History 102

Main

Aztecs found Tenochtitlan

1325

Ethiopia begins expansion.

1350 - 1400

Beginning of Ming dynasty

1368

Reign of Timur in Central Asia

1370 - 1406

First Voyage of Zheng He

1405

Chinese voyages of exploration

Portuguese establish stations in Azores

1435

Portuguese begin to obtain slaves from West Africa

1445

Inca begin conquest and expansion

1450

Ottomans capture Constantinople

1453

Reign of Ivan the Great

1462 - 1505

Russian expansion and supplanting of the Mongols

Centre of Power in southern Africa shifts from Zimbabwe to Mwene Mutapa

1475

First Portuguese diplomatic missions arrive in the Kongo

1480 - 1490

Portuguese establish trading post of Sao Jorge da Mina on West African Coast

1482

Sugar production begins in Canary Islands

1484

First voyage of Christopher Columbus, Castile captures Granada

1492 - 1493

John Cabot discovers direct route across North Atlantic

1496

First voyage of Vasco de Gama

1497

Vasco de Gama reaches India; Aztec Empire reaches its peak

1500

Direct trade between Southern India and Portugal begins.

Portuguese trading post at Goa (India) established

1510

Importation of slave labor in the Spanish colonies begins

1510

Discovery of the Gulf Stream

1513

Spanish conquest of Mexico and Peru

1518 - 1546

Babur founds Mughal Empire (India)

1519

Spanish navigators complete first global navigation

1519 - 1521

Absorption of Mesoamerican and Andean cities into Spanish Empire

1520 - 1540

Spanish capture Tenochtitlan, end of Aztec Empire

1521

Russian conquest of Kazzan

1552 - 1556

Mughal expansion and centralization under Akbar

1556 - 1605

Russian colonization of lower Volga and Siberia

1560 - 1650

Brazil becomes major importer of slaves and worlds major sugar producer

1570 - 1590

Reign of Toyotomi Hedyoshi

1585 - 1598

East India Company founded

1600

British colonization of North America, expansion, intensive farming in India

1600 - 1700

Dutch East India Company founded

1602

English found Virginia

1609

Dutch found Batavia (Indonesia)

1619

Portuguese expelled from trading posts in Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean

1620 - 1640

Large scale Chinese immigration to Taiwan

1620 - 1670

Dutch merchants only Europeans allowed in Japan

1640

Mughal Empire covers most of Indian subcontinent under Aurangzeb

1656 - 1707

French establish trading post at Pondicherry (India)

1674

King Phillip's War (New England)

1676

Discovery of gold and diamond prompts further expansion into Brazil

1680 - 1690

Treaty of Nerchinsk with China checks Russian expansion eastward

1689

Charleston, South Carolina, exports up to 85 000 deerskins a year

1690 - 1700