AP European History Semester 1 Timeline

Main

Dante

June 1265 - September 9, 1321

Middle Ages poet.

Petrach

July 20, 1304 - July 19, 1374

Early humanist.

Avignon Papacy

1309 - 1376

7 Popes in Avignon, France.

Boccaccio

1313 - December 21, 1375

Italian poet

The Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

War between France and England over the French thrown.

The Black Death

1348 - 1350

A lot of people died. Bubonic plague. Rats. ew. stuff like that. naaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaasty.

The Golden Bull

January 10, 1356 - December 25, 1356

Declared the Holy Roman Emperor was elected.

Jacquerie

1358

Peasants revolt during the Hundred Years War in France.

Lollards ( John Wycliffe)

1377 - 1399

Simplicity.

Hussites (John Huss)

1377 - 1399

simplicity, judge by deads.

Great Schism

1378 - 1415

Prior to the Great Schism the Avignon papacy was in place then it was moved to Rome and there was 2 popes.

Witch Hunts

1400 - 1700

Women where scapegoat.

Printing Press

1439

Book were more available and cheaper, so more people read. Public opinion grew.

Erasmus

28 October 1466 - 12 July 1536

Humanist and catholic priest.

Ferdinand and Isabella get married

October 19, 1469

Unite Castile and Aragon.

Council Of Constance

1471

End the Great Schism ( 2 popes)

Columbus/ Start of the Spanish Empire

1492

Spanish take over Amuricah. The people on the ships rape the women and get STD's haha. Lolz. Look for gold, maybe. I think.

Spanish Inquisition

1492

Conversion of Muslims to Catholics in new land.

Italy's Decline

1496 - 1515

Italy's power declines. The French Invade in 1496. This is a turning point.

English Reformation

1500 - 1600

Break down of the catholic church.

Reformation

1500 - 1600

Luther and Calvin reform religion. Introduction of the Protestant faith.

Pope Julius II

November 1, 1503 - February 21, 1513

"The Fearsome Pope"

Henry VIII

April 21, 1509 - January 28, 1547

Seperate the Church Of England from the Roman Catholic Church.

Jehan Calvin

July 10, 1509 - May 27, 1564

Support Protestant Reformation and and reform of the Geneva church.

95 Theses

October 31, 1517

Luther post his theses against the sale of induglences on the door of a church.

Mannerism

1520 - 1580

Like the David, realistic, muscles.

Diet Of Worms

January 28, 1521 - May 25, 1521

Meeting held to discuss luthers action in the protestant reformation. It was declared that luther was ex-communicated from the church.

German Peasants Revolt

1524 - 1526

The peasants use the new religion as a spark to revolt. Luther does not approve. The peasants loose.

The Prince (Machiavelli)

1532

Machiavelli's views on what traits a monarch must have in order to be successful. It is better to be feared than loved.

Act of Supremacy

November 1534

Made the King the head of church.

Council Of Trent

1545 - 1563

Meeting of catholics to address protestants, mantain basic dogma, and fix corruption.

Council Of Trent

1545 - 1563

Counter Reformation attempt from Catholics.

Tycho Brahe

December 14, 1546 - October 24, 1601

Astronomy observation and stuff. Geocentric system boiiiii.

Mary I Of England "Bloody Mary"

July 19, 1553 - November 17, 1558

Restoration of Roman Catholic religion. She killed many Protestants.

Peace Of Augsburg

1555

Ended religious struggle in Augsburg

Revolt int he Spanish Netherlands

1555 - 1609

Lead to collapse of Spain.

Elizabeth I of England

November 17, 1558 - March 24, 1603

Last of the Tudor dynasty. Sister to "Bloody Mary". Religously tolerant. Protestant.

French Religious Wars

1562 - 1598

War between Huguenots and Catholics in France.

Shakespeare

April 26, 1564 - April 23, 1616

Codify the English language. Invented "eye ball"

James I (England)

19 June 1566 - 27 March 1625

Ruled England and Scotland.

Dutch Revolt (against Spain)

1568 - 1648

Protestants revolt against Roman Catholic policies.

Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre

August 23, 1572

Mass murder of Huguenots by Catherine De Medici.

Pacification Of Ghent

November 8, 1576

Alliance of Netherlands to drive out Spanish troops and promote a peace treaty with Holland.

Union Of Utrecht

January 23, 1579

United northern netherlands.

Spanish Armada

August 8, 1588

Army sent to overthrow Elizabeth I of England. Faillllllllllllllleeeeeeeeedddddddddddd

Henry IV

August 2, 1589 - May 14, 1610

Politique, showed unusually relious tolerance. Created Edict Of Nantes. "Paris is worth a mass."

Edict Of Nantes

April 13, 1598

Granted Huguenots rights.

Baroque Art

1600 - 1700

Religious and fancy and stuff.

Cervantes: Don Quixote

1605

Most influential piece from the Spanish golden phase.

