killed a third of Europe's population, created greater food supply and tendency to take risks
Columbus’s arrival in the Caribbean ended the age-old separation of the hemispheres and initiated the Columbian exchange, a transatlantic exchange of goods, people, and ideas.Spaniards brought to the New World Christianity, iron technology, sailing ships, firearms, wheeled vehicles, and horses, but also, unknowingly, carried with them Old World viruses that decimated native populations. Ancient American people, ideas, and goods (such as tobacco) made the return trip across the Atlantic.
relates to main layer
Columbus goes to America. America is named after Amerigo Vespucci. He finds the natives (Tainos)
Portugese who goes around Africa to route to Asia
German monk who creates the first map with the Americas.
He circumnavigates the globe: strides for exploration
Hernán Cortés arrived in the New World in 1504, seeking adventure and to make a name for himself. Cortés was greatly aided by a fourteen-year-old girl named Malinali (whom the Spaniards called Marina), who spoke several native languages and served as an interpreter for Cortés and his men.
3. Montezuma, the Mexican emperor, sent representatives from the capital city, Tenochtitlán, bearing gifts fit for gods, including fine gold. In August 1519, Cortés marched inland to find Montezuma. Cortés quickly took the Mexican emperor hostage. He later precipitated a revolt by the citizens of Tenochtitlán, who killed Montezuma because they viewed him as a puppet of the Spanish and mounted a ferocious attack on the Spaniards. In the spring of 1521, Cortés and tens of thousands of Indian allies mounted a complex campaign against the Mexican capital; by August, they were victorious.
Treaty of Tordesailles split the new world between Spain and Portugal along an imaginary line through the canary islands.