1st Semester: U.S. History

Other

Election of 1820

1820
  • Monroe wins
  • No more Federalists
  • "Era of Good Feelings"

Election of 1824

1824

Corrupt Bargain:
- Jackson, Clay, and Quincy Adams
- Clay drops out and puts support behind Adams
- Adams wins and makes Clay Secretary of States

Election of 1828

1828
  • Jackson vs. Quincy Adams
  • Jackson won

Election of 1860

1860

Significance: Triggered the South’s decision to want to leave the Union

Unit I: British Colonization of North America and American Independence

House of Burgesses

1619
  • Jamestown, VA
  • English colonies
  • 1st form of self-government in the colonies

Mayflower Compact

1620
  • 1st written self-gov in colonies

- an agreement to follow equal laws set by representatives of their choosing

Iroquois Confederacy

1722

Who: Eastern tribes
What:
A powerful group of Native Americans in the eastern part of the United States
they played a strategic role in the struggle between the French and British for control of North America
When: 1722
Where: North east United States

"Common Sense"

1776

Written by Thomas Payne
Purpose: explain why the colonies wanted to leave Britain
-Blamed it on the king of England
-Wanted to be able to use factors of Parliament later in their representative government

Unit II: Formation of a New Government

Articles of Confederation

1781 - 1789
  • 1st governing document in the United States (Not the colonies though, that was the Mayflower Compact) -Was weak: >Couldn’t tax >Couldn’t print a national currency >To make changes their needed to be total consensus

Annapolis Convention

1786
  • Annapolis, MD
  • Purpose: To discuss economic problems > Agreed to meet in Philadelphia and revise the Articles of Confederation > Ends up being the Constitutional Convention were they write the Constitution

Northwest Ordinance

1787

What: Admitting new states into the union
When: 1787
Where: Northwest United States

Unit III: Pursuit of Economic Growth in Early America

Samuel Slater

1791
  • A British mechanic that moved to America
  • 1791, invented the 1st American machine for spinning cotton
  • “Father of the Factory System”
  • Started the idea of child labor in American factories

The National Road

1811 - 1838
  • From Cumberland, Md to Vandalia, Il
  • Made travel and transportation easier because it was 1 continuos road

Era of Good Feelings

1815 - 1824
  • Name of President Monroe’s 2 terms
  • Strong nationalism, economic growth and expansion
  • No partisan conflicts

The American System of Manufactures

1816

The concept of interchangeable parts

The Market Revolution

1820 - 1830
  • Dramatic increase in the exchange of goods and services
  • Cause: >Increased output of farmers and factories >Transportation (railroads, canals, and roads)
  • People began to buy and sell instead of bartering

The Erie Canal

1825
  • Canal in New York
  • Allowed Western farmers to ship surplus crops to sell in the North

Trail of Tears

1838 - 1839

Who: Cherokee Indians
What: Under Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy, the Cherokee indians were forced to move west of the Mississippi. Was called the “Trail of Tears” because of its devastating effects.

When: 1838-1839
Where: West of the Mississippi
Why: The United States government wanted the Indian’s lands for expansion

Unit IV: Social Inequality and Reform in Early 19th Century America

Unit V: Pursuit of Happiness Territorial Expansion and the Approaching Civil War

Louisiana Purchase

1803 - 1804

Who: France to the UNited States government
What: Sale of the Louisiana territories from France to the United States
When: 1803-1804
Where: The middle area of the United States
Why: It doubled the size of the country

Empresarios

1830

Who: a land agents
What:
Land agents that owned land legally from formal contracts with the Mexican government
In return they had to become Mexican citizens and adopt the Catholic religion
When:1830s
Where: Texas and Mexico
Why: To gain land

Oregon Fever

1840

Who: Midwest farmers
What: Midwest farmers moving to Oregon and becoming the majority of Oregon’s permanent settlers
When: 1840s
Where: Oregon
Why: free land and patriotism

Manifest Destiny

1845

Who: Americans onto the Indians
What: It was the Americans God-given right to expand west
When: 1845

Dred Scott v. Sandford

1846 - 1857

Mexican-American War

1846 - 1848

Wanted control Texas

Sutter's Mill

1848

What: Location where gold was found
When: 1840s
Where: California
Significance: Was the beginning of teh “gold rush” era and the migration West that came with it

The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

1848

What: Peace treaty between the United States and Mexico which ended the Mexican-American War

Fugitive Slave Law

1850

Gadsden Purchase

1853

Who: United States from Mexico
What:The purchase of land form Mexico
When: 1853
Where: Southern Arizona and New Mexico land
Significance: One of the last major territorial purchases

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Who: Stephen Douglas
What:
Repealed the Missouri Compromise
Allowed slavery in the areas north of the 36° 30´ latitude
Said that the issue of slavery would be decided through popular sovereignty
- After the bill passed violence erupted in Kansas between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers
When: 1854
Why: To further the construction of a transcontinental railroad

Founding the Republican Party

1854

Lecompton Constitution

1857

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

1858

Who: Senator Stephen Douglas vs. Abe Lincoln
What: Communities debates over slavery
When: Summer and Autumn of 1858
Where: Throughout Illinois
Significance: Gave Lincoln the publicity that helped him become president