Cold war and communism


Bolshevik Revolution

October 1917

There were two revolutions in the same year.
civil unrest and food shortages were some causes of the revolution.

Founding of the Chinese Communist Party

July 1921

Lenin died / Stalin began consolidating his power

January 1924

Great Soviet Famine in Ukraine and other regions

1932 - 1933

Long March of the Chinese Communists

1934 - 1935

Cold War began

1944 - 1945

Franco-Vietnam War, ended with defeat of France

1945 - 1954

Berlin blockade/airlift

1948 - 1949

Marshall Plan, US economic program to rebuild Western Europe’s economies

1948 - 1952

It was given to countrys to keep them away from communism.

NATO was created, defensive alliance against USSR

April 1949

The warsaw pact was made in response to NATO

Soviet Union detonated its first atomic bomb

August 1949

Declaration of the PRC (Peoples’ Republic of China), victory in civil war

October 1949

Korean War, ended in stalemate

1950 - 1953

Nikita Khrushchev became the Soviet leader following Stalin’s death

September 1953

Failed Hungarian Revolt against Soviet domination


China’s Great Leap Forward, rapid industrialization and collectivization

1958 - 1961

Killed many chinese people because of a famin.

Fidel Castro became leader of Cuba after victory in the Cuban Revolution


Castro was not communist from the start, the U.S. would not support him so he changed to communism.

Berlin Wall was constructed by East Germany, on Soviet orders


The U.S. Supported them with airdrops after this.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

U2 spyplanes found the missle silos in cuba.

US-Vietnam War, US withdrawal/defeat

1964 - 1973

China’s Cultural Revolution, ended with the death of Mao

1966 - 1976

Mao is considered a hero even though he killed many chinese people.

failed Prague Spring revolt against Soviet domination in Czechoslovakia

January 1968 - August 1968

Détente – period of reduced tension/increased cooperation in the Cold War

1971 - 1979

Vietnam War ends with communist victory

April 1975

240 men were awarded medals of honor during the war

reformer Mikhail Gorbachev became the Soviet leader

March 1985

CCP crushed the Tiananmen Square protest for democracy

June 1989

Eastern European borders were opened and the Berlin Wall was torn down

September 1989

It was taken down almost as spontanious as it was put up.

Fall of the Soviet Union / end of the Cold War

December 1991

It fell on Christmas day.
The end was peacful.