Unit II Timeline

Western Asia

Death of Justinian

565

Justinian died November 14, 565

Rurik becomes king of Kievan Rus'

855

Allowed his dynasty to ultimately rule the Tsardom of Russia.

The Great Schism

1054

Ultimately led to downfall of Eastern Rome.

Battle of Manzikert

1071

The battle was fought between Byzantine and the Seljuk Turks.

End of Mongol invasions of Russia

1241

The invasions had helped spread the orthodox church, however democracy was ruined in Russia,

Capture of Constantinople by Turks

1453

Marked the end of the Roman Empire.

East Europe

Charlemagne Crowned Emperor

800

Ruled from 800 to 814, when he died.

Norman Invasion of England

1066

Defeated King Harold II for the throne.

First Crusade

1095

Ultimately led to conquest of Jerusalem.

Magna Carta

1215

Lords forced their king not to war.

Hundred Year War Begins

1338 - 1453

War was between France and England. (also around 120 years)

Black Death Appears

1348

Eliminated around 1/3 of Europe. Assumed to have 3 strands.

Islam

Muhhamad recieves first revelations

610

This began a religion still preached today.

Muhhamad Flees Mecca to Medina

622

Fled because he heard of an assassination plot

Ridda Wars Begin

633 - 634

Caliph Abu Bakar took out rebels

Assassination of Uthman

656

Initially a protest, his house ended up being placed under siege by the crowds and he was killed.

Battle of Siffin

657

Began in the first muslim war.

End of Ummayad Dynasty

750

Began in 661

Africa

Islam Spreads through Africa

600 - 700

Taught Africans how to write, thus making them capable of history books.

Last Chinese Trade to East Africa

1000

Ruined trade routes lowered African prosperity

Rise of Mali

1200

Mali grew to be incredibly rich

Death of Sundiata

1260

Founded Mali Empire

Hajj of Mansa Kankan Musa

1324

Said to have given out enough gold to crash the economy for years.

Ghana at its height

1431

Established trade routes and prospered

Middle East

First Muslim raids into India

711

Began a tedious battle

Crusaders take Jerusalem

1099

Created a major victory for Christianity

Establishment of Delhi Sultanate

1206

New Indian area

Buyids conquer Baghdad

1206

9 year war to win Baghdad

Mongols capture Baghdad

1258

Marked the end of Islamic Golden age

Introduction of Islam in Southeast Asia

1290

Currently a very Islamic area

Sui/Tang/song

Founding of Sui dynasty

589

One of the shortest lasting Dynasties

Founding of Tang dynasty

618

Began by supporting Buddhism, Later turned to persecute them

Beginning of Buddhist persecution

840

Began in late Tang empire by Emperor Wuzong because Buddhists weren't paying taxes.

Founding of Song dynasty

960

The last Chinese dynasty before they are taken over.

Beginning of Southern Song Dynasty

1127

Survived the Mongols for longer than the rest of china

Japan

Independent Silla kingdom Established

668

Of of the three Korean kingdoms, and one of the largest lasting kingdoms.

Last Japanese Embassy to China

838

After Japan refused to bow to china, Embassies were pointless.

Vietnam wins Chinese Independence

939

South Han sent troops to take Vietnam, however Vietnam won the war.

Gempei Wars

1180

Conflict between Taira and Minamoto

Kamabura Shogunate Ends in Japan

1336

A military leadership headed by Shoguns

Yi Dynasty In Korea

1392

The Yi dynasty began because of a warlords revolt.

Mongols

Chinggis Khan elected Khagan

1206

Chiggis, or Genghis Khan was elected as the supreme Mongol leader. This led to the expansion of Mongolia.

Mongol Conquest Of Russia Complete

1240

Helped establish the Orthodox church.

Mongols Destroy Baghdad

1258

Mongols took over and destroyed Baghdad

Marco Polo journeys to Central Asia

1271

Marco Polo wrote accounts of his journeys and descriptions of the mongol hordes.

Fall of Yuan Dynasty

1368

Taken by peasant uprisings

Death of Timur-i Lang

1405

He was a Turkish ruler who conquered West, south and Central Asia, establishing the Timurid dynasty

Overall

Expedition of vivaldis into the atlantic

1291

Created the Atlantic trade route as a well used path.

Outbreak of Black Death in Europe

1348

Killed off around one third of all people.

End of Ming commercial expeditions

1433

Ming lost profits from a lack of trade.

Portugal establishes control of Azores

1439

Expanded Portugal to 9 more volcanic islands.

Fall of Constantinople by Ottoman Turks

1453

After a steady decline of the Byzantine Empire, they finally fell to the Turks when only their capital, Constantinople, remained.

Unification of Castile and Aragon

1469

Unified by marriage of Ferdinand V (Ferdinand the Catholic) with Isabella.