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Columbus (c.1451-1506)

1451 - 1506

Columbus (c.1451Genoa -1506 Valladolid)
Diario de abordo
Carta a Luis Santangel
El Libro de las Profecías c.1501-5

Motolinia (1482 -1568)

1482 - 1568

Fray Toribio de Benavente (1482, Benavente, Spain- 1568, Mexico City) Franciscan
1524- Among the first twelve missionaries to be sent to the New World. In a famous letter to Charles V he undertook a virulent attack upon Bishop Bartolomé de las Casas, intending to discredit him completely.
-Historia de los Indios de la Nueva España which was not published until 1858, by Joaquin Garcia Icazbalceta.
-Memoriales, first published in 1903.

Las Casas (1484-1566)

1484 - 1566

Bartolomé de las Casas O.P. (c. 1484 Seville – 18 July 1566, Madrid)
1493 Witnesses Columbus’ return from Indies (age 9)
1498 sailed with Columbus on his third voyage(itt?)
1502 Leaves for first trip to Española.
1522 Enters the Dominicans, age 36. Begins writing Historia General de las Indias. From this important text he would later write Apologética Historia.
1530 Writes De Unico Vocationis Modo Omnium Infidelium ad Veram Religionem
1546 Publishes Confessario
1550-1551 Debates Sepúlveda in Valladolid - Argumentum Apologiae
1552 Publishes the Brevíssma Relación de la Destruición de las Indias.

Hernán Cortés (1485-1547)

1485 - 1547

Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro (1485 – December 2, 1547)

Andrés de Olmos (c. 1485 – 1571)

1485 - 1571

Andrés de Olmos (c. 1485, Oña, Burgos, Spain, – 1571, Tampico in New Spain (modern-day Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico)
1536 of the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco

Olmos, Fray Andrés de. 1547. Arte de la Lengua Mexicana. Edición, estudio introductorio, transliteración y notas de Ascensión Hernández de León-Portilla y Miguel León-Portilla. 2002. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM).

Bernal Díaz (1492-1585)

1492 - 1585

Bernal Díaz del Castillo (1492-1585)

Bernardino de Sahagún (1499 -1590)

1499 - 1590

Bernardino de Sahagún (1499 – October 23, 1590)

Muñoz Camargo (c. 1529-99)

1529 - 1599

Diego Muñoz Camargo (c. 1529-99)

Diego Durán (c. 1537–1588)

1537 - 1588

Diego Durán (c. 1537–1588) Historia de las Indias de Nueva España e islas de Tierra Firme, a veces referida como Códice Durán; fue editada por vez primera en varios volúmenes entre 1867 y 1880 por el interés de José Fernando Ramírez de rescatar dicho manuscrito de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid.

Alva Ixtlilxóchitl (c1570-1648)

1570 - 1648

Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxóchitl (c1570, -1648, Mexico City)

Fernando Alvarado Tezozomoc (1579-1660)

1579 - 1660

Chimalpahin (1579-1660)

1579 - 1660

Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin (1579, Amecameca, Chalco—1660, Mexico City),

Sigüenza y Góngora (1645 -1700)

1645 - 1700

Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora (August 14, 1645 – August 22, 1700)

Boturini (1702-1753)

1702 - 1753

Lorenzo Boturini Benaduci (1702, Como, Italy – 1753, Madrid)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorenzo_Boturini_Benaduci

Echeverría y Veytia (1718-1780)

1718 - 1780

Mariano Fernández de Echeverría y Veytia * Puebla 16 de julio de 1718 - † México, 25 de febrero de 1780.
Historia de Puebla de los Ángeles,
Historia antigua de México (continuación de la obra inconclusa de Lorenzo Boturini).-published 1836
1737(age 19)-emprendió un largo viaje para visitar Francia, Inglaterra, Italia, Palestina, Marruecos y Portugal y para establecerse por un tiempo en España con objeto de arreglar varios asuntos de su padre.
Academia de los Curiosos
Friend of Boturini - continued his work
Por coincidencia mientras Veytia escribía en la capital de la Nueva España su Historia de México, Francisco Javier Clavijero escribía en Italia la suya, por lo cual al saberlo ambos historiadores llegaron a comunicarse alguna vez epistolarmente sus impresiones y conocimientos.
1780-govt of Spain ordered his writings collected and sent to the Corte
Cruzado, Manuel (1894). «Veytia». Memoria para la bibliografía jurídica mexicana. México: Antigua Impr. de E. Murguía. pp. 22-28.

