Citizens United: Timeline Update Branon Elmer


Shay's Rebellion

August 29 1786

The events of the rebellion, most of which occurred after the Philadelphia Convention had been called but before it began in May 1787, are widely seen to have affected the debates on the shape of the new government.

Constitutional Convention

May 25 1787

Addressed problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain.

Judiciary Act 1789

September 24 1789

"Judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court," and such inferior courts as Congress saw fit to establish. Established Judaical Court.

Whiskey Rebellion


The tax was a part of treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton's program to increase central government power, in particular to fund his policy of assuming the war debt of those states which had failed to pay. The farmers who resisted, many war veterans, were fighting for the principles of the American Revolution, in particular against taxation without local representation.

Alien and Sedition Acts


The Alien and Sedition Acts were four bills passed in 1798 by the Federalists in the 5th United States Congress in the aftermath of the French Revolution.

Revolution of 1800


Election between Jon Adams and Thomas Jefferson. The election was a realigning election that ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republican Party rule and the eventual demise of the Federalist Party in the First Party System.

Marbury v. Madison


The landmark decision helped define the boundary between the constitutionally separate executive and judicial branches of the American form of government.

Louisiana Purchase


It was the acquisition by the United States of America in 1803 of 828,000 square miles of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana.

Embargo Act 1807


The Embargo Act of 1807 was a general embargo enacted by the United States Congress against Great Britain and France during the Napoleonic Wars. The embargo was imposed in response to violations of U.S. neutrality, in which American merchantmen and their cargo were seized as contraband of war by the belligerent European navies.

War of 1812


The War of 1812 was a 32 month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire and their allies which resulted in no territorial change, but a resolution of many issues remaining from the American War of Independence.

Election of 1816


It came at the end of the two-term presidency of Democratic-Republican James Madison. With the Federalist Party in collapse, Madison's Secretary of State, James Monroe, had an advantage in winning the presidency against very weak opposition.

Election of 1824

October 26 1824

The presidential election of 1824 is notable for being the only election since the passage of the Twelfth Amendment to have been decided by the House of Representatives in accordance with its provision to turn over the choice of the president to the House when no candidate secures a majority of the electoral vote.

Election of 1828


It marked the beginning of modern American politics, with the decisive establishment of democracy and the formation of the two-party system.[1]

Indian Removal Act 1830

May 28 1830

The act authorized him to negotiate with the Indians in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands.

Nullification Crisis 1832


The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina's 1832 Ordinance of Nullification. This ordinance declared by the power of the State that the federal Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 were unconstitutional and therefore null and void within the sovereign boundaries of South Carolina.

Election of 1932

November 8 1932

The theme of the campaign was an all-out attack on Hoover's economic failures, with the incumbent hard pressed to defend himself. Roosevelt blamed the Great Depression on Hoover, and his protectionist policies.

New Deal


The New Deal was a series of economic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1936.The programs were in response to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call the "3 Rs": Relief, Recovery, and Reform.

Attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki


The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in 1945. These two events represent the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date.

Truman Doctrine

March 12 1947

the U.S. would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent their falling into the Soviet sphere.[2] Historians often consider it as the start of the Cold War, and the start of the containment policy to stop Soviet expansion.[3]

Fall of China to Communism


China becomes communist over a period of time.

Creation of NATO 1949

April 1949

Coordinate the military defenses of member nations against possible Soviet aggression. Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the United States agreed to consider an armed attack against any one of them as an attack against all.

Korean War

1950 - 1953

It was primarily the result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.

Election of 1952

November 4 1952

Popular war hero General Dwight D. Eisenhower and won in a landslide, ending 20 consecutive years of Democratic control of the White House.