Napoléon Timeline

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Napolione di Buonuaparte born in Corsica

15 August 1769

Napoléon enters Military College of Brienne in France

15 May 1779

Napoléon enters Royal Military College of Paris; graduates 2nd Lieutenant

17 October 1784

The French Revolution

1789 - 1799

Siege of Toulon; Napoléon promoted to Brigadier General

1793

Napoléon promoted General-in-Command; meets Joséphine Beauharnais

5 October 1795

Italian Campaigns; Treaty of Campo-Formio

March 1796 - October 1797

Napoléon marries Joséphine

9 March 1796

Egyptian Campaign

May 1798 - October 1799

Napoléon seizes Coup of 18 Brumaire; elected First Consul; end of Revolution

9 November 1799 - 10 November 1799

Napoléon survives bomb plot

24 December 1800

Treaty of Amiens signed with England

25 March 1802

New Constitution; Napoléon makes Consul for life

4 August 1802

France sells Louisiana Territory to USA

3 May 1803

Peace of Amiens breaks down

16 May 1803

Napoléonic Code established

21 March 1804

Napoléon proclaimed Emperor of French

18 May 1804

New constitution creates imperial monarchy

Napoléon crowned Emporer

2 December 1804

Third Coalition formed; Battle of Trafalgar

April 1805 - December 1805

Admiral Nelson destroys French fleet (Battle of Trafalgar) - Oct 21

Napoléon crowned King of Italy

17 May 1805

Battle of Austerlitz; then Coalition dissolves

2 December 1805

Napoléon's brother (Joseph Bonaparte) = King of Naples

1 April 1806

Fourth Coalition forms

October 1806

Napoléon is victorious at Jena and Auerstadt

Continental Blockade begins

21 November 1806

Closes continental ports to British ships

Russians defeated at Friedland; Treaty of Tilsit signed

14 June 1807

Grand Duchy of Warsaw created

22 July 1807

Napoléon's brother (Jerome) = King of Westphalia

16 August 1807

French occupy Portugal

30 November 1807

Lisbon seized - December 1

Murat = command of Spain; Joseph= King of Spain (June 4)

20 February 1808

Napoléon defeats Austria (Battle of Wagram); then enters Vienna

April 1809 - October 1809

Napoléon divorces

15 December 1809

Napoléon marries Marie-Louise of Austria

2 April 1810

Napoléon and Marie Louise's son is born

20 March 1811

Russian Campaign; Napoléon retreats; Grand Army decimated

June 1812 - December 1812

Sixth Coalition formed; Napoléonic Germany collapses; Holland lost

March 1813 - November 1813

Wellington takes Madrid - August 12
Victory at Leipzig (Battle of Nations) - October 15

Allied troops enter France; Paris falls on March 30-31

January 1814 - March 1814

Napoléon abdicates at Fontainebleau; France becomes constitutional monarchy

4 April 1814

Napoléon exiled to island Elba; made ruler; stays emperor

4 May 1814

Empress Joséphine dies

29 May 1814

Napoléon escapes Elba; reigns again "Hundred Days"

March 1815 - June 1815

Battle of Waterloo

18 June 1815

Wellington and Blücher defeat Napoléon

Napoléon's 2nd abdiction at Elysée Palace; surrenders to English 15 July

22 June 1815

Napoléon exiled to St. Helena

17 October 1815

Napoléon dies

5 May 1821