Clavijero (1731-1787)

1731 - 1787

Antonio de León y Gama (1735 – 1802)

1735 - 1802

Antonio de León y Gama (1735 – 1802, Mexico City)

Exp. of Jesuits, 1767

1767

Humboldt (1769-1859)

1769 - 1859

Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (September 14, 1769 – May 6, 1859)

Carlos María de Bustamante (1774-1848)

1774 - 1848

Carlos María de Bustamante (4 November 1774 – 29 September 1848)

Kingsborough (1795-1837)

1795 - 1837

Edward King, Viscount Kingsborough (16 November 1795 – 27 February 1837)

José Fernando Ramírez (1804-1871)

1804 - 1871

José Fernando Ramírez (Parral, Chihuahua, 5 de mayo de 1804 - Bonn, Alemania, 4 de marzo de 1871) Realizó una edición transliterada de la obra de fray Diego Durán titulada la Historia de las Indias de Nueva España e Islas de Tierra Firme y defendía la tesis, debatida en su tiempo, de que este autor era mexicano, de padre español y madre mexicana nativa.

Faustino Galicia Chimalpopoca (1805-1877)

1805 - 1877

Translated - Anales de Cuauhtitlan
Silabario de idioma mexicano (1849)
Epítome o modo fácil de aprender el idioma nahuatl o lengua mexicana (1869)
(Tláhuac, Ciudad de México, 1805 - Ibidem, 1877)

Brasseur de Bourbourg (1814-1875)

1814 - 1874

Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg (8 September 1814 – 8 January 1874)

Joaquín García Icazbalceta (1824-1894)

1824 - 1894

Joaquín García Icazbalceta (August 21, 1824 – November 26, 1894)

Loubat (1831-1927)

1831 - 1927

Joseph Florimond Loubat (January 31, 1831 – March 1, 1927, New York)
1893 - ennobled as Duc de Loubat by Pope Leo XIII

Vicente Riva Palacio (1832-1896)

1832 - 1896

Vicente Riva Palacio (1832-1896)

Maximiliano (1832-1867)

1832 - 1867

Maximilian I (Spanish: Maximiliano I; 6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867)

Brinton (1837-1899)

1837 - 1899

Daniel Garrison Brinton (1837-1899)

Antonio Peñafiel

1839 - 1922

1889 - designed Aztec exposition at World's Fair in Paris, "neo-Aztec temple in the Beaux-Arts style"

Alfredo Chavero (1841-1906)

1841 - 1906

Alfredo Chavero (1841-1906)

Paso y Troncoso (1842-1916)

1842 - 1916

Francisco de Borja del Paso y Troncoso (October 8, 1842 in Veracruz, Veracruz Mexico – April 30, 1916 in Florence, Italy)

1889 appointed director of National Archaeological Museum.
Los libros de Anáhuac, México, 1895; Comentario al Códice Borbónico, Florencia, 1905.
"Ensayos sobre los símbolos cronológicos de los mexicanos", 1892; "Estudio sobre la historia de la medicina en México", 1896; "Lingüística de la República Mexicana", 1886; "Códice indiano del Sr. Sánchez Solís", 1888; "Los trabajos lingüísticos de don Miguel Trinidad Palma", 1897; "Notas arqueológicas y cronológicas al estudio de interpretación del Códice Borgiano hecho por José Lino Fábrega", 1899-1900; "Lista de los pueblos principales que pertenecieron a Texcoco", 1897; " Utilidad de la lengua mexicana en algunos estudios literarios", 1897; "División territorial de la Nueva España en el año de 1636", 1912; "Escritura pictórica, el códice Kingsborough", 1912.

Seler (1849-1922)

1849 - 1922

Eduard Georg Seler (December 5, 1849 – November 23, 1922)

Zelia Nuttall (1857-1933)

1857 - 1933

Zelia Maria Magdalena Nuttall (September 6, 1857, San Francisco, CA – April 12, 1933, Coyoacán, Mexico)

Benito Juarez suspends interest payments on foreign debt

1861

President Benito Juárez's suspension of interest payments to foreign countries on 17 July 1861, which angered Mexico's major creditors: Spain, France and Britain.

US Civil War

1861 - 1865

Menéndez Pidal (1869-1968)

1869 - 1968

Ramón Menéndez Pidal (13 March 1869 - 14 November 1968)

Garibay (1892-1967)

1892 - 1967

Ángel María Garibay Kintana (June 18, 1892– October 19, 1967)

Benjamin Keen (1913–2002)

1913 - 2002

WW1

1914 - 1918

Francisco Franco becomes General of Spain.

1926

February 25, 1926
Francisco Franco becomes General of Spain.

