The Emergence of Modern Europe

The chruch

Pope Boniface VIII issues the Unam Sanctum

1302

He declared papal supremacy. Declaring that not following the will of the Pope is not following the will of God.

Babylonian Captivity

1305 - 1378

When the French Popes are under Philip II's command

The Great Schism

1378 - 1417

When there are three Popes, which wont resign and have all excommunicated each other.

The council of Pisa

1409

Never accomplishes anything but adds the three Pope into reign.

The council of Constance: elects Pope Martin V and ends the Great Schism

1414 - 1418

John Hus a leader against the chruch is burned at the stake

1415

Pope Martin is elected and ends the Great Schism

1417 - 1431

Wars

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

War with England and France between the English lands in France.

War of Roses: red-Lancaster won

1455 - 1485

A war between nobility for power after the war. The Lancaster house won.

Political

King Philip IV's reign

1285 - 1314

The Golden Bull establishes a system for the election of the HREmperor

1356

Tomas de Torquemada, Queen Isabella's confessor

1420 - 1498

Louis XI reign in France

1461

Ferdinand of Aragon marries Isabella of Castile

1469

Queen Isabella of Castile's reign

1474 - 1504

King Ferdinand of Aragon's reign

1479 - 1516

The Inquisition begins operating in Castile

1480

Herny Tudor becomes King Herny VII of England

1485

The Inquisition begins operating in Aragon

1487

Charles V becomes Holy Roman Emperor

1519

Scientific

Regimontanus:he thought of the mathematical equation for the universe

1436 - 1476

Copernicus:heliocentric theory

1473 - 1543