Middle Ages poet.
7 Popes in Avignon, France.
War between France and England over the French thrown.
A lot of people died. Bubonic plague. Rats. ew. stuff like that. naaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaasty.
Declared the Holy Roman Emperor was elected.
Peasants revolt during the Hundred Years War in France.
simplicity, judge by deads.
Prior to the Great Schism the Avignon papacy was in place then it was moved to Rome and there was 2 popes.
Women where scapegoat.
Book were more available and cheaper, so more people read. Public opinion grew.
Humanist and catholic priest.
Unite Castile and Aragon.
End the Great Schism ( 2 popes)
Spanish take over Amuricah. The people on the ships rape the women and get STD's haha. Lolz. Look for gold, maybe. I think.
Conversion of Muslims to Catholics in new land.
Italy's power declines. The French Invade in 1496. This is a turning point.
Break down of the catholic church.
Luther and Calvin reform religion. Introduction of the Protestant faith.
"The Fearsome Pope"
Seperate the Church Of England from the Roman Catholic Church.
Support Protestant Reformation and and reform of the Geneva church.
Luther post his theses against the sale of induglences on the door of a church.
Like the David, realistic, muscles.
Meeting held to discuss luthers action in the protestant reformation. It was declared that luther was ex-communicated from the church.
The peasants use the new religion as a spark to revolt. Luther does not approve. The peasants loose.
Machiavelli's views on what traits a monarch must have in order to be successful. It is better to be feared than loved.
Made the King the head of church.
Meeting of catholics to address protestants, mantain basic dogma, and fix corruption.
Counter Reformation attempt from Catholics.
Astronomy observation and stuff. Geocentric system boiiiii.
Restoration of Roman Catholic religion. She killed many Protestants.
Ended religious struggle in Augsburg
Lead to collapse of Spain.
Last of the Tudor dynasty. Sister to "Bloody Mary". Religously tolerant. Protestant.
War between Huguenots and Catholics in France.
Codify the English language. Invented "eye ball"
Ruled England and Scotland.
Protestants revolt against Roman Catholic policies.
Mass murder of Huguenots by Catherine De Medici.
Alliance of Netherlands to drive out Spanish troops and promote a peace treaty with Holland.
United northern netherlands.
Army sent to overthrow Elizabeth I of England. Faillllllllllllllleeeeeeeeedddddddddddd
Politique, showed unusually relious tolerance. Created Edict Of Nantes. "Paris is worth a mass."
Granted Huguenots rights.
Religious and fancy and stuff.
Most influential piece from the Spanish golden phase.
Stabbed twice. 20 attempted assassinations.
Bourbon ruler of France and Navarre. Mother was Mary de Medici.
States his views. His views were different from old views. Bacon, yumm
Beheaded because the rump parlement (radical parlements) voted to kill him. This was big because the people voted to kill their king. During this time there was a struggle for power between nobles and the king.
Conflict between Rump Parlement and Royals. James Stuarts was absolute monarch. Puritans want to purify the church, litmit power of bishops. Cromwell was the leader of Parlement army. The Glorious Revolution (Bloodless Revolution) Over throw of James II.
Cardinal turning Louis XIII and Louis XIV
Bourbon. Divine right of king. Began to forma centeralized government. Want to eliminate the remains of feudalism. Enlightend ruler.
The Parlement chose the monarch because there was no heir.
Scientific work, not in universities. New knowledge is found.
Newton's scientific findings, the prinicpals of the world and physics.
1st: attacks patriachalism 2nd: natural rights, more civilized government.
Protestant, this allowed protestant religion to flourish.
Rights of Parliament.
Most of europe mainly Spain and France fighting against unification under Bourbon.
Prgmatic Sanction of 1713
Said there could also be a female ruler.
Ends War of Spanish Succession.
-Economic crisis in France
- After Louis 14 France is weak 1720-1730
- stock market crashes
Britains first Prime Minister.
Most of europe over Maria Theresa's spot in House Of Habsburg.
Enlightend ruler. Built many schools and made school mandatory for both boys and girls.
First female habsburg ruler. Daughter of Charles VI
Nobles owned land and made profits off of farming. Crop rotation. Advancements in care of live stock.
The Spinning Jenny spun wool. The Water Frame brought work outside of the home. Steam Engine too.
Prussia fights Austria, and allys with Great Britain. Austria allys with Austria because they are both fighting Prussia.
Form of deism established in the First Republic.
Satire. Eat the butt. Baby bacon. stuff like that.
Man giving up some rights for their protection.
Enlightened despot. Brother of Maria Antoinette Abolished harsh punishment. Completel equality.
The estates general was called because it was believed only the estates general could change the laws on taxes. The estates general had not met sicne 1614.
7 prisoners were released. This could be said as the begining of the revolution.
Women riot over the high price of bread. Go to the Palace of Versialles and demand the kind and his family to live in Paris.
Bicameral legislation system.
Womens rights, womens education.
Palace is stromed. King captured. 7 pirsoners let out. All 7 of them.
Set up First Republic.
Death from Guillotine found guilty of treason.
Tried for treason and killed.
Directory establish. First constution.
Country ruled by a group of people. (parliamentary republic)