Japanese History: Meiji Era

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Masculinity Redefined

1870

First Trains Built

1870

Mail System Revamped

1875

Treaty with Korea

1876

Satsuma Rebellion

1877

A samurai uprising against the Meiji government

Chiba Takusaburo writes a Constitution draft

1880

Matsukata Deflation

1881

Put into place because uneven treaties made foreign goods cheaper, only farmers and lenders profiting, made it hard for Japan to compete with other countries

Freedom and People's Rights Movement

1882

Japanese run coup of Korean government

1884

Chichibu incident

1884

Large scale peasant revolt. Tokugawa style uprising, put down in Meiji fashion - government shot them down, arrested many, and hung many more

Ito Hirobumi makes himself Prime minister, cabinet created

1885

"Dancing Cabinet" (rokumeikan)
had secret meetings about making a constitution

Constitution is Promulgated

Feb 11, 1889

Same date as holiday called Kigensesu or "founding day" - legendary day of founding of emperor Jinmu
Promulgated Constitution 'in name of ancestors'
Tried to unite new and old, appearance of having Constitution very important, link to glory of empire, importance of the emperor, Emperor as bestowing Constitution upon the people

Constitution is introduced

1890

The Imperial Rescript on Education

1891

Basically education supposed to create perfect members of a confucian society that serves the emperor; very conservative

END OF MEIJI RESTORATION - return to Japanese Tradition

Politics take a conservative turn

1892

government solidifies into more conservative state, revering the emperor - but backed up by modern state

Sino-Japanese War

1895

Russo-Japanese War

Feb 8, 1904 - Sept 5, 1905

Education

66 schools in Kyoto

1869