Timeline 1870-2000

Carissa Myers and Levi 6-7 12-17-12

Main

Presidents

Ulysses S. Grant

1869 - 1877

Republican

Rutherford Hayes

1877 - 1881

Republican

James Gardfield

1881

-Republican
-Assassinated by Charles Guiteau

Chester Arthur

1881 - 1885

Republican

Grover Clevlend

1885 - 1889

Democrat

Benjamin Harrision

1889 - 1893

Republican

William Mckinley

1897 - 1901

-Republican
-Was assassinated

Theodore Roosevelt

1901 - 1909

Republican

William Howard Taft

1909 - 1913

-Republican
-Dollar Diplomacy
-Was Chief Justice

Woodrow Wilson

1913 - 1921

Democrat

Warren G. Harding

1921 - 1923

Republican

Calvin Coolidge

1923 - 1929

Republican

Herbert Hoover

1929 - 1933

Republican

Franklin D. Roosevelt

1933 - 1945

-New Deal
-Second New Deal

Harry S. Truman

1945 - 1953

Democrat

Dwight D. Eisenhower

1953 - 1961

-Republican
-Commander of Allied Forces in World War 2

John F. Kennedy

1961 - 1963

-Democrat
-Was assassinated in 1963 by Lee Harvey Oswald

Lyndon B. Johnson

1963 - 1969

Democrat

Richard M. Nixon

1969 - 1974

Republican

Gerald R. Ford

1974 - 1977

Republican

James E. Carter

1977 - 1981

Democrat

Ronald W. Reagan

1981 - 1989

Republican

George H.W. Bush

1989 - 1993

Republican

William J. Clinton

1993 - 2001

Democrat

Senate

Republicans

1870 - 1879

Total of Senators=74
Number of Democrats=17
Number of Republicans=57

Democrats

1879 - 1881

Total # of Senators=76
Total Democrats=43
Total Republicans=33

Republicans(VP)

1881 - 1893

Total Senators=76
Total Democrats=37
Total Republican=37

Democrats

1893 - 1895

Republicans

1895 - 1913

Democrats

1913 - 1919

Republicans

1919 - 1933

democrats

1933 - 1947

Republicans

1947 - 1949

Democrats

1949 - 1953

Republicans

1953 - 1955

Democrat

1955 - 1981

Republican

1981 - 1987

Democrat

1987 - 1995

Republican

1995 - 2009

House of Representatives

Republican

1869 - 1875

Democrat

1875 - 1881

Republican

1881 - 1883

Democrat

1883 - 1889

Republican

1889 - 1891

Democrat

1891 - 1895

Republican

1895 - 1911

Democrat

1911 - 1917

Republicans

1917 - 1933

Democrat

1933 - 1947

Republican

1947 - 1949

Democrat

1949 - 1953

Republican

1953 - 1955

Democrat

1955 - 1995

Republican

1995 - 2005

Legislation

15th Amendment

February 3, 1870

-Gave free slaves and other African Americans the right to vote

Munn v. Illinois

1876

Issue: 5th Admendment, Public Intersest; States' Rights
Supreme Court Decision: Upheld an Illinois law that regulated railroad rates. The reason why is because the movement of grain was closely related to Public Interest.

Hayes-Tilden Compromise

1877

-Is the beginning of the end of Reconstruction
-Gave white democrats free reign to subjugate blacks and newly freed slaves

Civil Rights Cases

1883

Issue: 14th Amendment Equal Protection Clause, Racial Discrimination

Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific R.R.v. Illinois

1886

-Issue:Federalism
-Decision: Struck down an Illinois law regulating interstate railroad rates, ruling that it infringed on the federal government's exclusive control over interstate commerce

Hawaii

1893 - 1898

-Americans overthrew Queen Liliuokalani in 1893
-United States annexes Hawaii;Spanish-American War

In Re Debs

1895

-Issue: labor strkes, Interstate Commerce
-Supreme Courts Decision: Ruled that the federal government had the authority to halt a railroad strike because it interfered with interstate commerce and delivery of mail

Plessy v. Fergurson

1896

-Supreme court rules seperate but equal facilities legal
-The Issue: Segregation, 14th Amendment Equal Protection Law

