Canadian History December Exam

Kin-Ordered Social Formation

Disputed Evidence Suggests Aboriginal Presence in the Americas

30,000 BCE

Glaciers in North America Begin to Retreat

17,500 BCE

An ice-free corridor opens between the Laurentian and Cordilleran glaciers

13,000 BCE

Native peoples have established small settlements

10,000 BCE

These settlements are found throughout much of the area of present-day Canada. The people used fluted points to kill giant mammals such as mastodons and mammoths

Mastodons and mammoths have become extinct

9,000 BCE

The spear thrower is invented.

The Tunilt cross over the Bering Sea

2,000 BCE

They settle on the northern edge of the Boreal forest

Pacific costal peoples begin establishing permanent settlements

1,800 BCE

They also begin using watertight storage.

First peoples in Labrador make first use of bows and arrows

1,000 BCE

The adoption of these tools gradually moves west

Communities on the Pacific coast have become highly stratified

800 BCE

Introduction of agriculture among Iroquoian peoples

500 CE

Thule people from Alaska move into the Arctic region

1000 CE

Some Iroquoian communities have begun to live in palisad villages

1,000 CE

They make full-time use of agriculture.

Formation of Five Nations (Iroquois) Confederacy

1450 CE

Beginnings of sustained contract for some Aboriginal groups with Europeans

1500 CE

At the time, about 50 different Aboriginal cultures encompassing 12 different language groupings have been identified.

Seigneurial Social Formation