Constitution of the Year III- The Directory established
Invasion of Russia & retreat
Napoleon Crowns himself Emperor
Fall of Robespierre
Reign of Terror
Levee en Masse
Wrote the Rights of a Women which was similar to the Rights of Man, except for the women.
Convention meets- Monarch Abolished
War w/ Austria
March of the Fishwives
Marched to Versille where it eventually lead to the King returing to Italy.
Legislative Assembly Meets
Rights of Man and Citizen
Nobles renounce feudal privledges
Created the Spinning Jenny.
Tuileries Stormed- King captive
He created the steam engine.
War of Jenkins’s Ear
Decline of Netherlands
War of Austrian Succession
Death of Louis XIV
Frederick Wilhelm Builds Prussian Military
English Bill of Rights
Louis XVI executed
Treaty of Utrecht
Charles VI (Austria) Pragmatic Sanction
War of Spanish Succession
Act of Settlement
The Great Northern War
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes
Louis XIV personal Rule
Academies of Science
Henry IV assassinated
Cervantes: 1603 Don Quixote
Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
Rise of the Netherlands- Dutch Golden Age
Age of Mercantilism
Peter the Great
Peace of Augsburg
Pacification of Ghent
Revolt in the Spanish Netherlands
Council of Trent
Act of Supremacy
Machiavelli: The Prince
Written by Voltaire and explains what a Machiavellian ruler is and qualities of one. Voltaire does not believe in an organized religion and was a main figure in the French Revoution.
Revival of Monarchies
The Bastille got raided for its supply of gun powder which was needed during the Great Fear. Several immates were released and a couple guards were killed during this. This was an even leading to the march to versille.
1309 - 1378
The pope moved to France from Rome therefore adding more power to France because they could rule the pope now that he lived in France not Rome. This created difficulties which lead to the Great Schism.
1328 - December 31, 1384
Despised people who went against the church. He translated the bible into english. He was known to be one of the earliest men of the reformation.
The Hundred Years War
1337 - 1453
Began because of a conflict between Englan and France over the succession to the French throne. This is when Phillip the Fiar and Edward III both put claim onto the french throne. England ended up losing.
The Black Death
October 1347 - 1351
Caused by fleas on rats that spread the desease throughout cities and rural towns. The cities-being so enclosed- suffered the biggest decrease in population. The lower class also suffered more because they were stuck to living in the towns while the rich could flee.
1369 - 1415
Was a philosopher and a reformer. He was a factor in the Protestant movement. Non-Catholocs often followed his teachings. He got condemmed and executed for heresy.
The Great Schism
1378 - 1415
Pope Urban V, Pope Alexander V, and Pope Clement VII appeared at once when finally during the Council of Constance Pope Martin V was elected to be the single pope.
1420 - 1600
Involved a big movement in art including Michelangelo, Donatello, and Da Vinci. Involved a big introduction into humanism and mostly all art desplayed humanistic properties.
Guttenberg- Printing Press
Involved printing ink onto a print medium. This was a veruy big step because it allowed for the quick reproduction of papers, newspapers, and books such as the bible and the translated bible.
1443 - 1513
Nickname of "The Warrior Pope", he was a successor to Alexander VI and helped secure the papal state.
1450 - 1750
Most women were struck with fear when the men begain targeting women for witchcraft when something was unusual about them. People feared witches because they messed with your head and were feared. Many women were executed in large numbers until finally realization stuck in that the witch hunts were getting way out of hand.
1457 - 1509
He was king of England and helped restore power and stability after the War of the Roses. Won the throne at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Ferdinand and Isabella
The reigned Spain together after their marriage. This reunited the Spanish kingdoms.
1490 - 1520
Mainly in Italy where art, sculptures, and carvings were influencial to society by Leonardo, Michelangelo, and Raphael.
After the voyage of Columbus different types of food, animals, and diseases were exchanged from the Americas back to Europe and many countries.
1494 - 1527
Italy had no central authority and was shortly followed by the babilion captivity where italy lost its throne to the french.