Gaining Control

1904

-U.S. gained control of Canal Zone in Panama

Lochner v. New York

1905

Issue: Labor conditions, property rights, 14th Amendment
Decision:Struck down a state law setting a 10-hour day for employees because the law interfered with an employee's right to contract with an employer and violated the protection of liberty guaranteed by the 14th admendment

Muller v. Oregon

1908

-Issue: Women's rights, Labor Conditions, 14th Admendment
Decision:In a departure from the Lochner case, the court upheld a state law limiting women's work hours, viewing women as a special case needing special protections

American Tobacco v. United States

1911

-Issue:Antitrust
-Decision-Ruled that American tobacco was an illegal monopoly and ordered that it to be dissolved into smaller, competing companies

16th and 17th Amendments

1913

-Were ratified

Abrams v. United States

1919

-Issue:1st Amendment freedom of speech, national security
-Decision: Upheld the convictions of persons who distributed antigovernment literature in violation of the Espionage Act. But Justice Holmes and Brandeis dissented, urging more stringent protection of the 1st Admendment.

18th Amendment

1919

19th Amendment

1920

Bhagat Singh Thind v. United States

1923

"The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Bhagat Singh Thind v. United States "high caste Hindus" from India are not eligible for citizenship because they do qualify as "white" under the naturalization law"(Timeline:Voting Right Acts).

Gitlow v. New York

1925

-Issue: 1st Amendment freedoms of speech and press, 14th Amendment
-Decision: Ruled that the freedoms of speech and press were "incorporated" and protected from impairment by the states by the due process clause of the 14th Admendment

Scopes Trial

1925

-Began in Tennesse

Stromberg v. California

1931

-Issue: 1st Amendment and 14th Admendment
-Decision: Overturned an anticommunist law that banned the public display of a red flag. This was the first time the Supreme Court struck down a state law under the 1st Amendment as applied to the states by the 14th Amendment

Near v. Minnesota

1931

-Issue:1st Admendment freedom of speech, 14th Admendment
-Decision: The Supreme Court struck down a Minnesota state law, ruling that it infringed upon freedom of the press, guaranteed by the due process clause of the 14th Amendment

West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

1943

-Issue: Pledge of Allegiance, 1st Admentment
-Decision:The court found that a state law requiring students to pledge allegiance to the flag violated freedom of speeck and freedom of religion

Hirabayashi v. United States

1943

-Issue:5th Admendment, civil liberties,national security
-Decision:The Supreme Court upheld the legitimacy of travel restrictions imposed on Japanese Americans during World War 2

GI Bill

1944

-Helps returning veterans

Dennis v. United States

1951

-Issue: 1st Admendment, civil liberties, national security
-Decision:The Court ruled that the Smith Act, which prohibited advocation of the overthrow of the U.S. government by force and violence, did not violate the 1st Amendment

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

1954

-School Segregation, 14th Amendment
-Supreme Court rules against it because it is unconstitutional

Baker v. Carr

1962

Issue: Legislative reapportionment, 14th Amendment
Supreme Court Decision: Ruled that Federal Court could protect citizens' political rights by directing the election-district boundaries by redrawing

Miranda v. Arizona

1966

-Protects rights of the accused; 5th, 6th, and 14th Amendment

New York Times v. United States

1971

-Issue: 1st Amendment freedom of the press
-Supreme Court Decision: It was ruled that prior restrain of the press could happen through limited censorship. The publication could harm the nation's security and it is the government's obligation to do censor the press.

Roe v. Wade

1973

-Supreme Court legalizes abortion

New Jersey v. T.L.O.

1985

Issue: Students' rights, 4th and 14th amendments
Supreme Court Decision: School officials need only a reasonable suspicion to search students when they think that illegal activity might be happening

Texas v. Johnson

1989

-Issue: 1st Amendment freedom of speech
-Decision:Ruled that desecrating the flag as an act of protest is an act of expression protected by the 1st Amendment

Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health

1990

-Issue:"Right to die"
-Decision:Individual have the right to refuse medical treatment, but the State can preserve life unless there is "clear and convincing" evidence that the patient desires the withdrawal of medical treatment

Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvannia, et al. v. Casey

1992

-Issue:Abortion
-Decision: The Court upheld a woman's "liberty" to have an abortion but also allowed for restrictive state regulations as long as they did not create an "undue burden" or " substantial obstacle" for a woman.

