Juan de Garay, founds the second colony in Argentina in the name of Spain. It is the first permanent one.
Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian calendar
Founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, the first English colony on what is now known as America is located in what is presently North Carolina.
The English defeat the Spanish Armada
Russia gains a new leader as Boris Godunov takes control.
A famine kills about a third of the Russian population
Miguel de Cervantes publishes this well known Spanish comedy about a delusional man who believes he is a young cowboy.
The first permanent English colony in America is established
Champlain founds Quebec in what is now known as Canada
Johannes Kepler writes a book explaining the orbit of the planets around the sun.
Using his handmade telescope, Galileo proves that the planets rotate the sun and not the earth.
The great English playwrite, William Shakespeare, dies
A war between the Austrian Catholics and the German Protestants has begun, with many European countries later taking sides.
Traveling on the Mayflower, the pilgrims reach what is then English soil on the North American continent
Only nine years old, Louis XIII became king of France. Due to his young age, Cardinal Richelieu was made Chief Minister to help him rule.