Abraham Licoln was elected the 16th President of the United States, he was the first republican to win the presidency.
South Carolina Secedes
December 20, 1860
The election of Abraham Licoln for president prompted South Carolina to secede.
January 10, 1861 - February 9, 1861
Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas all seceded from the Union at this time.
Mar 4, 1861
Licoln is inagurated as President, and gives a warning to the south, he will not tolerate secession.
Confederate Constituion Signed
Mar 11, 1861
The Constituion of the Confederate United States is signed in Montgomery, Alabama.
Civil War Begins
April 12, 1861
The Civil War in the United States of America officialy starts.
April 17, 1861 - May 20, 1861
Virginia, Arkansas, Tennesee, and North Carolina all secede from the union.
Battle of Shiloh
Apr 8, 1862 - Apr 9, 1862
Ulysses S. Grant and his army were suprised in the town of Shiloh. More Americans died than had any in all previous American wars combined. Proved as a waking point for the U.S., this battle would last longer than 90 days.
Robert E. Lee
Jun 1, 1862
Robert E. Lee assumes command of the confederate army.
Bull Run (Manassas) 2nd Battle
McClellan is replaced, and Lee and Stonewall Jackson defeat the North in the 2nd Bull Run.
Even though heavily outnumbered, Robert E. Lee's troops face McClellan. There are over 23,000 casualties. Lee is forced to retreat to Virginia.
September 23, 1862
Lincoln decides that all slaves in the rebel states will be free, this does not affect the border states.
Battle of Chancellorsville
May 2, 1863 - May 3, 1863
This is Robert E. Lee's greatest victory, Stonewall Jackson is wounded and dies.
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863
Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North fails. After three days of fighting, Lee retreats. With 4,000 confederates dead, and the total causalities equaling Union: 23,000 and Confederates: 28,000.
Battle of Vicksburg
July 4, 1863
After a long siege, Vicksburg surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant.
November 19, 1863
Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address.
Battle of Chattanooga
November 23, 1863 - November 25, 1863
Grant is reinforced with troops, and pushes Southern troops back.
Ulysses S. Grant Promoted
March 9, 1864
Grant becomes General in Chief, and is given control of all Union Armies.
Battle of the Wilderness
May 5, 1864 - May 6, 1864
Lee versus Grant in the battle of the Wilderness. After the fight, Grant resumes his march even after suffering huge losses.
Battle of Petersburg
June 15, 1864 - June 18, 1864
Ulysses S. Grant attacks Petersburg, Virginia. Begins siege after Lee's army arrives to protect important city.
November 8, 1864
Lincoln gets reelected as the President of the United States.
February 17, 1865
Union forces capture of Columbia and Charleston, South Carolina.
Battle of Bentonville
March 19, 1865 - March 21, 1865
The Confederate army slows down General E. Sherman's army.
Battle of Five Forks
April 1, 1865
Ulysess S. Grant breaks Lee's Petersburg defenses and forces the Confederates to abandon Petersburg.
April 9, 1865
Lee surrenders the army of North Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at a court house in Virginia.
April 14, 1865
President Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
May 10, 1865
Jefferson Davis is captured, President Andrew Johnson declares that the South has ceased Army resistance.
December 6, 1865
Slavery was abolished throughout the U.S.A, and all the states.