Mitchell v. Helms

2000

-Issue:1st Admendment, 14th Amendment
-Decision:Ruled that a federal law providing funds for educational materials to public and private schools, including Catholic parochial schools, does not violate the 1st Admendment's Establishment Clause

Bush v. Gore

2000

-Issue: Election rules, 14th Admendment
-Decision:Following the controversial 2000 presidential election, the Supreme Court held that the Florida Supreme Cout's plan for recounting ballots was unconstitutional

Wars and World Events

Franco-Prussian War

1870

Spheres of Influence

1884 - 1885

-15 European nations partition Africa for "spheres of influence"
-Effects America because it effected trade between China and America (Open Door Policy)

Cuba

1898 - 1902

-Cuba occupied by U.S. and released

Spanish-American War

1898

-Starts

Boxer Rebellion

1900

-Erupts in China
-Effects America because America wanted to be able to trade with China (Open Door Policy)

Triggering World War 1

1914

-Assassination of Austrian Archduke Ferdinand
-Effects America because they will enter the war later

World War 1

1914 - 1918

-Begins in Europe in 1914
-Ends in 1918
-Germans got treated badly by the Treaty of Versailles
-Germans had to pay reparations to France and Britain

Lusitania

1915

-Sunk by German u-boats
-Had American passengers on it
-Angered Americans

League of Nations

1919

-United States senate rejects it

World War 2

1941

-U.S. enters

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

-Japanese bomb Hawaii
-Causes the U.S. to call war on Japan next day

Battle of Midway

1942

German Surrenders

1943

-At Stalingrad
-Helps end World War 1. This effects America because France and Britain owe America reparations after the war and America can bring their soldiers home.

Invasion of Italy

1943

-Allied forces invaded(including American soldiers)

D-Day

June 6,1944

-Americans landed in France
-Invasion of the French beaches of Normandy

End of War World 2

1945

United Nations

1945

Atomic Bombs

August 1945

-U.S. drops bombs on Japan
-First bomb was dropped on Hiroshima
-Second bomb was dropped on Negasaki
-Caused Japan to drop out of the war
-U.S. sent General McAurthur into help restore order in Japan

Cold War

1946

-Starts
-Between United States and Soviet Union
-U.S. wanted to stop communism from spreading

Containing Communism

1947 - 1990
  • U.S. contains spread of communism

Communist China

1948

-China joins Russia instead of America in the Cold War.

Korea War

1950 - 1953

-U.S. and Chine clash

U.S. Aids France

1950 - 1954

-Aids French war effort in Indochina

Warsaw Pact

1955

-Established by Soviet Union

Berlin Wall

1961

-Was built

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

-Crisis between the United States and the Soviet Union
-United States demands that no missiles be launched at Cuba
-Cuban Waters become blockaded

Ending Diem Government

1963

-Military coup ends this government in South Vietnam

Cambodia

1970

-U.S. invades

American Involvement

1973

-In Vietnam War ends

Cold War

1989

-Ends
-Berlin Wall falls

Persian Gulf War

1991

-U.S. leads coalition of forces in

NATO and WTO

1995

-NATO forces restore oder in Bosnia
-WTO is created

Taliban Removed

2001

Technology

Chewing Gum

1870

Thomas Adams

Lubrication system

1872

Elijah Mcoy

Telephone

1876

Alexander Graham Bell

Refrigerator

1876

Carl Linde

Roll of Film

1884

George Eastman

Coca Cola

1886

Dr. John S Pemberton

Automobile

1889

Karl Benz

Paper Clip

1899

William Middlebrook

Crayons

1903

Binney @ Smith

Airplane

1903

Wright Bros.

