Religious Reforms

Lutheranism

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Johann Tetzel begins the selling of indulgences

1517

Ninety-five Theses by Luther

10/31/1517

Luther is excommunicated by Pope Leo X

1520

Luther is called before the Diet of Worms by Chares V to recant

1521

The Diet of Augsburg: where Luther confensed his statement of faith

1530

schmalkdic League: a formation of the German protestants against the Habsburgs

1531

The Peace of Augsburg:Allowed the German princes to choose their religion

1555

Calvinism

Zwingli: a reform who believed baptism and comminion were ceremonies

1484 - 1531

John Calvin:believed in predestination and simplicity w/in the chruch

1509 - 1564

John Knox: he led the Scottish Calvists

1514 - 1572

Zwingli:led the chruch in Zurich to reform began Calvism

1519

The Institutes of the Christian Religion:by John Calvin defined Calvism

1536

Scotland's parliament adopts Presbyterianism-Scottish Calvism

1560

Anglicanism

Act of Supremacy: Parliament declares the King as head of the English chruch

1534

Six Articles:defined the doctrines of the Anglican chruch

1539

Archbishop Thomas Cranmer's Book of Common Prayer: described Anglican worship

1549

Forty-two Articles:revised the 6 articles, made the chruch more protestant

1551

Catholicism

Saint Ignatius Loyola- he created the Jesuits

1491 - 1556

Pope Paul III: he led the chruch during the reformations

1534 - 1549

St. Ignatuis and 6 followers take the vow of poverty and chasity

1534

St.Ignatius Loyola and his followers are ordinaded into preisthood

1537

Council of Trent:reaffirmed the Catholic doctrines and papal authority

1545 - 1563

There were three sessions: 1545-1547, 1551-1552, 1562-1563.
They reaffirmed the seven sacraments, and Christian faith. Along with eliminating the abuses: indulgences etc.