Moving West

A timeline about the changes America faced in the late 1800s.

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American Technology Patents

1861 - 1884

New inventions created at faster pace. It created competition to invent the new and best things.
Terms:
Industrialism- A social or economic system built on manufacturing industries

Native American Displacement

1862 - 1887

Pushing Native Americans out of their homelands as we move west. It caused uproar withing some Indians that were seen as "Savage" Native Americans.
Terms:
Transcontinental Railroad- a railroad network of trackage that crosses a continental land mass
Government Boarding School- Schools set up for Native Americans in the 1800s to convert them into the ways of the Americans.
Homestead- person's or family's residence, which comprises the land, house, and outbuildings, and in most states is exempt from forced sale for collection of debt
Expansionism- the philosophy held by those who believe in, as the dictionary describes it, "expanding a nation's territory or its sphere of influence, often at the expense of other[s]
Missionary-A person sent on a religious mission, esp. one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country
Armistice- a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms

Early Labor Struggles

1869 - 1895

Improper working conditions caused many problems within the workplace in the US. Many riots where caused and violence was prominent.

Terms:
Strike- A refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest, typically in an attempt to gain a concession or concessions
Union-An organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests.
Injunction-A court order that prohibits any individual or group from performing any act that violates the rights of other individuals concerned
National Market-A market that has customers throughout the nation.
Horizontal Integration- absorption into a single firm of several firms involved in the same level of production and sharing resources at that level.
Vertical Integration- The combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.
Merger- Two companies in one.

American Technology Patents

Innovations in the US

First Transcontinental Telegraph

1861

Replaced Pony Express. People received messages at a faster rate. There was no longer a need for men on horses to carry letters.

Alexander Graham Bell Invents the Telephone

1876

Promotes easier communication between two people at a faster rate. This invention provided a platform that created all phone industry today.

Edison Invents the First Electric Light

1878

This was a major introduction to inventions in the 1800s. People could now do things at night such work or do business without just dull candles for lighting.

Native American Displacement

Pushing Native Americans West

Sand Creek Massacre

1864

Over 150 men, women, and children murdered by Chivington and his men on a drunken raid

Purchase of Alaska

1867

The U.S. purchases Alaska from Russia.

Transcontinental Railroad Completed

1868

The railroad spread across the nation. This promoted easier travel, movement of goods, and information from city to city.

Gold Discovered in Sioux Lands

1875

Americans pushed Sioux out and took over their 'holy' lands. This caused disputes and hate between the Sioux nation and the Americans.

Custer's Last Stand

1876

Custer's attempt to prevent an uprising from Sitting Bull that ultimately failed.

Dawes Act of 1887

1887

Allowed Native American land to be divided and alloted to individual Native Americans.

Massacre at Wounded Knee

1890

Several Native Americans including women and children were wounded or murdered by the Americans who were trying to prevent another uprising caused by the 'ghost dances' This caused a lot of hostility between groups of people.

Early Labor Struggles

Early problems in the workplace.

National Labor Union founded

1866

This provided some form of workmen's rights but caused many disagreements and conflicts

John D. Rockefeller establishes the Standard Oil Trust

1879

Rockefeller was one of the most prominent figures in the 1800s. He was a smart business man and made a ton of money with his ideas.

First Labor Day

1882

This was planned by the Central Labor Union. It was a great day for all workers struggling with their rights.

Haymarket Affair

1886

This was when a bombing took place at a labor demonstration at Haymarket Square in Chicago. What was supposed to be a peaceful rally supporting the abused workers turned into a massacre when someone threw a stick of dynamite at a police officer. This killed 7 policemen and 4 citizens.

Pullman Strike

1894

A nationwide railroad strike that revolved around the application of U.S. antitrust laws to activities by labor unions. The company cut wages severely and angered many workers. Troopers interfered killing 22 strikers and the union was broken apart leaving many afraid to join another.