The Portugese colonized Africa to be used as a Trading post and a pitstop. They also started a failing operation to convert the natives to Christian.
This is the time that Christopher Columbus arrived, and the beginning of American Colonization.
This was the Treaty that divided South America between the Spanish and the Portugese.
This was truly the company that ruled the seas. The East India Company was founded in 1602 and was made to control trade on the seas until they went broke in 1799.
The English now have complete control over India's resources for a full 100 years.
The first colony in Australia was in Sydney, Australia.