NASAs timeline

Manned Projects/Missions

Project Mercury

08/21/1959 - 05/15/1963

Planned to place a single man in orbit - beginning of the space race

Project Apollo

10/27/1961 - 12/07/1972

TOTAL OF 17 APOLLO MISSIONS

Apollo 1: an electrical fire destroyed the spacecraft and murdered the crew
Apollo 8: Carried the first men to ever orbit the moon
Apollo 11: Landed first men on moon
Apollo 13: Technical errors, which almost resulted in casualties, but luckily, everyone survived.

Project Gemini

04/08/1964 - 11/11/1966

Goals: to have long duration spaceflight. Was a total of 12 missions.

Apollo 8

12/21/1968 - 12/27/1968

Carried the first men to ever orbit the moon

Apollo 11

07/16/1969 - 07/24/1969

First to ever land on the moon

Apollo 13

04/11/1970 - 04/17/1970

Mission that went wrong. There were explosions within the hydrogen and oxygen fans.

SkyLab

1973 - 1979

First United States space station

Space Shuttle

1981 - 2011

To have a reusable space shuttle to travel to and from the Earth's orbit

Shuttle-Mir

2/20/1986 - 1998

Collaborative space program between Russia and the United States

International Space Station

1998 - 2020

Funding ends in 2020; may continue operations until 2028.

SpaceX

2002 - Present

First private company to deliver to the International Space Station

Satellites and Probes

Explorer

1958 - Present

provides flight opportunities for physics, heliophysics, and astrophysics.

Pioneer

1958 - 1973

Designed for planetary exploration.

Viking

1975 - 1982

Goals were: to obtain high resolution images of Mars, search for evidence of life, characterize the structure and composition of the atmosphere and surface.

Voyager

1977 - Present

Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter

January 1979

Voyager 1 reaches Saturn

November 1980

Galileo

10/18/1989 - 9/21/2003

Orbited Jupiter and its moons; terminated by impact with Jupiter

Voyager 1 photographs our solar system

February 14, 1990

Takes first ever full photograph of our solar system

Galileo reaches Jupiter

12/7/1995

Mars Pathfinder

1996 - 1997

Objectives: to prove you could send scientific instruments to other planets.

Cassini

10/15/1997 - Present

Sent to orbit Saturn

Stardust

2/7/1999 - March 2011

Primary mission was to collect comet dust

Genesis

8/8/2001 - 9/8/2004

Collected solar wind samples

Mars Rover (Opportunity)

2003 - 2012

Objectives: search for a variety of rocks, determine what geological processes have shaped the terrain, characterize the mineralogy.

Mars Rover (Spirit)

2004 - 2010

Objectives: search for a variety of rocks and soil, search for clues to the environmental conditions, see if life would be a possibility in these conditions.

Cassini reaches Saturn

7/1/2004

Deep Impact

1/12/2005 - Present

Primary mission of Stardust completed

1/15/2006

Phoenix Mars Lander

2008 - 12/23/2008

Objectives: search for environments suitable for microbial life on Mars and to research the history of the water.

Phoenix Mars Lander lands on Mars

May 25, 2008

Curiosity

11/26/2011 - Present

Exploring Mars

NuSTAR

6/13/2012 - 2014

Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array; expected to be a two year mission

Curiosity lands on Mars

8/6/2012

Voyager 1 reaches unknown part of Heliosphere

December 3, 2012

IRIS

2013 - 2014

Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph; will launch in 2013

Telescopes

Hubble

1990 - Present

a space telescope that is in Earth's orbit.
Objectives: Take high resolution pictures of Earth and it's surrounding manner.

James Webb

1996 - Present

In planning since 1996; not yet launched

Chandra

1999 - Present

an Xray space telescope in Earth's orbit. It's found supernovas, gases, and clusters in our Universe.

Future

LDCM

February 2013

Landsat Data Continuity Mission; scheduled for launch in February 2013

MAVEN

November 18, 2013 - December 7, 2013

Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN; scheduled for launch between November 18 and December 7 of 2013