Ancient Greece

Main Events

Creation of Delain League

478 BC

Carystus

473 BC

Naxos

471 BC

Naxos revolted

Ephialtes

468 BC - 461 BC

Eurymedon River

467 BC

Thasos

465 BC

Earthquake

465 BC

Megara

460 BC

joins Athens

First Peloponnesian War

460 BC - 445 BC

Long Walls

459 BC

Treasury Moved

454 BC

Delian Treasury moved to Athens

Egypt

454 BC

Athens crushed by Persia in Egypt

Pericles' Citizenship Law

451 BC

Peace of Callias

450 BC

Parthenon

447 BC - 432 BC

30 Years Peace

445 BC - 431 BC

Samian Revolt

440 BC

Sybota/Potidaea

433 BC

Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

Plataea

431 BC

Mytilene

428 BC

Corcyran Revolution

427 BC

Spachteria

425 BC

Delium

424 BC

Amphipolis

422 BC

Peace of Nicias

421 BC

Mantinea

418 BC

Melos

416 BC

Sicilian Expedition

416 BC - 415 BC

Cyzicus

410 BC

Notium

407 BC

ended Alcibiades' career, Antiochus lost

Arginusae

406 BC

Athenian generals executed for not retrieving bodies after a storm

Aegospotami

405 BC

end of Peloponnesian War

Cyrus fails

401 BC

Socrates

399 BC

put to death

Corinthian War

395 BC - 387 BC

Sparta vs. Athens, Thebes, Corinth, Argos

Cnidus

394 BC

Athenians and Persians defeat Spartans, Lysander dies

King's Peace

387 BC

Persian king called for splitting up of Greek alliances, in favor of Sparta

Phoebidas

380 BC

Phoebidas tries to install pro-Spartan oligarchy in Thebes

Second Athenian Confederacy

378 BC - 355 BC

Sphodrias

378 BC

Spartan harmost tries to take Piraeus

Leuctra

371 BC

ended Spartan hegemony

Mantinea 2

362 BC

Thebans won, but weakened other Greeks for Philip to dominate

Social War

357 BC - 355 BC

Rhodes, Cos, Chios revolted from Second Athenian Empire, granted independence

Third Sacred War

357 BC - 346 BC

Philip awarded Phocis’ votes in Amphictyonic Council—significant influence in Greek affairs

Olynthus

348 BC

captured and razed by Philip

Peace of Philocrates

346 BC

Peace between Athens and Macedon, cemented Macedon's role as Greek hegemon

Charonea

338 BC

marked Philip's conquest of Greece

Corinthian League

337 BC

formation of Greek alliance-legitimized Philip's hegemony over Greece

Granicus

334 BC

Darius fled, ended Persian influence in Anatolia

Issus

333 BC

Alexander took control of Persian Army, declared himself new heir to Persian empire

Tyre

332 BC

8 month siege, Alexander slaughtered all men, enslaved women

Alexandria

331 BC

Guagamela

331 BC

Persians' final defeat, Alexander became king of Asia

Cleitus murdered

328 BC

Porus

326 BC

Alexander fights the Indian King, conquers him, impressed by his humility, allows him to keep his land--becomes his ally

Hephaestion

324 BC

Alexander's closest friend dies, goes ape shit

Athenians

Cimon

480 BC - 450 BC

Perilces

461 Bc - 429 BC

Cleon

429 BC - 422 BC

Alcibiades

421 BC - 404 BC

400/5,000

411 BC

The 30

404 BC - 403 BC

overthrown by Thrasybulus and Alcibiades
executed 1500 Athenians

Theban Hegemony/ Epaminondas

371 BC - 362 BC

Eubulus

355 BC - 342 BC

started Theoric Fund

Demosthenes

354 BC - 322 BC

great orator/demagogue, opposed Philip
responsible for Greek defeat at Cheronae

Aeschines

343 BC - 330 BC

supported Philip, Demosthenes opposed him--brought charges against him

Spartans

Archidamnus

476 BC - 427 BC

Brasidas

427 BC - 421 BC

Lysander

407 BC - 395 BC

Agesilaus

401 BC - 360 BC

Macedonians

Jason of Pherae

375 BC

unites Thessaly

Philip II

359 BC - 336 BC

unified Greece under Corinthian League

Aristotle becomes tutor

343 BC

tutors Alexander for 6 years

Alexander the Great

336 BC - 323 BC

conquered all the way east to Indus River

Persians

Xerxes I

486 BC - 465 BC

Artaxerxes I

465 BC - 424 BC

Darius II

423 BC - 405 BC

Artaxerxes II

404 BC - 359 BC

Artaxerxes III

358 BC - 338 BC

Darius III

336 BC - 330 BC

conquered by Alexander