black producer, also wrote books about the African American experience, had a different take on it than Griffith obviously
Asian-American film star, got super popular in 1914, made his own production company in 1918-Howarth Pictures, from 1918-21 he produced 23 films and netted $2 million
this had a narrative instead of just a natural scene
First actualite shown in a cafe in Paris by the Lumiere brothers.
hand-painted color, gunshot into the camera, moving camera, used a stunt dummy
Stop motion animation for the dance sequence
had a narrative, was comedic, had lots of roosters in it for the trademark of the Pathe Brothers
used a green wash for most of the film, movements are large like in Italian opera
Some tramps assault the telegraph office trying to rob $2000 delivered by train. The telegraphist girl, trying to help, telegraphs the next station and then the men are captured.
the first picture palace
simpler carryovers from the Nickelodeon era
the main character is Japanese, the film is not tinted
first west coast palace, by Sid Grauman
first mid-west palace, seated 2,400
considered his response to Griffith's "The Birth of a Nation"
by D. W. Griffith, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplin
A frail waif, abused by her brutish boxer father in London's seedy Limehouse District, is befriended by a sensitive Chinese immigrant with tragic consequences.
the main character's ethnicity and name are changed to Burmese, tinting is added to the film
built by Sid Grauman on Hollywood Boulevard, decor plays off of spike in interest in Egyptian things
made films much more culture-specific, possible language barriers
had 6,000 seats, called "The Cathedral of the Motion Picture," had 5 stories, grand rotunda, stage show facilities, the largest movie theater in America
Sig Grauman's third Los Angeles theater, still used for cinema premiers
seated 5,000, modeled after a Persian court palace
vertical integration of film industry, takeover by the "Big Five": Famous Players-Laskey, Warner, Loew's, Fox, RKO.
The Tramp struggles to live in modern industrial society with the help of a young homeless woman. Machines are dehumanizing, men trudge to work like lambs to the slaughter.
put Ayatollah Khomeini into power and moved into an Islamic Republic
funded by the government
unofficial adaptation of "The Postman Always Rings Twice"
basically the only neorealist success
non-professional actors, location shooting
neorealist, about shoeshine, child actors, location shooting, contemporary story
6 episodes about WWII in Italy, all deal with the issues of miscommunication, in his War Trilogy
neorealist, non-profession actors, location shooting
he thought that neorealist films made Italy look bad and gave financial incentives to other styles of film
all featured Ingrid Bergman, who he ended up having an affair with and three children
the apogee of neorealist aesthetics, but Zavattini called it the death of neorealism
then collapsed afterwards
prohibits talking about politically sensitive issues, nudity, profanity
"Pather Panchali" "Aparajito" and "Apu Sansar"
after the Revolution
by Solanas and Getino, Hollywood is First Cinema, European and Art House is Second Cinema