Miguel León-Portilla (b.1926)

1926 - 2012

Miguel León-Portilla (born in Mexico City, February 22, 1926)

Great Depression

1929 - 1939

Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany

1933

1933
January 30 Nazi leader Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Paul Von Hindenburg.

James Lockhart (b.1933)

1933 - 2012

James Marvin Lockhart (born April 8, 1933)

Bierhorst (b.1936)

1936 - 2012

US in WW2

1939 - 1945

HM

1965 - 2012

Events

Founding of the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, 1536

1536

1536 of the Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco

U.S. annexation of Texas, 1845

1845

1845 U.S. annexation of Texas

Mexican-American War

1846 - 1848

Gadsden Purchase, 1853

1853

Gadsden Purchase, 1853

Cristero War, 1926-1929

1926 - 1929

Cristero War of 1926 to 1929

Government of Mexico

War for Mexico

1520 - 1521

Santa Ana (1794-1876)

1794 - 1876

Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876)

Benito Juárez (1806-1872)

1806 - 1872

Benito Juárez ( 21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872)

Porfiriato (1876-1910)

1876 - 1910

López Mateos, 1958-1964

1958 - 1964

Adolfo López Mateos, 1958-1964

Díaz Ordaz, 1964-1970

1964 - 1970

Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, 1964-1970

Echeverría, 1970-1976

1970 - 1976

Luis Echeverría Álvarez, 1970-1976

López Portillo, 1976-1982

1976 - 1982

José López Portillo y Pacheco

Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado, 1982-1988

1982 - 1988

Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado, 1982-1988

Salinas, 1988-1994

1988 - 1994

Carlos Salinas

Zedillo, 1994-2000

1994 - 2000

Ernesto Zedillo

Fox, 2000-2008

2000 - 2008

Vicente Fox Quesada

Chapter 1 - Tonalamatl

Mexican War of Independence,1810–1821

1810 - 1821

Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821)

Kingsborough's Antiquities

1830

Antiquities of Mexico: comprising fac-similes of ancient Mexican paintings and hieroglyphics, preserved in the royal libraries of Paris, Berlin and Dresden, in the Imperial library of Vienna, in the Vatican library; in the Borgian museum at Rome; in the library of the Institute at Bologna; and in the Bodleian library at Oxford. Together with the Monuments of New Spain, by M. Dupaix: with their respective scales of measurement and accompanying descriptions. The whole illustrated by many valuable inedited manuscripts, by Augustine Aglio. London: A. Aglio (Vols. 1–5), R. Havell (Vols. 6–7), H.G. Bohn (Vols. 8–9). 1830–1848.

Mexican Revolution

1910 - 1917

Borgia Dover Edition

1993

The Codex Borgia: A Full-Color Restoration of the Ancient Mexican Manuscript. 1993

FAMSI Website

2012

High definition faccimiles freely available online

Chapter 2 - War for tenochtitlan

Quincentennial of Columbus

1992

Lockhart. We People Here

1993

Lockhart. We People Here

Chapter 3 - Speeches & Songs

Rig Veda Americanus. 1890

1890

Brinton’s Library of Aboriginal American Literature. Number VIII. Rig Veda Americanus. Sacred songs of the ancient Mexicans, with a gloss in Nahuatl. Edited, with a paraphrase, notes and vocabulary, by Daniel G. Brinton. 1890

Llave del náhuatl, 1940

1940

Llave del náhuatl, 1940

Bierhorst. Cantares mexicanos

1985

Bierhorst. Cantares mexicanos

Chapter 4 - Native Historians

Anales de Cuauhtitlan

Alva Ixtlilxóchitl (c1570-1648)

1570 - 1648

Sigüenza y Góngora (1645 -1700)

1645 - 1700

Boturini (1702-1753)

1702 - 1753

Boturini in New Spain

1736 - 1743

Boturini went to New Spain in 1736, where he remained eight years. During those years he assembled a vast collection of paintings, maps, manuscripts and native codices. He copied more than 500 pre-Columbian inscriptions and made his own drawings of monuments and sculptures, and he investigated the history of the apparition of the Virgin of Guadalupe on the hill of Tepeyac. He traveled widely and on his travels brought together the largest collection of Mexican antiquities assembled to that time by a European.

Not only did he intend to write the history of the Virgin of Guadalupe, but he also had plans to crown her image with a gold crown. For that purpose he sought donations from the bishops and from the public. This brought him to the attention of the colonial government, which was suspicious of the motives of a foreigner making this proposal.

Boturini arrested

1743

On 2 June 1743 after an investigation, the recently arrived viceroy, Pedro Cebrián, 5th Count of Fuenclara, had him imprisoned and impounded his collection. He was accused of entering New Spain without license from the Council of the Indies and of introducing papal documents without a royal permit.

José Fernando Ramírez (1804-1871)

1804 - 1871

Faustino Galicia Chimalpopoca (1805-1877)

1805 - 1877

Brasseur de Bourbourg (1814-1875)

1814 - 1875

Gumersindo Mendoza (1834-1881)

1834 - 1881

Alfredo Chavero (1841-1906)

1841 - 1906

Maximiliano (1832-1867) in Mexico

April 10, 1864 - June 19, 1867

Chavero's Quetzalcoatl published (1885)

1885

Garibay (1892-1967)

1892 - 1967

Salvador Novo (1904-1974)

July 30, 1904 - Jan 13, 1974

1921 Gamio completes Temple of Q at Teotihuacan

1921

Miguel León-Portilla (b.1926)

1926 - 2013

In ticitezcatl (Novo), 1966

1966

La huida de Q (MLP), 2001

2001