1500 - 1615
Included art from altar peiced to carved-wood stamps. Included Durer and many other artists. Ocuured in the northern states where humanistic ideas were more religious.
1509 - 1564
He was a protastant reformer. He tought that the supreme power of God and man’s corruption without God’s grace.
1516 - 1568
Was queen of England and Ireland until her death. She was involved in the name "Bloody Mary".
Martin Luther’s 95 Thesis
List of grievences about church attacking indolgences and how they were against the church. Stated 95 reasons the church is doing wrong and how they should stop on the from of the holy church.
1517 - 1564
Began when Henry VIII declared himself to be the supreme head of the church in England. Involved the church of england breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church
1520 - 1600
Italian movement in art and agriculture to where beauty was captured instead of natural images. Humanism played a part in this movement.
Diet of Worms
Was a list of 102 appressive burdons and abuses on the church.
1564 - 1616
He was an english poem writer. He was the greatest writer in the English language.
1566 - 1625
His mother was the Queen of Scots. He was the King of Scotland, England, and Ireland.
1571 - 1630
German mathmetician and astronomer. Played a role in the Scientific revolution with ideas of universal gravitation.
Sailed from Spain with the task to overthrow protestant England by Queen Elizabeth.
Edict of Nantes
Henry IV had agreed to conform to the Roman Catholic church in order to become king. It also gave Calvinist Protestants of France many rights.
1601 - 1643
He was a bourbon monarch who ruled as King of France. He was a part of the Medici family therefore bring some of the Machiavellian ruler qualities with him.
The Thirty Years War
1618 - 1648
Took place in Germany and a part of England. It was the last of the religious wars, ending in the Peace of Westphalia.
1630 - 1685
He was the last Habsburg to rule Spain. He was also the king of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
1632 - 1704
He was the Father of Classical Liberalism and was an enlightened thinker. Important in the Social contract theory. His writing majorly influenced englightened writers.
Condemmed by the Catholic Church for heresy.
1640 - 1653
Was called during the Great Rebellion because of the debt that was being created.
1642 - 1727
Was a major philosoph in the scientific revolution and used math in the study of the universe.
English Civil War:
1642 - 1651
Was a series of three wars fought between Parliamentarian and Royalist forces where Parliment won several major battles.
1649 - 1652
Series of civil wars in France during the minority of Louis XIV.
1676 - 1745
He was the first Prime Minister of Great Britain and believed that he should be in command of a majority of parliment.
1716 - 1720
After selling many bonds and increasing the economy, people who had debt to pay off did not have the money to pay them back and bonds were selling faster than people could pay them off causing a "bubble" effect.
1717 - 1780
She was a Roman Catholic who was the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia.
Frederick The Great (Prussia)
1740 - 1786
He was the King of Prussia and promoted ideas such as philosophy and treasured the ideas of elightened absolutism.
Joseph II (Austria)
1741 - 1790
Son of Maria Theresa he was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790.
Seven Years’ War
1754 - 1763
By the end of this war France picked up provinces in the americas and it resulted in 900,000 to 1,400,000 deaths.
Is a sarcastic novel that states everything is the best in both possible worlds. Voltaire was mocking and sarcastic therefore creating a humorous book.
Catherine the Great
1762 - 1796
Expanded the borders of Russia and promoted enlghtenment ideas to the higher classes.
1769 - 1821
Wrote the Napoleon Code and crowned himself emperor of France. This made some religious toleration and based some policies on yourself determined from where you were born.
1775 - 1783
Resulted in the independence of the nation away from England.
Tennis Court Oath
Was an oath taken by the people of the National Assembly stating that they will remain in the court until a constitution is made.
During the French revolution when the people were struck in fear because of the massacures of the people against Robespierre's ideas inside the jail.
1789 - 1799
A series of events in France leadd by Robesspierre and included thousands of executions, fear, and most importantly it left the king dead.
Civil Const of Clergy
It created a government to where the French was now governed by the Holy Catholic Church.
Cult of Reason
Was an atheistic belief system established in France.