Banking Consumer

1904

Amadeo Giannini

Mass Production

1913

Henry Ford

Toaster

1919

Charles Strite

Trafic Light

1920

William Potts

Tv

1927

Philio T. Fansworth

Sunglasses

1929

Sam Foster

Ball Point Pen

1935

Ladislas & Georg Biro

Monopoly

1935

Charles Darrow

Multiplane Camera

1936

Walt Disney

Blood Bank

1940

Charles Drew

Nuclear Reaction

1942

Enrico Fermi

Mark I Computer

1944

Howard Akien

Milk Carton

1954

John Van Wormer

TV Remote Control

1956

Robert Alder

Laser

1958

Arthuer Scarlow & Charles Townes

The Game of Life

1960

Reuben Klamer

Speakers

1968

Amar G Bose

eBooks

1971

Michael Hart

Internet

1973

Vinton Cerf

Post-it Notes

1974

Art Fry and Spence Silver

Mobile Phone

1983

Richard Frenkiel and Joel Engel

Smooth Staple

1988

John G. Knapp

World Wide Web

1991

Tim Berners-Lee

Water Disinfection System

1992

Ashok Gadgil

Google

1998

Sergey Brin and Larry Page

JD Batball

2000

Jacob Dunnack

iPod

2001

Tony Fadell

Society & Culture

Bessemer Steel Process

1856

-method developed in the mid-1800s for making steel more efficiently
-Developed by Henry Bessemer
-Effects: skyscrapers, elevators, suspension bridge

Darwin

1859

-Publishes "On the Origin of Species"

Horatio Alger

1868

-Publishes first book

Ku Klux Klan Act

1871

-Works in stopping the Klam, temporarily. Klan strikes back,and Act is later declared unconstitutional.

Lewis Carroll

1872

-Wrote: Looking Through the Looking Glass

Civil Rights Act

1875 - 1883

-Declared unconstitutional in the The Civil Rights Cases

Alexander Graham Bell

1876

-Patents Telephone

First Farmers' Alliance

1877

Great Railroad Strike

1877

-Cause: response to cuts in workers' wages
-Effect: Set the scene for violent strikes to come

Thomas Edison

1879

-Invents incandescent light

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882

-Closed the door to new immigration from China

Standard Oil Trust

1882

Civil Service Act

1883

-Establishes a merit system for gov ' t jobs

Louis Pasteur

1885

-Administers successful rabies vaccination

Haymarket Square Riot

1886

-Occurs in Chicago

AFL

1886

-American Federation of Labor

Interstate Commerce Commission

1887

-Formed

Booker T. Washington

1888

-Opens Tuskegee Institute

Booker T. Washington

1888

-Opens Tuskegee Institute

First U.S. Film

1889

-"Fred Ott's Sneeze"

Indian Naturalization Act

1890

-Grants citizenship to Native Americans by an application process

Sherman Antitrust Act

1890

-Law banning any trust that restrained interstate trade or commerce
-Senate passed this

"Jim Crow" Laws

1890

-Laws that segregate balcks and whites in the south

Pullman Strike

1894

-Cause: wages cut without a decrease in the cost of living in the company town
-Effect: Employers used the courts to limit the influence of unions
-Check page 455 if anymore information is needed

H.G. Wells

1895

-"The Time Machine"

Florence Kelley

1899

-helps found National Consumers League

Sigmund Freud

1899

-"Interpretation of Dreams"

National Reclamation Act

1902

-Signed by President Roosevelt

Wrigh Bros.

1903

-first airplane

Jack London

1904

-"The Sea Wof"

Albert Einstein

1905

-proposes Special Theory of Relativity

Meat Inspection, Pure Food, and Drugs Acts

1906

-Congress passed all of these

Picasso

1907

-begins cubism with "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon"

Henry Ford

1908

-Begins selling Model T, first affordable car
-Also was credited with the invention of the assembly line

NAACP

1909

-Founded by W.E.B. Dubois
-National Association for Advancement of Colored People

Igor Stravinsky

1913

-ballet "The Rite of Spring"

Federal Reserve Act

1913

D.W. Griffith

1915

-directs "Birth of a Nation"

Albert Einstein

1916

-proposes General Theory of Relativity

Spapley

1918
  • determines sun is part of Milky Way galaxy

James Joyce

1922
  • wrote "Ulysses"

Teapot Dome Scandal

1922

T.S. Eliot

1922

-wrote "The Waste Land"

