Solo Vocal Lit Timeline

Main

French Revolution begins

1789

Louis XVI executed

1792

Franz II becomes Holy Roman Emperor

1792

Eli Whitney invents cotton gin

1793

Founding of Opera-National de Paris

1793

Founding of Conservatoire de Paris

1795

Berlioz's Life

1803 - 1869

Napoleon declares himself emperor

1804

Holy Roman Empire dissolved

1806

Liszt's Life

1811 - 1886

Napoleon defeated at Waterloo

1815

Gounod's Life

1818 - 1893

Sebastian Erard invents faster action for piano

1821

Baudelaire's life

1821 - 1867

Franck's life

1822 - 1890

Revolutions in France and Belgium

1830

Premiere of "Symphonie fantastique"

December 1830

Chopin moves to Paris

1831

Saint-Saens's life

1835 - 1921

Railroads spread across Europe and US

1840

Berlioz completes "Les nuits d'ete"

1841

Verlaine's life

1844 - 1896

Faure's Life

1845 - 1924

War between US and Mexico

1846

Revolutions throughout Europe

1848

California Gold Rush

1848

Karl Marx publishes "Communist Manifesto"

1848

London firm Broadwood making 2,000 pianos a year

1850

Beginning of Second French Empire under Napoleon III

1852

Baudelaire publishes "Les fleurs de mal"

1857

Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species"

1859

First African-American spirituals published

1860

Beginning of American Civil War

1861

Russia abolishes serfdom

1861

Debussy's Life

1862 - 1918

Otto von Bismarck appointed premier of Prussia

1862

Satie's life

1866 - 1925

Premiere of Gounod's "Romeo et Juliette"

April 27, 1867

Faure composes "La bonne chanson"

1869

Beginning of Franco-Prussian War

1870

German Empire unites German states outside Austria

1871

Monet paints "Impression of a Sunrise"

1872

Hahn's life

1874 - 1947

Ravel's Life

1875 - 1937

Thomas Edison perfects the electric light bulb

1879

Premiere of Saint-Saens's organ symphony

1886

Milhaud's life

1892 - 1974

Eiffel Tower erected

1898

Spanish-American War

1898

Poulenc's life

1899 - 1963

Sigmund Freud publishes "The Interpretation of Dreams"

1899

Copland's life

1900 - 1990

Oil fields discovered in Texas, Persia, and Russia

1900

Finzi's life

1901 - 1956

Premiere of Debussy's "Pellease et Melisande"

1902

Wright brothers fly in first airplane

1903

Ravel writes Scheherazade

1905

Albert Einstein's first paper on the theory of relativity

1905

Henry Ford designs Model T

1908

Britten's life

1913 - 1976

WWI

1914 - 1918

Women in US and Britain given right to vote

1918

WWII

1939 - 1945

Poulenc writes "La Bestiare"

1946

Britten writes "A charm of lullabies"

1947

Copland publishes "Old American Songs"

1950