Ravenna and Byzantine World, ca. 6th C.

Main

d. Arius

336

d. Galla Placidia

450

Fourth Oecumenical Council at Chalcedon

451

Theodoric Born

454

454-526
r. 493-526

Emperor Zeno

474 - 491

Emperor Anastasius

491 - 518

b. Belisarius

500

ca. 500

r. Justin I

518 - 527

Sts. Sergius and Bacchus, construction

527 - 536

Laid down in 527 when Justinian comes to power, completed before 536 when mentioned as used in Synods of that year.

Justinian, Emperor

527 - 565

Emperor of Byzantium and the East

Nika Riots; Eternal Peace with Persia

532

J's response and attempted reconcilation of Three Chapters begins

532

Synods, Constantinople 536

536

Part of Three Chapters Controversy

Patriarch John the Cappadocian ousted

541

Narses helps Theodora and Antonina oust the Patriarch

Plague

541 - 542

ca.

Justinian publishes condemnation of Three Chapters and Origen

543

Confirmed in 553 at Second Council of Constantinople.

Justinian publishes Edict on True Faith

551

Part of Three Chapters Controversy; very offensive to Vigilius

Constantinople II, 553

553

5th Oecumenical Council, Constantinople II, at which Pope Vigilius refuses to appear.

Pope Vigilius publishes Constitutum Vigilii

553

May 14, 553; refutes all who ascribe to condemnation of Three Chapters and refuses to adhere to it.
Justinian replies by removing Vigilius from the diptychs.

Vigilius recants TCC condemnation in Decretal Epistle

553

Dec. 8, 553, Vigilius recants condemnation of Three Chapters Condemnation by Justinian, adheres to it, and pledges to stand by Constantinople II.
All future Popes do as well, thereby ecclesiastically endorsing the Council's condemnation of the Three Chapters.

d. Narses

573

r. Constantine V

741 - 775

Italy

Events occurring in Italy.

Emp Honorius moves capital to Ravenna

402

Milan --> Ravenna

Odoacer

476 - 490

r. 476/477-490

Theodoric victory at Ravenna

489

Reign of Theodoric

490 - 526

d. 526

Theodoric Tricenalia

500

Visits Rome

Ecclesius, Bishop of Ravenna

522 - 532

Pope John I

523 - 526

Sent by Theodoric to Constantinople to contest Justin I's anti-Arian decree of 523, with Ecclesius in his retinue. Arrested by Theoderic upon return despite success of mission, and died in prison in 526. -- Liber Pontificalis

d. Boethius

524

Executed by Theodoric
524 - Herrin.

Pope Felix

526 - 530

r. Amalasuntha

526 - 534

Regent for son Athalaric until his death in 534. Theodahad had her exiled and then assassinated.

Ursicinus, Bishop of Ravenna

533 - 536

Gothic Wars

535 - 554

d. Mundus

536

Pope Vigilius

537 - 555

Victor, Bishop of Ravenna

538 - 545

Narses in Italy

538 - 539

Divided army in Italy, Narses vs. Belisarius, winter months 538-539

Milan razed

538

No bishop again until 552

Belisarius enters Ravenna

540

Byzantine Army enters Ravenna for the first time in the Gothic Wars. Vitiges captured and sent to Constantinople.

Maximian, Bishop of Ravenna

546 - 557

San Vitale Consecrated

547

April 19th, 547. LPR 192

Sant'Apollinare in Classe consecrated by Maximian

549

Narses back in Italy

551 - 554

Remains in Italy for years afterward, where he receives the Pragmatic Sanctions. Length of time spent in Italy thereafter unknown.

Battle of Taginae

552

Narses defeats Totila, breaks power of Ostrogoths in Italy.

Bishop Paulus Consecrated

552

Consecration between Milan and Aquileia, without Papal consent or Byzantine intervention; continued demonstrated independence of northern Sees from Condemned Three Chapters complicit Sees.

r. Pope Pelagius I

556 - 561

Backed by Justinian.

Agnellus, Bishop of Ravenna

557 - 570

Theodoric's Cathedral rededicated to St. Martin

561

=Sant'Apollinare Nuovo
Justinian gifts to Agnellus all of the Arian church properties, allowing him free reign to rededicate them to Orthodoxy.
LPR - post 557
Herrin - 561 rededication; assumed Justinian makes proclamation before then, as mosaics changed.
LPR pg. 200 ed. Deliyannis; Justinian and Agnellus depicted in mosaic together.
Deliyannis disputes date of 561; says 566-570, p. 144

Narses arrests Bishop of Altino, Vitalis

566

Unrelated to TCC, but demonstrates Byz willingness to intercede in affairs when needed.

Peter III, Bishop of Ravenna

570 - 578

local appointee

John II, Bishop of Ravenna

578 - 595

appointed by pope, unlike previous

Marinian, Bishop of Ravenna

595 - 606

appointed by pope

End of Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna

751

Agnellus gives public historical readings

830 - 846