Wave Mechanics

1924

-Schrodinger proposes this

Charles Lindenberg

1927

-Flies the "Spirit of St. Louis" across the Alantic Ocean

Kellogg-Briand Pact

1928

-Major nations sign to ban war

Stock Market Crash

1929

-End of 1920s prosperity

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

June 1930

Bank Failures

1931

RFC

January 1932

"Light in August"

1932

-Wrote by William Faulkner

Bonus Army

July 1932

New Deal

1933

-FDR

Nye Committee

1934 - 1936

-Scrutinizes reasons for U.S. involvement in World War 1

Dust Bowl

1934

Social Security Act

1935

"The 39 Steps"

1935

-Wrote by Hitchcock

Quarantine Speech

1937

-Roosevelt condemns aggression

Plastics

1937

-Developed by Dow Chemical

"For Whom the Bell Tolls"

1940

-Wrote by Ernest Hemingway

"Being and Nothingness"

1943

-Wrote by Jean-Paul Sartre

"Open City"

1945

-Roberto Rosselini's
neorealist Open City

Taft-Hartley Act

1947

-Limits power of unions

Truman Doctrine

1947

-Truman proposed this to fight communism

Marshal Plan

1948

Transistor

1948

-Bell Labs invented this

U.S. joins NATO

1949

-NATO stands for the North Alantic Treaty Organization

First Soviet A-bomb

1949

-Developed byKurchatov

Abstract-Expressionism

1949

-breaks out in NYC

Levittown

1951

-The first postwar suburb, is built on Long Island

Watson & Crick

1953

-DNA=double helix

Polio Vaccine

1954

-Salk developed it

SEATO

1954

"Nautilus"

1954

-(U.S.)first nuclear submarine

Eletronics

1954

-Television thrives; radio switches to music

Bus Boycott

1955

-Begins in Montgomery

Rosa Parks

1955

-Didn't move to back of bus for white man and got arrested for breaking Montgomery, Alabama laws

Interstate Highway Act

1956

-Expands highway construction

"On the Road"

1957

-Wrote by Jack Kerouac

Eisenhower Doctrine

1957

-Combats Soviet influence in the MIddle East

Man lands on Moon

1961 - 1969

-Kennedy launches Apollo project

"The Other American"

1962

-Wrote by Michael Harrington
-Defines poverty in America

Silent Spring

1962

-Rachel Carson's
-Launches environmental movement

Martin Luther King Jr.

1963 - 1968

-Speaks at March on Washington (1963)
-assassinated (1968)

"The Feminine Mystique"

1963

-Betty Friedan publishes it

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1964

Voting Rights Act

1965

Immigration and Nationality Act

1965

"Like a Rolling Stone"

1965

-Wrote by Bob Dylan

United Farm Workers Union

1966

-Is formed

"Sgt. Pepper"

1967

-The Beatles

Woodstock Festival

1969

-Celebrates the counter-culture

Clean Air Act

1970

DDT

1972
  • is banned

U.S. Energy prices soar

1973

-OPEC oil embargo was the cause

Endangered Species Act

1973

"The Exorcist"

1973
  • Billy Friedkin

Watergate Scandal

1974

-Nixon resigns

Celebrating Bicentennial

1976

-Americans

"Star Wars"

1977

-George Lucas

Personel Computer

1978

Three Mile Island

1979

-Nuclear Disaster

Hostages

1979

-Protesters seize U.S. embassy and hostages in Tehran

Cd,VCR, & Cable

1980 - 1990

-becomes common

Hostages Released

1981

-On first day of Reagaon's presidency
-In Iran

Recovery

1983

-Economy starts to recover from recession

Treaty on Missiles

1987

-Signed by Reagan and Gorbachev
-Signed to elminate nuclear missiles

Film Markets

1989 - 1992

-World cable markets deregulated;
Hollywood gains world film market

Web

1993
  • Internet expands with World Wide Web

"Schindler's List"

1993

-Steven Spielberg

Republicans

1994

-Win control of Congress

Welfare Reform Act

1996

Landing on Mars

1997

-NASA spacecraft

Stock Market Crashes

2000

Animals Cloned

2000

-2000s

Revolutionize Communication

2000
  • 2000s -Internet and cellphones

"The Cremaster Cycle"

2003

-Mathew Barney finishes it

"The Social Network"

2010

-David Fincher