The Civil War

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Lincoln Elected President

November 6, 1860

Abraham Licoln was elected the 16th President of the United States, he was the first republican to win the presidency.

South Carolina Secedes

December 20, 1860

The election of Abraham Licoln for president prompted South Carolina to secede.

States Secede

January 10, 1861 - February 9, 1861

Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas all seceded from the Union at this time.

Licoln Inaguration

Mar 4, 1861

Licoln is inagurated as President, and gives a warning to the south, he will not tolerate secession.

Confederate Constituion Signed

Mar 11, 1861

The Constituion of the Confederate United States is signed in Montgomery, Alabama.

Civil War Begins

April 12, 1861

The Civil War in the United States of America officialy starts.

States Secede

April 17, 1861 - May 20, 1861

Virginia, Arkansas, Tennesee, and North Carolina all secede from the union.

Battle of Shiloh

Apr 8, 1862 - Apr 9, 1862

Ulysses S. Grant and his army were suprised in the town of Shiloh. More Americans died than had any in all previous American wars combined. Proved as a waking point for the U.S., this battle would last longer than 90 days.

Robert E. Lee

Jun 1, 1862

Robert E. Lee assumes command of the confederate army.

Bull Run (Manassas) 2nd Battle

August, 1862

McClellan is replaced, and Lee and Stonewall Jackson defeat the North in the 2nd Bull Run.

Antietam

September, 1862

Even though heavily outnumbered, Robert E. Lee's troops face McClellan. There are over 23,000 casualties. Lee is forced to retreat to Virginia.

Emancipation Proclamation

September 23, 1862

Lincoln decides that all slaves in the rebel states will be free, this does not affect the border states.

Battle of Chancellorsville

May 2, 1863 - May 3, 1863

This is Robert E. Lee's greatest victory, Stonewall Jackson is wounded and dies.

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1, 1863 - July 3, 1863

Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North fails. After three days of fighting, Lee retreats. With 4,000 confederates dead, and the total causalities equaling Union: 23,000 and Confederates: 28,000.

Battle of Vicksburg

July 4, 1863

After a long siege, Vicksburg surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant.

Gettysburg Address

November 19, 1863

Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address.

Battle of Chattanooga

November 23, 1863 - November 25, 1863

Grant is reinforced with troops, and pushes Southern troops back.

Ulysses S. Grant Promoted

March 9, 1864

Grant becomes General in Chief, and is given control of all Union Armies.

Battle of the Wilderness

May 5, 1864 - May 6, 1864

Lee versus Grant in the battle of the Wilderness. After the fight, Grant resumes his march even after suffering huge losses.

Battle of Petersburg

June 15, 1864 - June 18, 1864

Ulysses S. Grant attacks Petersburg, Virginia. Begins siege after Lee's army arrives to protect important city.

Lincoln Relected

November 8, 1864

Lincoln gets reelected as the President of the United States.

Union Capture

February 17, 1865

Union forces capture of Columbia and Charleston, South Carolina.

Battle of Bentonville

March 19, 1865 - March 21, 1865

The Confederate army slows down General E. Sherman's army.

Battle of Five Forks

April 1, 1865

Ulysess S. Grant breaks Lee's Petersburg defenses and forces the Confederates to abandon Petersburg.

Lee's Surrender

April 9, 1865

Lee surrenders the army of North Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at a court house in Virginia.

Lincoln Assassinated

April 14, 1865

President Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.

Captured

May 10, 1865

Jefferson Davis is captured, President Andrew Johnson declares that the South has ceased Army resistance.

Slavery Abolished

December 6, 1865

Slavery was abolished throughout the U.S.A, and all the states.