APUSH 1865-1920 TIMELINE

Events

RECONSTRUCTION

1865 - 1877

END OF CIVIL WAR

1865

13 AMMENDMENT PASSED

1865

Abolition of slavery

14th AMMENDMENT PASSED

1866

Gave Citizenship to African Americans (former slaves) and many immigrants. Was passed under "radical" republicans (were considered radical because they wanted blacks to be citizens)

15TH AMMENDMENT PASSED

1867

Gave African American men voting rights.

BOSS TWEED / MUNICIPAL CORRUPTION

1870

Boss Tweed was New Yorkʻs corruption king. He controlled Tammany Hall, a political organization. He had the money, therefore the ability, to ensure the loyalty of voters through jobs he could create and dispense on city-related projects. As a result he was elected into Senate and on various boards and committees that controlled New York.

Railroad Strike

1877

The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 was in response to the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cutting wages of workers for the third time in a year. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked. This was the United States' first major railroad strike.

Reconstruction Ends

1877

North Reconstruction in the South ends. Troops are removed from the South.

Knights of Labor

1877

This was a union for any kind/type of laborer, including women. Advocated for the 8 hour work day. Later turned in to the American Federation of Labor

Chinese Exclusion Act

1883

The first significant law that restricted immigration into the United States of an ethnic working group. When the California Gold Rush began in 1848, many Americans and immigrants, including many Chinese, came. In the 1860s, authorities from the Central Pacific Railroad began hiring laborers to work on the Transcontinental Railroad Project. The Americans were unwilling to work those laborious jobs, but the Chinese were willing to. This gave the Chinese jobs, and the Americans saw that as the Chinese taking away the jobs of Americans (saw themselves as threatened). Many other Acts/Laws were passed to restrict the Chinese in America.