Mongol Timeline

China

Khitan Conquest

907 - 1118

Northern China

Jurchens (Qin/Jin Dynasty)

1115 - 1234

Rule North China

Song Dynasty flees

1126

to southern China

First Mongol attacks on China

1215

Bejing captured

Mongols take all of North China

1234

End of Qin dynasty

Mongol conquest of South China

1235 - 1279

End of Southern Song dynasty

Reign of Kabuli Khan

1260 - 1294

in China

Reign of Yuan (Mongol Dynasty)

1271 - 1368

in China

First true guns used in China

1290 - 1299

Middle East

Seljuk Turks

1037 - 1194

Dominant in Middle East

Almohads

1130 - 1250

rule North Africa and Spain

Mongol victory of Seljuk Turks

1253

rise of Ottoman Turks in Middle East

Mongol destruction of Baghdad

1258

Mongols

Mongol State Founded

1206

Temujin takes the name of Chinggis Khan

Death of Chinggis Khan

1227

Ogedei named successor

Mamluk defeat Mongols in Egypt

1260

at Ain Jalut; end of drive west

Failed Mongol invasions of Japan

1274 - 1280

Life of Timur

1336 - 1405

Russia

First Mongol invasions of Russia

1219 - 1223

Mongol conquest of Russia

1236 - 1240

Western Europe

Mongol invasion of Western Europe

1240 - 1241

Journey of Marco Polo

1271 - 1295

to central Asia, China, and southeast Asia

Spread of Black Death

1330 - 1370

in Eurasia