Peter Paul Ruben

Main

A permanent colony is first established in Argentina

1580

Juan de Garay, founds the second colony in Argentina in the name of Spain. It is the first permanent one.

Gregorian calendar is implemented

1582

Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar

First English colony in North America is founded

1587

Founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, the first English colony on what is now known as America is located in what is presently North Carolina.

Spanish armada defeated

1588

The English defeat the Spanish Armada

Boris Godunov becomes Russian czar

1598

Russia gains a new leader as Boris Godunov takes control.

Russian Famine

1601 - 1603

A famine kills about a third of the Russian population

Queen Elizabeth dies

3/24/1603

Don Quixote de la Mancha is published

1605

Miguel de Cervantes publishes this well known Spanish comedy about a delusional man who believes he is a young cowboy.

Jamestown, Virginia is established

1606

The first permanent English colony in America is established

Quebec is founded by the French

1608

Champlain founds Quebec in what is now known as Canada

Laws of Planetary Motion published

1609

Johannes Kepler writes a book explaining the orbit of the planets around the sun.

Galileo proves the Copernican system

1610

Using his handmade telescope, Galileo proves that the planets rotate the sun and not the earth.

William Shakespeare dies

1616

The great English playwrite, William Shakespeare, dies

30 year war has begun

1618

A war between the Austrian Catholics and the German Protestants has begun, with many European countries later taking sides.

Pilgrims arrive at Plymouth, Massachusetts

1620

Traveling on the Mayflower, the pilgrims reach what is then English soil on the North American continent

Louis XIII becomes king of France

1624

Only nine years old, Louis XIII became king of France. Due to his young age, Cardinal Richelieu was made Chief Minister to help him rule.