody else) which sparked the start of the French Revolution

Tennis Court Oath

Jun 20, 1789

The Tennis Court Oath was the oath taken by the National Assembly members pledging they would meet until a constitution was formed in France.

Great Fear

July 1789

This was the period of time where people were in "Great Fear" because of all the backstabbing and executions throughout the country and the pressure of the invading Prussians and Austrians.

Storming of Bastile

July 14, 1789

This is when the peasants stormed the great prison of Bastille and took it over, sparking the official start of the Revolution.

Rights of Man and Citizen

Aug 27 1789

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is a document of the French Revolution and in the history of human rights, defining the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal. Influenced by the doctrine of "natural right", the rights of man are held to be universal.

March of Fishwives

Oct 5, 1789

The March Of the Fishwives was one of the earliest and most significant events of the French Revolution. The march began among women in the marketplaces of Paris who were near rioting over the high price and scarcity of bread.

Legislative Assembly meets

oct 1, 1791

French war with Austria

1792

The new National Assembly governed France declared war on Austria because Austria was threatening to invade France and restore the Monarchy, which was in their favor. Napoleon became a key factor in defeating the Austrians.

Tuileries Stormed-King Captured

Aug 10, 1792

Convention Meets- Monarch Abolished

Sept 21, 1792

Reign of Terror

Nov 1792 - July 1794

The Directory

1793

After the Reign of Terror and the fall of Maximilian Robespierre , the Directory is the Government that ruled the French government until it was dissolved and replaced by Napoleon Bonaparte.

Levee en Masse

1793

Meaning levy in masses, was a call to the French people that any physically able man should join the French army and help fight for the cause against the Austrians and Prussians.

Louis XVI executed

Jan 21, 1793

The people of France and Maximilian Robespierre had the King Louis XVI executed for treason against the state and trying to stop the creation of a constitution.

Danton Executed

April 6, 1794

Fall of Robespierre

July 26, 1794 - July 28, 1794

Robespierre was executed because the National Assembly became scared of his power that he was gaining and feared the beginning of another monarchy.

Constitution of Year III- Directory established

Aug 22, 1795

The Constitution III was a national constitution of France ratified by the National Convention on August 1795 during the French Revolution. It established the Directory, it also ended the revolution and gave Napoleon his power.

Napoleon - coup Brumaire

Nov 9 1798

In this act Napoleon overthrew the French directory and created the french console which was himself, giving him absolute power, and making him the dictator of France.

Religion

A vigignon Papacy

1309 - 1377

The Great Schism

1378 - 1417

Lollards: John Wcliffe

1385

Husseites: John Huss

1415

Pope Jullias II

1503 - 1513

John Calvin: Geneva

1509 - 1564

English Ref.

1520 - 1553

Act of Supremecy

1534

Pecae Of Augsburg

Sept 1555

Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre

August 24, 1572

3000 Huguenots killed in Paris. In the next three days 20,000 people died in the attacks. The pope celebrated this because it ended the ability for France to end rebellions in the Netherlands

Edict of Nantes

1593

Revocation of Edict of Nantes

1685

Civil Const of CLergy

July 12 1790

Cult of Reason

Nov 10, 1793

Cult of Supreme Being

May 7, 1794

Religion

Luther- 95 Thesis

October 31, 1517

Diet of Worms

April, 1521

Jesuits-SOciety of Jesus

1540 - 1648

Galileo Condemed

1633

Art

Decline of Gothic Art

1000 - 1375

Renaissance in Italy

1375 - 1527

Mannerism

1450 - 1527

Northern Renaissance

1466 - 1536

Baroque Art

1573 - 1708

Emergence of Rocco

1715 - 1774

Neoclassicism

1758 - 1799

Litterature

Dante

1265 - 1321

Petratch

1304 - 1374

Boccaccio

1313 - 1375

Printing Press- Guttenberg

1468

The Prince: Machiavelli

1513

Copernicus: On the Rev. of Heavenly Spheres

1543

Tycho Brahe

1546 - 1601

Shakespear

1564 - 1616

Kepler: The New Astronomy

1571

Cervantes: Don Quixote

1603

Novum Organum: Bacon

1620

Blaise Pascal

1623 - 1662

Descartes: Discourse on Method

1637

Hobbes: Leviathan

1651

Principia Mathematica: Isaac Newton

1687

Locke: Treaties on Gov't (1&2)

1690

Voltaire - Candide

1758

Rousseau: Emile, Social Contract

1762

Smith: Wealth of Nations

1776

Wollstonecraft- Vind. of Rights of Women

1792

Malthus: Principles of Population

1798

Ricardo: Iron Law of Wages

1817

Ricardo: Iron Law of Wages

1817