Assassination of Henry IV

May 14, 1610

Stabbed twice. 20 attempted assassinations.

Louis XIII of France

May 14, 1610 - May 14, 1643

Bourbon ruler of France and Navarre. Mother was Mary de Medici.

Bacon: Novum Organum

1620

States his views. His views were different from old views. Bacon, yumm

Charles I (Eng)

March 27, 1625 - January 30, 1649

Beheaded because the rump parlement (radical parlements) voted to kill him. This was big because the people voted to kill their king. During this time there was a struggle for power between nobles and the king.

English Civil War

August 22, 1642 - September 3, 1651

Conflict between Rump Parlement and Royals. James Stuarts was absolute monarch. Puritans want to purify the church, litmit power of bishops. Cromwell was the leader of Parlement army. The Glorious Revolution (Bloodless Revolution) Over throw of James II.

Mazarin

December 5, 1642 - March 9, 1661

Cardinal turning Louis XIII and Louis XIV

Louis XIV of France

May 14, 1643 - September 1, 1715

Bourbon. Divine right of king. Began to forma centeralized government. Want to eliminate the remains of feudalism. Enlightend ruler.

Act Of Settlement (GB)

August 12, 1652

The Parlement chose the monarch because there was no heir.

Charles II of England

May 20, 1660 - February 6 1685

Royal Society Of London

November 1660

Scientific work, not in universities. New knowledge is found.

Peter The Great

May 7, 1682 - February 8, 1725

James II of England

February 6, 1685 - December 11, 1688

Principia Mathematica (Newton)

July 5, 1687

Newton's scientific findings, the prinicpals of the world and physics.

Locke: Treatises on Gov't. (1st and 2nd)

1689

1st: attacks patriachalism 2nd: natural rights, more civilized government.

William Of Orange

February 13, 1689 - March 8, 1702

Protestant, this allowed protestant religion to flourish.

English Bill Of Rights

December 16, 1689

Rights of Parliament.

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

Most of europe mainly Spain and France fighting against unification under Bourbon.

Charles VI (Austria)

October 12, 1711 - October 20, 1740

Prgmatic Sanction of 1713

Frederick Wilhelm

1713 - 1740

Pragmatoc Sanction

January 1, 1713 - December 31, 1713

Said there could also be a female ruler.

Treaty Of Utrecht

April 11, 1713

Ends War of Spanish Succession.

Mississippi Buuble

1716 - 1720

-Inflation
-Economic crisis in France
- After Louis 14 France is weak 1720-1730
- stock market crashes

Robert Walpole

4 April 1721 - 11 February 1742

Britains first Prime Minister.

War of Austiran SUccession

1740 - 1748

Most of europe over Maria Theresa's spot in House Of Habsburg.

Frederick II (the Great) Of Prussia

May 31, 1740 - August 17, 1786

Enlightend ruler. Built many schools and made school mandatory for both boys and girls.

Maria Theresa (Austria)

October 20, 1740 - November 29, 1780

First female habsburg ruler. Daughter of Charles VI

Agricultural Revolution

1750 - 1900

Nobles owned land and made profits off of farming. Crop rotation. Advancements in care of live stock.

Industrial Revolution

1750 - 1850

The Spinning Jenny spun wool. The Water Frame brought work outside of the home. Steam Engine too.

Dipolmatic Revolution

1756 - 1763

Prussia fights Austria, and allys with Great Britain. Austria allys with Austria because they are both fighting Prussia.

Cult of Supreme Being

6 May 1758 - 28 July 1794

Form of deism established in the First Republic.

Voltaire: Candide

1759

Satire. Eat the butt. Baby bacon. stuff like that.

Rousseau - Emile, Social Contract

1762

Man giving up some rights for their protection.

Joseph II (Austria)

March 27, 1764 - February 20, 1790

Enlightened despot. Brother of Maria Antoinette Abolished harsh punishment. Completel equality.

Estates General Called

1789

The estates general was called because it was believed only the estates general could change the laws on taxes. The estates general had not met sicne 1614.

Storming Of Bastille

July 14, 1789

7 prisoners were released. This could be said as the begining of the revolution.

March Of The Fishwives

October 5, 1789

Women riot over the high price of bread. Go to the Palace of Versialles and demand the kind and his family to live in Paris.

Legislative Assembly

October 1, 1791 - September 30, 1792

Bicameral legislation system.

Wollstonecraft- Vindication of right of women

1792

Womens rights, womens education.

Tukkeries Stormed

August 10, 1792

Palace is stromed. King captured. 7 pirsoners let out. All 7 of them.

Convention Meets

September 21, 1792

Set up First Republic.

Death of Louis XIV

January 20, 1793 - January 21, 1793

Death from Guillotine found guilty of treason.

Louis XVI Executed

21 January 1793

Tried for treason and killed.

Constution of the Year III

22 August 1795

Directory establish. First constution.

The Directory

2 November 1795 - 10 November 1799

Country ruled by a group of people. (parliamentary republic)