Important Events and Music

Medieval Period

476-The Fall of Roman Empire

476

8th Century-Gregorian Chant becomes standard in the West

700 - 800

820- Begginings of Music Notation (9th Century)

820

ca. 1145-"Knights Your Salvation is Assured"

1145

13th Century-"Estampie real" (French)

1200

1348-The Black Death begins in Europe

1348

1450-Gutenburg invents printing press

1450

1453-The Fall of Constantinople

1453

Baroque Period

ca. 1600-Beginnings of Opera

1600

1648- Aria and Recitative develops as distinct froms

1648

1696-Sonato genre emerges

1696

1700-Pianoforte invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori

1700

1722- J.S. Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I

1722

1742-Messiah

1742

1750-Death of Bach considered end of Baroque Era

1750

Renaissance Period

1534-Passereau: "Il est bel et bon"

1534

ca. 1570-90-Palestrina: Missa Benedicta es

1570 - 1590

1595-Morley: "Now is the Month of Maying"

1595

1597-Gabrieli: 16-voice motet Omnes gentes

1597

Classical Period

1770-The New England Psalm Singer published by William Billings

1770

1775-1783-American Revolution

1775 - 1783

1776-The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith

1776

1786-Mozart: The Marriage of Figaro

1786

1789-1799-French Revolution

1789 - 1799

1795-Haydn: Symphony No. 104 "London"

1795

1820-Shubert: Erlkonig

1820

1824-Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 in D Minor

1824

1830-Berlioz:Symphonie Fantastique

1830

1830-French Revolution

1830

Romantic Period and 19th Century

1830-1849- Chopin Active in Paris

1830 - 1849

1848 The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

1848

1859- The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin

1859

1861-1865-American Civil War & Abolition of Slavery in U.S.

1861 - 1865

1868-Brahms: German Requiem

1868

1876-Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake

1876

1879-Gilbert and Sullivan: Pirates of Penzance

1879

20th Century

1890-1950- Popularity of Vaudeville & Tin Pan Alley

1890 - 1950

1890-1920- Popularity of Ragtime

1890 - 1920

1897- Puccini: La Boheme

1897

1903-1905- Claude Debussy: La Mer

1903 - 1905

19teens-Animal Dances

1910 - 1919

1912- Arnold Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire

1912

1912- Charles Ives: Three Places in New England

1912

1913-Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps (The Rite of Spring)

1913

1914-1918 World War I

1914 - 1918

1914-1918- World War I

1914 - 1918

1915-1917- Bela Bartok: Second String Quartet

1915 - 1917

1917-1920s-Development of Dixieland

1917 - 1920

1917- Jass Moves Up the River/Closing of Storyville

1917

1919-Women granted the right to vote

1919

1920 Jazz Era begins

1920

1920-1933- Prohibition leads to growth

1920 - 1933

1924-George Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue

1924

1925-"Grand Ole Opry" begins as Barn DAnce on WSM Radio

1925

1927- Louis Armstron and His Hot Five: "Hotter Than That"

1927

1929-1939-Great Depression

1929 - 1939

1930-1960-Popularity of Minstrel Shows

1930 - 1960

1938- Aaron Copland: Billy the Kid

1938

1939- Duke Ellington: "Take the A Train"

1939

1940-1945- World War II

1940 - 1945

1946-Nat King Cole: (Get Your Kicks on) "Route 66"

1946

1950-Loesser: Guys and Dolls

1950

1951- Ike Turner and the Kings of Rhythm: "Rocket 88"

1951

1952- John Cage: 4'33"

1952

1954- Billy Haley and His Comets: "Rock Around the Clock"

1954

1956- Chuck Berry: "Roll Over Beethoven"

1956

1957-Bernstein and Sondheim: West Side Story

1957

1957-Frank Sinatra: "Come Fly With Me"

1957

1958-Miles Davis: "Summertime"

1958

1962- Bob Dylan Becomes Popular

1962

1963-M.L.King's "I Have A Dream" Speech & Assassination of Pres. Kennedy

1963

1964- The Beatles Invasion of U.S.

1964

1965- The Rolling Stones: "I Can't Get No Satisfaction"

1965

1965- James Brown: "I Got You" (I Feel Good)

1965

1967- The Beatles: "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band"

1967

1969- First Man on the Moon

1969

1969-1975-Vietnam War

1969 - 1975

1982-Ellen Zwilick:Symphony No. 1

1982

1989- Fall of Berlin Wall

1989

1992- Twisted Sister: "We're Not Gonna Take It"

1992

21st Century

2001- 9/11 Terrosrist Attacks

2001